A Complete Guide On How To Prepare For Indian Polity For UPSC CSE

how to prepare for indian polity for upsc

Indian Polity has an important portion in all the three stages of the UPSC CSE exam, be it the prelims, Mains, or the interview round. Polity is not only an important subject of Social Sciences but it also creates a sense of awareness about one’s responsibilities, rights, duties, current issues, and Government working and machinery.

The subject is significant in every citizen’s life and remains significant for a Civil Servant throughout his/her service as it forms an important part of the administration.

Aspirants often get stuck when searching for an answer on, “How to prepare for Indian polity for UPSC?”.

Indian context of Polity gives an understanding of various constitutional institutions, authorities, and the working of Legislature, Executive, and Judiciary. On the other hand, international politics and relations provide an understanding of how international events affect national policies and responses.

In this article, we will try and help you on your quest of how to prepare for Indian polity for UPSC.

Indian Polity In UPSC Exam

Before Knowing the tips and methods on how to prepare for Indian Polity for UPSC CSE Exam, let us consider different aspects (like weightage, advantages, and disadvantages) of Indian Polity in the UPSC CSE Exam.

Weightage Of Indian Polity In UPSC Exam


A total of 100 questions are asked every year in the UPSC Prelims General Studies paper.

In 2017, 18 questions were asked from the section of Indian Polity. In 2019, 11 questions were asked and in 2020, 16 questions were asked ranging from easy to moderate.

This shows the significance of Indian Polity in the Prelims examination.


UPSC Mains Exam has a separate section for Indian Polity in the form of GS-2 Paper consisting of topics like Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice, and International Relations.

Both, the Prelims section and the UPSC Mains examination demand a subjective understanding of the subject. You can opt for an optional paper of Political Science also in the Optional Paper-1 section of the Mains examination.

Studying polity for prelims and mains general studies paper 2 is compulsory for everyone, but polity remains one of the most preferred UPSC optional subjects among the aspirants.

Advantages Of Indian Polity In UPSC

UPSC Prelims

Polity is quite a relevant subject to our everyday life as compared to other subjects in UPSC Exam.

You can read and learn Indian Polity without getting bored because it’s a fact that we all are surrounded by political debates and news filled with political discussions around everyday events of national and international interest.

In this way, you can prepare your subject along with the current affairs.

UPSC Mains

Mains section demands a subjective approach and for that, you need to prepare yourself for the opinion-based answers.

Indian Polity is a very good option to choose as an Optional subject. While preparing for your optional paper you can also cover your GS-2 area which is Political science and Governance.

Hence, shooting two birds from one stone.

Since polity overlaps with current affairs and is related to everyday events, you have something to write in almost every question.

Disadvantages Of Taking Indian Polity As An Optional Subject

  • Indian Polity is very subjective and hence a low-scoring subject if we talk from the perspective of UPSC CSE Mains. Due to differences in opinions of different aspirants on various issues and matters related to polity, it is not easy for anyone to judge any answer as the perfect/ correct answer.

  • Because of its advantages, it is also a highly-competitive optional subject for the UPSC Civil Services Exam.

How To Prepare For Indian Polity For UPSC Prelims And Mains

Effective tips and methods on “how to prepare for Indian polity for UPSC exam?” are discussed below to ace your Indian Polity paper in the UPSC CSE exam.

Understanding The Basics Of The Constitution Through NCERTs And Other Books

  1. It is very important to first understand the Constitution of India. The Constitution is the source point of Indian Polity as every other concept is connected directly or indirectly to it. Reading and understanding the Constitution of India will help you greatly with your exam preparation.

  2. You can start with the NCERTs as this will give you a brief understanding of the subject from scratch.

  3. Indian Polity by Laxmikant will surely upgrade your level of understanding and will give you a new dimension in the IAS Prelims exam. Laxmikant is a wholesome book, but aspirants are required to read it a minimum of 3 to 4 times to be able to understand it completely. It will definitely help with preparing for Indian polity for UPSC.

    It is important that in the first read, you understand the book and syllabus covered, in the second read make your short notes and then further revise in the third and fourth read. Only after reading it several times can you make the most out of the book to attempt maximum polity questions correctly.
  4. Hand-written notes are extremely important. In the market, everyone can get notes and opinions. For your answer to be good and different from others, it is important to make your own notes.

Facts And Figures (Numbers) Are An Important Part Of Polity.

Another important tip on “how to prepare for Indian polity for UPSC exam” is to focus on facts and figures as well. As Prelims demand an objective approach, it is necessary to grasp things and matters related to your subject along with noting down important facts and figures.

You can use relevant facts and figures which you have learned specifically during your Prelims stage in your Mains answer as well. The use of facts and figures plays a crucial role to support your opinions and right a well-informed and thoughtful answer.


IGNOU/NIOS notes just to level up your preparation as it is authorized well-curated notes made for the University syllabus. These will surely aid your Indian Polity preparation.

Current Affairs for Indian Polity

The whole syllabus of UPSC CSE is incomplete without current affairs. The Polity section is not just about the Constitution and Articles, but also asks questions about the latest Governing body and the working of our Government machinery. Daily reading of current governance issues is important and should be on the priority lists on “how to prepare for Indian polity for UPSC exam?”

Solving Mock And Topic-Wise Tests And Previous Year’s Question Papers

Solving tests and previous year’s question papers is extremely useful and important for the UPSC IAS exam.

Solving as many mock/topic-wise tests as you can, analyzing your mistakes, amending them, understanding the nature of questions, and repeating this process will ultimately lead you to the answer to your quest of, “how to prepare for Indian polity for UPSC CSE”. These should be on high priority in your UPSC preparation strategy.

Comprehensive Book-list Of Indian Polity For UPSC Civil Services Exam

One cannot ignore the lists of standard books while converting about the tips and strategies on how to prepare for Indian polity for the UPSC exam.

  1. Indian Polity for Civil Services Examinations – M. Laxmikant (5th edition)
  2. Introduction to the Constitution of India – Durga Das Basu
  3. Our Constitution Paperback – Subhash C. Kashyap
  4. Our Parliament – Subhash Kashyap
  5. Objective Indian Polity: General Studies – Paper I by Laxmikanth


As discussed, Indian Polity is all around us in our day-to-day life, so it can be a subject that is comparatively easy to understand. But in the end, it all boils down to your preferences.

Choosing Indian Polity as your optional subject for IAS mains can be both good and bad as discussed earlier. Choosing this subject will help you to prepare for both Prelims and Mains in parallel.

But the high competition rate can deter some aspirants. Keep in mind the tips provided by us to prepare for this subject. We hope we made some kind of impact on your decision to choose Indian Polity as optional and also guided you to the answer on how to prepare for Indian polity for UPSC.

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