71st amendment of Indian Constitution amended the 8th Schedule to include certain languages. In essence, this was done in order to declare these languages to be the official languages of the Republic of India. Prior to this amendment, 15 languages got a chance to be enlisted in the Eight Schedule of the Constitution of India.
The eighth Schedule covers the official languages that the Indian Constitution acknowledges. The constitutional provision relating to the eighth schedule appears in articles 344(1) and 351 of the Indian Constitution.
For more information about the 71st amendment to the Indian Constitution, keep reading this article. This article helps you in your UPSC preparation. This is from the Indian Polity section of the UPSC syllabus.
71st Amendment Of Indian Constitution
The Eighth Schedule to the Constitution of India was amended in accordance with the 71st amendment of Indian Constitution. The inclusion of the following languages was the primary driver behind the 71st amendment of Indian Constitution:
- Meitei (Manipuri)
The official languages that the Indian government must foster are listed in the Eighth Schedule of the Indian Constitution.
The number of languages listed in the schedule has increased to 18 as of the 71st amendment to the Indian Constitution.
Objects And Reasons
There have been demands for the inclusion of some languages to be added to the Constitution’s eighth schedule.
It is urged that the Konkani, Nepali, and Manipuri languages be included in the Constitution’s eighth schedule. The Bill aims to implement this judgment.
Gorkha Bhasa is another name for the Nepali language in some places. In the Census activities, additional nomenclatures like “Gorkhali,” “Gorkdhi,” “Gurkhiya,” “Khaskura,” or “Naipali” have also been employed.
71st Amendment of the Constitution of India amended the 8th Schedule. The year 1992 saw this amendment. The following languages were then added to the 8th Schedule of the Indian Constitution thereby increasing the list of languages to eighteen:
- The Constitution (Seventy-first Amendment) Act, 1992 is another name for the 71st amendment of the Indian Constitution.
- This was presented for the first time in Lok Sabha, by S. B. Chavan. This happened on 20 August 1992.
- On August 31, 1992, the bill was approved, and it went into effect.
- The president at the time, Shankar Dayal Sharma assented to the bill of the 71st Amendment.
- Parliament adopted the 71st amendment in the forty-third year of the Republic of India.
The Constitution (Seventy-first Amendment) Act, 1992 included Konkani, Nepali, and Meitei (Manipuri) as official languages by amending the eighth schedule of the Indian Constitution. As a result, the number of official languages increased to eighteen.
At present, the eighth schedule contains twenty-two languages, these are listed in the table given below:
Which Schedule Of The Constitution Of India Saw The Addition Of Konkani, Manipuri, And The Nepali Language Through The 71st Amendment Act?
The eighth Schedule of the Indian Constitution saw the addition of Konkani, Manipuri, and the Nepali language through the seventy-first Amendment Act.