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UPSC Full Form

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Not only the UPSC full form but this Article covers everything possible thing that you need to know about the exams. Let us dive deep into this article and get to know everything about UPSC.

Table Of Contents
  1. What is UPSC?
  2. Group A Services 

What is UPSC?

The full form of UPSC is the Union Public Service Commission. It is a government body in India that is responsible for recruiting candidates for various civil services and posts under the central government, such as the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Police Service (IPS), and Indian Forest Service (IFoS).

UPSC is considered to be one of the toughest among all the competitive exams being held in the country.

The UPSC conducts exams such as the Civil Services Examination (CSE) and Indian Forest Service Examination (IFoS) to select eligible candidates for these positions.

The Commission also conducts exams for other positions, such as the Indian Economic Service (IES) and Indian Statistical Service (ISS), and is responsible for the appointment of Joint Secretaries to the Government of India in various Ministries.

History Of UPSC 

In the year 1854, the British East India Company was the first to propose the idea of an examination for the Civil Service. Examinations for the Indian Civil Service were first exclusively given in London because there was the only location that offered them.

In 1864, Shri Satyendranath Tagore, brother of Shri Rabindranath Tagore, became the first Indian to pass this exam. He is credited with being the first Indian to do so.

The Indian civil service examinations did not start being held in India until far after the Montagu Chelmsford reforms had been implemented.

On October 1st, 1926, India became the first country in the world to establish an independent Public Service Commission.

The Commission’s very first Chairman was a person named Sir Ross Barker, who worked for the United Kingdom’s Home Civil Service.

The Constitution of India was enacted on January 26, 1950, renaming the Federal Public Service Commission as the Union Public Service Commission. Since that time, the commission has been known by its current name (UPSC).

As a result, the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) was established as the central committee in charge of administering examinations for government jobs.

In the decades that followed, the UPSC continued to play an important role in the recruitment of candidates for various civil services and posts under the central government.

The commission also expanded its functions to include advising the government on matters related to recruitment and promotions and conducting exams for other positions, such as the Indian Economic Service (IES) and Indian Statistical Service (ISS).

In recent years, the UPSC has faced criticism for issues such as the lack of diversity in its recruitment process, the high cost of the Civil Services Examination (CSE), and the lack of transparency in its operations.

In response, the government has introduced several reforms aimed at addressing these issues, such as increasing the number of attempts for candidates from certain backgrounds and reducing the cost of the CSE.

Today, the UPSC continues to play a crucial role in the recruitment and appointment of candidates to various civil services and posts under the central government of India. The Commission is seen as a premier institution in the country, which is responsible for recruiting the future leaders of the country, who will shape the future of the nation. 

Different Functions Of UPSC

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) has several functions and responsibilities, which include:

  1. Recruitment: The UPSC is responsible for the recruitment of candidates to various civil services and posts under the central government, such as the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), the Indian Police Service (IPS), and the Indian Forest Service (IFoS). The Commission conducts exams such as the Civil Services Examination (CSE) and Indian Forest Service Examination (IFoS) to select eligible candidates for these positions.
  2. Appointments: The Commission also conducts exams for other positions, such as the Indian Economic Service (IES) and Indian Statistical Service (ISS), and is responsible for the appointment of Joint Secretaries to the Government of India in various Ministries.
  3. Conducting Examinations: The UPSC conducts several examinations, including the Civil Services Examination (CSE), Indian Forest Service Examination (IFoS), and Indian Economic Service/Indian Statistical Service Examination (IES/ISS) to recruit candidates for various posts under the central government.
  4. Advising the government: The Commission also advises the government on matters related to recruitment, promotions, and disciplinary action involving civil servants.
  5. The recruitment process for All India Services: Commission conducts the recruitment process for All India Services like IAS, IPS, IFS etc through Civil Services Examination and Indian Forest Service Examination
  6. The recruitment process for Group A and Group B Central Services: it conducts the recruitment process for group A and group B central services like Indian Economic Service, Indian Statistical Service etc

Overall, the UPSC plays a crucial role in the recruitment and appointment of candidates to various civil services and posts under the central government of India.

What Are The Different UPSC Exams?

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conducts several examinations to recruit candidates for various civil services and posts under the central government of India.

Some of the main examinations conducted by the UPSC include:

  1. Civil Services Examination (CSE) – This is one of the most prestigious and competitive examinations in India. It is held annually and is used to select candidates for the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Police Service (IPS), and Indian Forest Service (IFoS), among other services.
  2. Indian Forest Service Examination (IFoS) – The Indian Forest Service Examination is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) in conjunction with the Civil Services Examination (CSE) for the recruitment of candidates for the Indian Forest Service (IFoS). The examination consists of two stages: the preliminary examination and the main examination. The preliminary examination tests candidates on general knowledge and aptitude, while the main examination tests candidates on their specialized subject knowledge. Candidates who clear the main examination are then called for an interview.
  3. Combined Defence Services Examination (CDS) – The Combined Defence Services Examination is conducted twice a year by the UPSC for the recruitment of candidates for the Indian Military Academy, Indian Navy, and Indian Air Force. The examination consists of two papers: an objective-type paper on general knowledge and an objective-type paper on English. Candidates who clear the examination are then called for an interview.
  4. Engineering Services Examination (ESE) – The Engineering Services Examination is conducted by the UPSC annually for the recruitment of engineers for various technical posts under the central government. The examination consists of two stages: the preliminary examination and the main examination. The preliminary examination tests candidates on general knowledge and aptitude, while the main examination tests candidates on their specialized subject knowledge. Candidates who clear the main examination are then called for an interview.
  5. National Defence Academy Examination (NDA) – The National Defence Academy Examination is conducted twice a year by the UPSC for the recruitment of candidates for the Army, Navy, and Air Force wings of the National Defence Academy (NDA). The examination consists of two papers: an objective-type paper on mathematics and an objective-type paper on general knowledge. Candidates who clear the examination are then called for an interview.
  6. Naval Academy Examination (NA) – The Naval Academy Examination is conducted by the UPSC for the recruitment of candidates for the Indian Navy and Indian Coast Guard. The examination consists of two papers: an objective-type paper on mathematics and an objective-type paper on general knowledge. Candidates who clear the examination are then called for an interview.
  7. Combined Medical Services Examination (CMS) – The Combined Medical Services Examination is conducted by the UPSC annually for the recruitment of candidates for various medical posts under the central government. The examination consists of two papers: an objective-type paper on general medicine and surgery and an objective-type paper on paediatrics, preventive and social medicine
  8. Special Class Railway Apprentice (SCRA) – The Special Class Railway Apprentice Examination is conducted by the UPSC for the recruitment of candidates for the Indian Railway Traffic Service and the Indian Railway Accounts Service. The examination consists of two papers: an objective-type paper on general knowledge and an objective-type paper on mathematics
  9. Indian Economic Service/Indian Statistical Service Examination (IES/ISS) – These examinations are held annually by UPSC to select candidates for the Indian Economic Service (IES) and Indian Statistical Service (ISS). The examination consists of a written test and an interview.
  10. Combined Geoscientist and Geologist Examination – This examination is conducted by the UPSC for the recruitment of candidates for the posts of Geologist, Geophysicist and Chemist in the Geological Survey of India and the Central Ground Water Board. The examination consists of a written test, an interview and fieldwork.
  11. Central Armed Police Forces (Assistant Commandant) – This examination is conducted by the UPSC for the recruitment of Assistant Commandant in various Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF) such as BSF, CRPF, CISF, ITBP and SSB. The examination consists of a written test and an interview.

Each of the above exams has different eligibility criteria, age limits and educational qualifications, depending on the position applied for.

Different Types Of Services Under UPSC

The Indian Civil Services are split into two categories, designated Group A and Group B respectively. Both of the organisations have been given the go-light.

Many of the students who are enrolled in UPSC are unaware of the distinctions that exist between Group A and Group B in the organisation.

Here are some of the popular services under UPSC

Indian Administrative Service (IAS)

The Indian Administrative Service (IAS) is a highly prestigious and coveted service under the All India Services of the Government of India.

IAS officers are considered to be the backbone of the Indian Administrative machinery and are responsible for the implementation of government policies and programs at the district, state and national levels.

To become an IAS officer, candidates must clear the Civil Services Examination (CSE) conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC).

This is a highly competitive examination, and candidates must have a good educational background and strong analytical, problem-solving and decision-making skills to be successful.

Once selected, IAS officers undergo a rigorous training program that includes both academic and field training.

The training program is conducted at the Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration in Mussoorie, where IAS officers are trained in various aspects of administration, including public administration, personnel management, finance and budgeting, among others.

After completing the training, IAS officers are posted to various locations across the country and are usually given a wide range of responsibilities such as district administration, revenue collection, disaster management, public welfare schemes and more.

They are also expected to work towards the development of their respective areas and improving the living conditions of people living there.

In the higher ranks of their service, they are expected to take policy decisions and head different departments, state secretariat and in some cases even at the central level.

They also play a key role in law and order maintenance, and the electoral process and also acts as a representative of the Government in the district they are posted.

Indian Police Service (IPS)

The Indian Police Service (IPS) is a service under the All India Services of the Government of India.

The main responsibility of the IPS is to serve as the police force for maintaining law and order in the country.

IPS officers are responsible for enforcing the laws of the land and protecting the rights of citizens. They play a vital role in maintaining peace and security in society and are also responsible for preventing and investigating crime.

To become an IPS officer, candidates must clear the Civil Services Examination (CSE) conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC).

This is a highly competitive examination, and candidates must have a good educational background and strong analytical, problem-solving and decision-making skills to be successful.

Once selected, IPS officers undergo a rigorous training program that includes both academic and physical training.

The training program is conducted at the Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel National Police Academy in Hyderabad, where IPS officers are trained in various aspects of policing, including criminal law, forensic science, human rights, and cybercrime, among others.

After completing the training, IPS officers are posted to various locations across the country, and they typically work in various capacities such as Superintendent of Police (SP) or Deputy Superintendent of Police (DSP) before they can become Inspector General of police(IGP) or a Director General of Police (DGP) in their states or in central services.

IPS officers play a vital role in maintaining Law and Order across the nation and upholding the rights of citizens in a Democratic nation.

Indian Revenue Service (IRS)

The Indian Revenue Service (IRS) is a service under the Government of India, responsible for implementing and enforcing the country’s tax laws and regulations.

IRS officers are responsible for assessing, collecting and enforcing taxes on individuals and organizations. They work in the Department of Revenue, Ministry of Finance and are assigned to the Indian Revenue Service (Income Tax) and Indian Customs and Central Excise Service.

Indian Defence Service (IDS)

Indian Defense Services refers to the various branches of the Indian Armed Forces, which include the Indian Army, Indian Navy, and Indian Air Force.

These services are responsible for defending the country from external aggression, maintaining peace and security within the country, and protecting India’s maritime and air borders.

The Indian Army is responsible for land-based operations and is the largest component of the Indian Armed Forces.

It is responsible for the defence of the country’s land borders, and also participates in peacekeeping and humanitarian operations around the world.

The Indian Navy is responsible for maintaining the country’s maritime borders and safeguarding India’s maritime interests.

It is also responsible for the protection of India’s offshore oil and natural gas rigs, and for the evacuation of Indian citizens from crisis-affected areas.

The Indian Air Force is responsible for maintaining the country’s air borders and ensuring air defence. It also provides air support to the Indian Army and Indian Navy and is involved in search and rescue, reconnaissance, and transport operations.

To become an officer in Indian Defense Service, candidates must clear the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conducted examinations specifically for the respective service. National Defense Academy (NDA) and Indian Military Academy (IMA) are the two most common entry points to becoming an officer in the Indian Defense Services.

After selection, officer candidates have to go through rigorous and specialized training that is imparted in various institutions such as Indian Military Academy (IMA), Indian Naval Academy (INA) and Air force Academy (AFA).

Indian Forest Service (IFoS)

The Indian Forest Service (IFoS) is a service under the Government of India that is responsible for the management, conservation and protection of the country’s forests, wildlife and biodiversity.

The IFoS officers are responsible for implementing the policies and programs of the government related to forests, wildlife and the environment.

They also play an important role in protecting and preserving the country’s natural resources, managing protected areas and wildlife sanctuaries, and enforcing laws related to forests and wildlife.

To become an IFoS officer, candidates must clear the Civil Services Examination (CSE) conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). This is a highly competitive examination and requires the candidate to have a good educational background and an interest in environmental issues.

Once selected, IFoS officers undergo a rigorous training program that includes both academic and field training. The training program is conducted at the Indira Gandhi National Forest Academy in Dehradun, where IFoS officers are trained in various aspects of forestry, wildlife management, and conservation.

After completing the training, IFoS officers are posted to various locations across the country, and they typically work in various capacities such as Conservator of Forests, District Forest Officer, Chief Conservator of Forests, and Principal Chief Conservator of Forests before they can become Director General of Forests & Special Secretary to Government.

IFoS officers play an important role in balancing the economic, social and ecological aspects of forest and wildlife management, and contribute to the sustainable development of the country. 

These are some of the main services that are recruited through the UPSC.

There are other services as well, as per the requirement of the Government of India. We will read about them in detail further in the Article. 

The table contains all of the information that somebody would need to identify the differences between Group A and Group B in the UPSC examinations.

Group A Services  Group B Services
Border Roads Engineering Services (BRES) Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Services
Border Security Force (BSF) Botanical Survey of India
Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) Central Electrical Engineering Service
Border Security Force Health Service (BSFHS) Central Engineering Service
Central Architects Service (CAS) Central Excise Service
Central Engineering (Civil) Service (CES (Civil)) Central Health Service
Central Engineering (Electrical and Mechanical) Service (CES (E&M)) Central Power Engineering Service
Central Engineering Service (Roads) (CES (Roads)) Central Secretariat Official Language Service
Central Geological Service (CGS) Central Secretariat Service (Section and Assistant Section Officers Grade only)
Central Health Service (CHS) Customs Appraisers Service (Principal Appraisers and Head Appraisers)
Central Industrial Security Force (CISF) Customs Preventive Service (Chief Inspectors)
Central Labour Service (CLS) Defense Secretariat Service
Central Power Engineering Service (CPES) DANICS
Central Reserve Police Health Service (CRPHS) DANIPS
Central Secretariat Service (CSS) Geological Survey of India
Central Water Engineering Service (CWES) Indian Foreign Service (General Cadre, Grade I and General Cadre, Grade II only)
Defence Aeronautical Quality Assurance Service (DAQAS) Indian Posts and Telegraphs Accounts and Finance Service, Telecommunication Wing.
Defense Quality Assurance Service (DQAS) Indian Posts & Telegraphs Accounts & Finance Service, Postal Wing
Defense Research & Development Service (DRDS) Income Tax Service
Geological Survey of India Chemical Service (GSICS) Indian Salt Service
Geological Survey of India Engineering Service (GSIES) India Meteorological Service
Geological Survey of India Geophysical Service (GSIGS) Survey of India
Indian Audits and Accounts Service (IA&AS) Postal Superintendents’ Service
Indian Civil Accounts Service (ICAS) Postmasters’ Service
Indian Corporate Law Service (ICLS) Railway Board Secretariat Service (SO and ASO only)
Indian Cost Accounts Service (ICoAS) Telecommunication Engineering Service
Indian Defense Accounts Service (IDAS) Telegraphs Traffic Service
Indian Defence Estates Service (IDES) Zoological Survey of India  
Indian Defense Service of Engineers (IDSE)  
Indian Economic Service (IES)  
Indian Engineering Services (IES)  
Indian Enterprise Development Service (IEDS)  
Indian Foreign Service (IFS)  
Indian Information Service (IIS)  
Indian Inspection Service (IIS)  
Indian Legal Service (ILS)- General Central Service (GCS)  
Indian Meteorological Service (IMS)  
Indian Ordnance Factories Service (IOFS)  
Indian Ordnance Factories Health Service (IOFHS)  
Indian Petroleum and Explosives Safety Service (IPESS)  
Indian Postal Service (IPoS)  
Indian Naval Material Management Service (INMMS)  
Indian Radio Regulatory Service (IRRS)  
Indian Railway Accounts Service (IRAS)  
Indian Railway Medical Services (IRMS)  
Indian Railway Personnel Service (IRPS)  
Indian Railway Service of Electrical Engineers (IRSEE)  
Indian Railway Service of Mechanical Engineers (IRSME)  
Indian Railway Service of Signal Engineers (IRSSE)  
Indian Railway Stores Service (IRSS)  
Indian Railway Service of Engineers (IRSE)  
Indian Posts and Telegraphs Accounts and Finance Service (IP&TAFS)  
Indian Railway Traffic Service (IRTS)  
Indian Revenue Service (IRS-IT / C&CE)  
Indian Skill Development Service (ISDS)  
Indian Statistical Service (ISS)  
Indian Supply Service (ISS)  
Indian Telecommunication Service (ITS)  
Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP)  
Indo-Tibetan Border Police Health Service (ITBPHS)  
Indian Trade Service (ITrS)  
Railway Protection Force (RPF)  
Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB)  
Survey of India Service (SIS)  
Agricultural Research Service(ARS)  
Indian Petroleum and Explosives Safety Service (IPESS)  

Below is an in-depth understanding of all the services from Group A and Group B

Group A Services 

Border Roads Engineering Services (BRES)

Border Roads Engineering Services (BRES) is a specialized engineering organization in India that is responsible for the construction and maintenance of roads and bridges in border areas of the country.

It is a part of the Border Roads Organisation (BRO), which is under the administrative control of the Ministry of Defence.

Border Security Force (BSF)

The Border Security Force (BSF) is a paramilitary force in India that is responsible for maintaining security along India’s land borders, as well as its coastal and riverine areas.

It was formed on December 1, 1965, and is one of the five Central Armed Police Forces of India. The BSF is under the administrative control of the Ministry of Home Affairs.

Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF)

The Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) is a paramilitary force in India that is primarily responsible for maintaining law and order and internal security.

It is the largest Central Armed Police Force (CAPF) in India and is under the administrative control of the Ministry of Home Affairs.

Border Security Force Health Service (BSFHS)

The Border Security Force Health Service (BSFHS) is the medical wing of the Border Security Force (BSF) in India. It is responsible for providing medical care to BSF personnel and their families, as well as to the local population in border areas.

The BSFHS is headed by a Director General who is a senior medical officer of the Indian Medical Service (IMS) and is under the administrative control of the Director General of BSF.

Central Architects Service (CAS)

Central Architects Service (CAS) is a part of the Indian government’s bureaucracy that comes under the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs.

CAS is responsible for providing architectural and planning services to various government departments and agencies in India.

It also acts as a consultant to various state governments, public sector undertakings, autonomous bodies and local self-government institutions in the country.

Central Engineering (Civil) Service (CES (Civil))

The Central Engineering (Civil) Service (CES (Civil)) is a branch of the Indian Engineering Service (IES) that is responsible for providing engineering and technical services to various government departments and agencies in India.

CES (Civil) officers work on a wide range of projects, including infrastructure development, construction, and maintenance of government buildings, housing complexes, and other structures.

They are responsible for ensuring that all projects are completed on time, within budget, and to the highest standards of quality.

Central Engineering (Electrical and Mechanical) Service (CES (E&M))

The Central Engineering (Electrical and Mechanical) Service (CES (E&M)) is a branch of the Indian Engineering Service (IES) that is responsible for providing engineering and technical services to various government departments and agencies in India, specifically in the fields of electrical and mechanical engineering.

CES (E&M) officers work on a wide range of projects, including infrastructure development, construction, and maintenance of government buildings, housing complexes, and other structures, specifically related to electrical and mechanical systems.

They are responsible for ensuring that all projects are completed on time, within budget, and to the highest standards of quality.

Central Engineering Service (Roads) (CES (Roads))

The Central Engineering Service (Roads) (CES (Roads)) is a branch of the Indian Engineering Service (IES) that is responsible for providing engineering and technical services to various government departments and agencies in India, specifically in the field of road engineering.

CES (Roads) officers work on a wide range of projects, including the construction and maintenance of national highways, state highways, and rural roads, as well as traffic engineering and transport planning.

They are responsible for ensuring that all projects are completed on time, within budget, and to the highest standards of quality and safety.

Central Geological Service (CGS)

In September 2010, the geology stream of the Geological Survey of India (GSI), was constituted as ‘Central Geological Service’ and commonly referred to as Central Geological Service (CGS) (केन्द्रीय भूवैज्ञानिक सेवा).

The Central Geological Service (CGS) is one of the central natural resource services which is part of the executive branch of the Government of India.

The Central Geological Service (formerly Geology stream of GSI) was constituted as an Organized Group ‘A’ Gazetted Service as per DOPT OM No. I-11019/12/2008-CRD dated 19/11/2009 by the Cadre Controlling Authorities.

Central Health Service (CHS)

1959 saw the CHS Rules. However, CHS Rules, 1963 established the Central Health Service. It was created to oversee Central Government, Union Territories, and other medical posts.

The CHS was founded in 1963 and reformed in 1982 to supply medical staff to the Directorate General of Health Services (Dte. GHS), Central Government Health Service (CGHS), Government of National Capital Territory (GNCT) of Delhi, Ministry of Labour, Department of Posts, etc. ESIC, NDMC, MCD, and the state governments of Himachal Pradesh, Manipur, Tripura, Goa, and others have developed their own cadres since inception.

JIPMER, Puducherry, became an autonomous organisation on June 14, 2008.

The Delhi Health Service (DHS) for non-teaching and General Duty Medical Officers (GDMO) doctors, created by the NCT of Delhi, has also left the CHS cadre. CGHS has also expanded.

Central Industrial Security Force (CISF)

Three battalions formed the Central Industrial Security Force in 1969 to offer integrated security to important public sector businesses.

The 1,63,590-person army is now a top multi-skilled organisation. CISF protects 353 facilities nationwide. The CISF Fire Wing serves 104 of the above establishments.

Nuclear, space, airport, seaport, and power plant facilities are protected by the CISF. The CISF guards government buildings, heritage sites, and the Delhi Metro. VIP Security, a CISF vertical, protects VIPs 24/7.

Central Labour Service (CLS)

The Central Labour Service cadre is one of the Government of India’s Organized Group ‘A’ Central Civil Services. It was made when the Labour Officers, the Central Industrial Relations Machinery, and the Welfare Organisation of the Ministry of Labour all joined together in February 1987.

Central Power Engineering Service (CPES)

Central Power Engineering Service (CPES) was made official in 1965. It is a Group-A and Group-B Central Engineering Service that is run by the Ministry of Power (MoP).

The only organised service run by the Ministry of Power is the CPES.

It talks about the Indian power sector, which is one of the most complicated and diverse in the world because India has so many different types of land, climates, and natural resources. 

Central Reserve Police Health Service (CRPHS)

Central Reserve Police Health Service (CRPHS) is the medical wing of the Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) in India. It is responsible for providing medical care to CRPF personnel and their families, as well as to the local population in areas where the CRPF is deployed.

Central Secretariat Service (CSS)

The Central Secretariat Service is the administrative civil service in Group A and Group B of the Central Civil Services in the executive branch of the Government of India.

Article 309 of the Constitution of India gives the Central Secretariat Service Rules of 1962 the power to set rules for them.

Central Water Engineering Service (CWES)

CWES is the only organised central government Group “A” service that works in the water sector. The main reason why CWES was created was to help the different parts of the Government of India (GOI) that work on developing water resources do their jobs well.

Defence Aeronautical Quality Assurance Service (DAQAS)

DGAQA is the Regulatory Authority under the Department of Defence Production, Ministry of Defence for Quality Assurance and Final Acceptance of Military aircraft, Associated Accessories/Stores including Air Armaments & Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) during Design, Development, Production, Repair, Overhaul, and Upgrading.

Defense Quality Assurance Service (DQAS)

Defence Quality Assurance Services (DQAS) is a department under the Ministry of Defence in India that is responsible for ensuring the quality of defence-related products and services procured by the Indian armed forces.

The DQAS is responsible for the inspection, testing, and quality assurance of all defence-related products, including military equipment, ammunition, and other items procured by the Indian armed forces.

Defense Research & Development Service (DRDS)

Defense Research & Development Service (DRDS) is a Central Group ‘A’ Civil Service of the Government of India (in Hindi: रक्षा अनुसंधान एवं विकास सेवा).

Scientists at DRDS are Group A Gazetted officers in the Ministry of Defence. They are in charge of making new technologies and military equipment for India’s security and defence forces.

Indian Audits and Accounts Service (IA&AS)

The Indian Audits and Accounts Service (IA&AS) is a civil service in India that is responsible for the auditing and accounting functions of the government.

IA&AS officers are responsible for auditing the accounts of various government departments, organizations and public sector enterprises, and for ensuring that they comply with financial laws and regulations.

They also provide advice on financial and accounting matters and assist with the preparation of the government’s budget.

Indian Civil Accounts Service (ICAS)

ICAS stands for the Indian Cost Accounts Service, which is a Group “A” Central Civil Service run by the Government of India’s Ministry of Corporate Affairs.

ICA’s main job is to help the government come up with policies and plans for figuring out how much things cost and setting prices for goods and services made by both public and private companies.

Indian Corporate Law Service (ICLS)

The Indian Corporate Law Service (ICLS) is a group of legal professionals in India who work in the field of corporate law.

They are responsible for advising and representing the Government of India on matters related to corporate law and policy.

The ICLS is a part of the Indian Legal Service, which is one of the three All-India Services of the Government of India.

The officers of ICLS are recruited through the Civil Services Examination conducted by Union Public Service Commission (UPSC).

They are appointed as Assistant Secretaries in the Ministry of Corporate Affairs and later promoted to higher positions within the Ministry, as well as other organizations under the Ministry, such as the Registrar of Companies, the National Company Law Tribunal, and the National Financial Reporting Authority.

Their main responsibility is to provide legal guidance to the Ministry of Corporate Affairs and other government organizations on matters related to corporate law and policy.

They also assist in drafting and amending legislation, regulations, and rules related to companies and corporate governance, and they represent the government in legal proceedings related to corporate law.

Indian Cost Accounts Service (ICoAS)

Only professional accountants, either Cost or Chartered Accountants, are employed by the Indian Cost Accounts Service (ICoAS).

“Advice to Ministries and Government Undertakings on Cost Accounts concerns and attending to Cost Investigation work on their behalf” is a line item in the business allocation plan.

Indian Defense Accounts Service (IDAS)

The Indian Defence Accounts Service is a branch of the Central Group ‘A’ Civil Service of the Republic of India. Its mission is to offer Financial Advice, Payment, Accounts, and Audit services to the Indian Armed Forces and their supporting organisations.

Indian Defence Estates Service (IDES)

A branch of the Indian Civil Service, the Indian Defence Estates Service deals with military property.

The Department of Defense is responsible for controlling the organization’s cadre. The Union Public Service Commission’s annual Civil Services Examination is the entry point for this service.

Indian Defense Service of Engineers (IDSE)

The IDSE is the engineering arm of the Indian armed forces. The Union Public Service Commission selects engineers through the Indian Engineering Services examination (UPSC).

Indian Economic Service (IES)

The Indian Economic Service (IES, I.E.S.) is a central civil service within Group A[3] of the executive arm of the Government of India that spans both the economic and finance ministries.

This service is one of a kind because its cadre positions are dispersed among more than 55 different federal agencies. It’s a highly trained and qualified group of experts within the Indian government who provide economic research and policy recommendations.

Indian Engineering Services (IES)

The Indian Engineering Services (IES) are a group of services that cater to the technical and managerial functions of the government of India, in the field of engineering. These services are known for their high standards and quality of work.

They are responsible for designing, planning, constructing and maintenance of a wide range of engineering projects in the fields of power, transportation, water resources, and telecommunications, among others.

Indian Enterprise Development Service (IEDS)

Indian Enterprise Development Service (IEDS) is a division of the Indian Administrative Service (IAS) that is responsible for promoting and supporting small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in India.

The IEDS works to create a conducive environment for the growth of SMEs by providing them with access to finance, markets, and technology.

The division also works to develop the capacity of SMEs through training and skill development programs and to create an enabling policy environment for the sector.

Indian Foreign Service (IFS)

The Indian Foreign Service (IFS) is a diplomatic service under the Government of India, responsible for representing India in its bilateral and multilateral relations with other countries and international organizations.

IFS officers are responsible for promoting India’s interests abroad and maintaining diplomatic relations with other countries. They represent India in a wide range of functions including trade, culture, press, education and politics.

Indian Information Service (IIS)

The Indian Information Service (IIS) is a group A service of the Government of India’s Ministry of Information and Broadcasting.

It is responsible for the dissemination of information to the public through various mediums such as print, electronic and new media.

The officers of this service are responsible for the administration of the official media of the government, such as the Press Information Bureau (PIB), the Directorate of Advertising and Visual Publicity (DAVP), and the Films Division.

They also work in the fields of publicity, public relations, and media management for various government departments and organizations.

The officers of the IIS are trained in mass communication, journalism and public relations and they are responsible for creating and disseminating official communication in various forms such as press releases, speeches, news bulletins, etc. 

Indian Legal Service (ILS)- General Central Service (GCS)

Since 1956, legal practitioners in India have been able to join the central government through the Indian Legal Service. Typically, the Union Public Service Commission holds exams to appoint its officers (UPSC). 

Indian Meteorological Service (IMS)

The mission of the Indian Meteorological Society (IMS) is to “promote the advancement of meteorological and allied sciences in all their aspects; to disseminate related knowledge among both the scientific community and the general public; and to promote the application of meteorology and allied sciences for a wide range of socio-economic benefits.”

To accomplish its goals, IMS sponsors and promotes research efforts, hosts lectures, meetings, symposia, discussions, etc., and publishes relevant pamphlets, books, magazines, brochures, etc. Its members will receive no benefits from the organization’s earnings or assets.

Indian Ordnance Factories Service (IOFS)

The Government of India employs civilians in the Indian Ordnance Factories Service. Officers in the IOFS are Ministry of Defense Gazetted civilian defence personnel.

They manage the Indian Ordnance Factories, which make up India’s domestic defence production infrastructure.

Indian Ordnance Factories Health Service (IOFHS)

Ofb has its own medical team, the Indian Ordnance Factories Health Service, consisting of surgeons and physicians (IOFHS).

Hospital and staff health in OFB is the responsibility of the IOFHS officers. The IOFS officers are their immediate superiors.

Indian Petroleum and Explosives Safety Service (IPESS)

Petroleum And Explosives Safety Organisation (PESO) is a department formed by the Government of India under the Department for the Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry, to administer the Explosives Act 1884, Explosive Substance Act, Petroleum (Production) Act 1934, Inflammable substance Act 1952 and Environment Protection Act 1986 to control the import, export, transport, storage and usage of explosive materials, flammable materials, pressure vessels, cryogenic vessels, design and installation of all necessary and relevant infrastructure etc.

PESO is a regulatory authority having autonomous status. The Department is led by the Chief Controller of Explosives and is based at Nagpur in the State of Maharashtra in India.

The authority developed numerous laws like Petroleum Rules 2002, Explosive Rules 2008, Gas Cylinder Rules 2002, Static & Mobile Pressure Vessels (Unfired) 2016, Ammonium Nitrate Rules, Calcium Carbide Rules 1987, Cinematographic Films Rules, 1948 etc.

Indian Postal Service (IPoS)

One of the Indian Civil Services that fall under the category of Group ‘A’ is the Indian Postal Service.

They are in charge of running ‘India Post,’ which is the largest postal network in the world and provides services ranging from traditional postal services to banking and e-commerce services.

These services can be accessed through India Post. In addition to this, it offers services that are not of a commercial nature, such as the distribution of old-age pensions and MGNREGA payments.

Officers belonging to the IPoS cadre are considered to be of a higher degree within India’s postal service structure.

The Ministry of Communications under the Government of India is the organisation in charge of controlling the cadre for this service.

This article will provide information on the various grades, pay scales, and career advancement opportunities available in the Indian Postal Service.

Indian Posts and Telegraphs Accounts and Finance Service (IP&TAFS)

Founded in 1973, the Indian Post & Telecommunication Accounts and Finance Service (IP&TAFS) is a Group ‘A’ service responsible for managing the country’s postal and telecommunications finances.

The Indian government’s postal service and telecommunications agency also benefit from this service. The previous name of this service has been changed to Indian Communication Finance Service (ICFS).

Aspirants to the IAS exam will benefit from this article because it details the education requirements, duties, and potential advancement in the IP&TAFS Group ‘A’ Civil Service.

Indian Naval Armament Service (INAS)

The Indian Naval Academy (INAS) is a branch of the Indian government’s elite Group-A and organised cadre service.

The President is in charge of making appointments, and the Ministry of Defense is in charge of managing the ranks of military personnel.

It wasn’t until the 1966 UPSC Engineering Services Exams that the first officers of INAS were enlisted.

A Bachelor of Engineering or a Bachelor of Technology in Mechanical, Electronics, or Electrical Engineering is the minimum requirement for joining the INAS cadre.

The Director-General of Naval Armament (DGONA) holds a position analogous to that of the HAG at this completely civilian agency (Level-15).

Under the Indian Navy’s staff branch 1, the DGONA reports to the Vice Chief of Naval Services (VCNS).

Indian Naval Material Management Service (INMMS)

The projected INMMS would recruit the best talents available and will provide a reservoir of technically skilled Material Managers for handling the Materials Management functions of the Indian Navy.

Indian Radio Regulatory Service (IRRS)

Among the central government recruit engineers in the Wireless Planning & Coordination Wing (WPC) and Wireless Monitoring Organisation (WMO) is the Indian Radio Regulatory Service (IRRS), which is made up of Group ‘A’ officers.

Indian Railway Accounts Service (IRAS)

Successful candidates of the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) civil services examination may be offered a position in the Indian Railway Accounts Service (IRAS), a Group ‘A’ civil service.

The government typically appoints between 25 and 30 officers annually. As such, the Indian Railways relies on the expertise of its IRAS personnel to keep its books in order and manage its money.

Indian Railway Medical Services (IRMS)

There is a centralised organisation in India called the Indian Railway Health Service (IRHS).

A branch of the Indian government’s Ministry of Railways staffed by medical professionals selected by the Combined Medical Services Examination administered by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC).

Indian Railways Personnel Service (IRPS)

The Indian Railway Personnel Service (IRPS) is a cadre of the Central Civil Service that is regarded as being of the highest importance and belongs to the prestigious Group ‘A’.

It is the responsibility of the central civil servants who make up this department to manage the Human Resources of the Indian Railways as well as the welfare of railway personnel and the families of those employees.

There are around 1.4 million people employed in the railway industry. It is the only civil service in India of its sort, and it produces a cadre of central civil employees who are experts in the management of human resources for the government of India.

After the cadre reorganisation instructions were issued on March 9, 2019, the total sanctioned strength of the service has been updated to “478.”

Indian Railway Service of Engineers (IRSE)

The Indian Railway Service of Engineers (IRSE) cadre is responsible for the country’s oldest service, the Civil Engineering department. Track, bridges, buildings, roads, water supply, property, etc., are all examples of fixed assets that fall within the purview of this personnel, who are tasked with ensuring their upkeep by the Indian Railways.

Indian Railway Service of Electrical Engineers (IRSEE)

The Indian Railway Service of Electrical Engineers (IRSEE) is a prestigious group A central engineering services of the Indian railways.

The officers of this service are responsible for managing the Electrical Engineering organisation of the Indian Railways.

Indian Railway Service of Mechanical Engineers (IRSME)

Mechanical engineers in India can join the Indian Railway Service of Mechanical Engineering (IRSME), one of the core engineering services in the country’s elite Group ‘A’ category.

Those in this service are in charge of the Indian Railways’ Mechanical Engineering Department. IRSME officials were selected by the Union Public Service Commission’s Combined Engineering Service Examination (ESE) up until 2019.

The President of India has the only authority to appoint individuals to positions in Group ‘A’ services.

Indian Railway Service of Signal Engineers (IRSSE)

Group ‘A’ service on Indian Railways includes the illustrious Indian Railway Service of Signal Engineers (IRSSE). When it comes to the Indian Railways’ Signal and Telecommunication (S&T) department, the officers of the IRSSE cadre are in charge of the administrative, technical, and management aspects of the job.

Indian Railway Stores Service (IRSS)

The Indian Railways Stores Service (IRSS) is one of the nine organised services that the Indian Railways provide.

The Indian Railway Supply System (IRSS) cadre is in charge of the company’s asset forecasting, planning, procurement, logistics management, and storage.

Indian Railway Traffic Service (IRTS)

If you pass the UPSC Civil Services Exam, you may apply for a position in the Indian Railway Traffic Service (IRTS), which is a Group ‘A’ service.

The transportation division of the Indian Railways is primarily managed by this cadre of employees. It is this department’s job to bring in money for the railroad.

This position is highly sought after as it belongs to the elite Group “A” of the Civil Service.

The Traffic Service is divided into two main branches: Operations and Commercial.

Indian Revenue Service (IRS-IT / C&CE)

As a branch of the Indian Government’s central civil service, the Indian Revenue Service (Customs & Central Excise) (IAST: Bhratya Rjasva Sev), often known as I.R.S. (C&CE) or IRS C&IT, goes by a variety of abbreviations.

Indian Skill Development Service (ISDS)

The Indian Skill Development Services or ‘ISDS’ is one of the gazetted Central Civil Services (technical) under Group ‘A’ of the executive branch of the Government of India.

It’s is newest Central service. This service is created for the training directorate of the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship.

Indian Statistical Service (ISS)

The Indian Economic Service along with Indian Statistical Service is the administrative inter-ministerial civil service under Group A of the Central Civil Services of the executive branch of the Government of India.

The Indian Economic Service was introduced for formulating and implementing economic policies and programmes in India.

With the initiation of large-scale economic reforms in 1991 and the proliferation of the regulatory role of the government, such analysis and advice within the domain of the service have increased manifold. For Indian Statistical Service, all statistical posts of different ministries and departments were pooled together in the initial constitution of the ˀservice.

Indian Telecommunication Service (ITS)

The Indian Telecommunications Service (ITS) is a technical Central Civil Service in India’s executive department. It was formerly known as the “Telegraph Engineering Service Class I” (TES Class I). Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) of India holds an annual Combined Engineering Services Exam for the purpose of making appointments to this service.

The service was established to provide for the government’s demand for technological management in the telecommunications sector.

Officers of this permanent cadre, the Indian Telecommunications Service, had governed the Department of Telecommunications (DOT) for years (ITS).

ITS officers are bound by the regulations outlined in the Central Civil Services (Conduct) guidelines in their daily job.

Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP)

On October 24, 1962, the Indo-Tibetan Border Police was established to restructure the border intelligence and security infrastructure between India and Tibet.

At first, only four battalions were approved. Originally, funding for ITBP came from the CRPF Act. 

Indian Trade Service (ITrS)

Following successful completion of the UPSC civil services examination, qualified individuals may enter the Indian Trade Service (ITS), a Group ‘A’ central service.

The first year of ITS service was 1977. When it comes to international trade, India’s DGFT is in charge (ITS). The Ministry of Commerce and Industry is home to the Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT).

The ITS’s primary responsibility is managing India’s international commercial activities.

Railway Protection Force (RPF)

The Railway Protection Force (RPF) is a security force of the Government of India that is responsible for protecting railway passengers, passenger areas and railway property of the Indian Railways.

It was set up in 1957 under the Ministry of Railways. RPF is also responsible for maintaining law and order in railway premises and also to prevent crimes such as robbery, theft, chain-snatching, and smuggling on trains and railway stations.

RPF personnel are also deputed for security during special trains and events. RPF also have their own hospital called RPF Hospital which is responsible for providing medical care to RPF personnel and their families.

Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB)

The Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB) is a border guarding force under the Union Ministry of Home Affairs of the Government of India.

It was established in 1963 and is responsible for maintaining law and order and preventing transnational crime along India’s borders with Nepal and Bhutan.

The SSB is also responsible for providing security to vital installations and infrastructure and for assisting in the maintenance of essential services in border areas.

It also plays a role in disaster management and counter-insurgency operations. The SSB also runs schools, hospitals, and other welfare organizations for the benefit of border communities.

Survey of India Service (SIS)

The Survey of India Service (SIS) is a civil service under the Union Ministry of Science and Technology of the Government of India.

It is the cadre of officers who work for the Survey of India, the national survey and mapping organization of the country.

The SIS is responsible for surveying and mapping the country’s natural and man-made features, producing and publishing maps, and providing geodetic and cartographic services to various government agencies, private organizations and the general public.

The SIS also provides technical advice and support in the field of geomatics and geoinformatics and plays a key role in the development of national policies related to mapping and surveying.

Agricultural Research Service(ARS)

Agriculture Research Services (ARS) is the Natural Resource services under the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR), an organisation under the Department of Agricultural Research and Education (DARE), Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India.

Indian Petroleum and Explosives Safety Service (IPESS)

The Government of India established the Petroleum and Explosives Safety Organisation (PESO) as a sub-department of the Department for the Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade within the Ministry of Commerce and Industry to administer the Explosives Act 1884, the Explosive Substance Act, the Petroleum (Production) Act 1934, the Inflammable Substances Act 1952, and the Environment Protection Act 1986.

These laws are intended to regulate the import, export, transportation, storage, and use of explosives, and flammable substances, PESO operates independently as a regulatory agency.

The Department’s headquarters are in Nagpur, Maharashtra, India, and are presided over by the Chief Controller of Explosives.

The regulatory body established laws such as the Petroleum Rules of 2002, the Explosive Rules of 2008, the Gas Cylinder Rules of 2002, the Static & Mobile Pressure Vessels (Unfired) Act of 2016, the Ammonium Nitrate Rules of 2016, the Calcium Carbide Rules of 1987, and the Cinematic Films Rules of 1948.

Group B Services 

Here is an in-depth list of some of the popular services that fall under Group B in UPSC

Armed Forces Headquarters Civil Services

Group B services include the civilian staff at AFHQ. Government civilians do administrative tasks at the Army, Navy, and Air Force headquarters, as well as other inter-service groups reporting to the defence ministry.

The UPSC is in charge of administering the exams that determine who gets hired for these positions.

Botanical Survey of India

Institute of Botanical Research, India (BSI), Kolkata, West Bengal, India. It was established on 13 February 1890 and is responsible for collecting and maintaining a germplasm and gene bank of endangered, protected, and sensitive plant species as well as conducting surveys, research, and conservation efforts for India’s plant richness, flora, and endangered species.

Central Electrical Engineering Service

The Central Electrical Engineering Service (CEES) is a category of Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officers in India who are responsible for the administration and management of the country’s power and electricity sector.

CEES officers typically work in the Ministry of Power, state electricity boards, and other organizations involved in the generation, transmission, and distribution of electricity.

They are responsible for ensuring that the country’s power sector is efficient, reliable, and sustainable, and for implementing policies and programs to meet the growing demand for electricity in India.

DANICS

The Indian Administrative Service draws its personnel from this pool. Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands Civil Services, Government of India, is the full form.

The position of Assistant Collector is typically the entry point for newly commissioned officers (District Administration, Delhi).

Administrative duties in Delhi and the other Union Territories fall under the purview of officers in this category.

DANIPS

Police in the NCT of Delhi, the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Lakshadweep, Daman and Diu, and Dadra and Nagar Haveli are together known as DANIPS.

It is the Indian federal police force responsible for maintaining order in Delhi and the other union territories.

Pondicherry Civil Service

The national government is responsible for the administration of the Pondicherry Civil Service and the Pondicherry Police Service.

This is a government job classified as Group B. In order to be considered for these positions, hopefuls must first take and pass the Civil Services Exam.

Pondicherry Police Service

Pondicherry Police Services is the police force responsible for maintaining law and order, preventing crime, and protecting the citizens of the Union Territory of Puducherry (also known as Pondicherry) in India.

The Pondicherry Police Services is headed by the Director General of Police (DGP) and is divided into various units such as the law and order police, the crime branch, the traffic police, the special branch, and the coastal security police.

The Pondicherry Police Services also maintains a special unit known as the Q Branch (Intelligence) to gather and disseminate intelligence related to internal security, law and order and counter-terrorism.

The Pondicherry Police Services works closely with other law enforcement agencies in India and also with the Indian Coast Guard and Indian Navy to ensure the security of the coastal areas.

Exams to enter into armed forces that are administered by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) administers several exams for recruitment into the Indian armed forces, including:

  1. National Defence Academy (NDA): This exam is conducted twice a year for recruitment into the Indian Army, and Navy.
  2. Indian Military Academy (IMA) Examination: This exam is conducted for recruitment into the Indian Army.
  3. Indian Naval Academy (INA) Examination: This exam is conducted for recruitment into the Indian Navy.
  4. Air Force Academy (AFA) Examination: This exam is conducted for recruitment into the Indian Air Force.
  5. Officers Training Academy (OTA) Examination: This exam is conducted for the recruitment of Short Service Commission officers in the Indian Army.

Each of the above exams has different eligibility criteria, age limits and educational qualifications, depending on the position applied for.

Eligibility Criteria For UPSC 2023

The eligibility criteria for appearing for examinations conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) vary depending on the specific service or examination.

However, there are some general criteria that most candidates must meet to be eligible to appear for UPSC examinations:

  1. Nationality: The candidate must be a citizen of India, Nepal, Bhutan, or a Tibetan refugee who came over to India before 1st January 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India.
  2. Age limit: The age limit for various services vary, and is determined by the Government of India from time to time. The general age limit for the Civil Services Examination (CSE) is 21-32 years.
  3. Educational Qualification: The candidate must hold a degree from a recognized university or equivalent.
  4. Number of Attempts: There is also a limit on the number of attempts a candidate can make for the CSE, based on the category the candidate belongs to
  5. Physical Fitness: The candidate should be physically fit as per the physical requirements of the service.

It is always advisable to refer to official notification regarding the eligibility criteria of the specific examination you are going to attempt.

Detailed Summary For The Eligibility 

Age limits, relaxations, and maximum tries for the various categories of the UPSC CSE are as follows:

  1. 32 years old, with six separate tries made at the EWS.
  2. OBC (with certificate): 32 years and three years more, plus nine attempts.
    SC/ST: 32 years + 5 years; unlimited attempts.
  3. Physically Challenged: 32 years plus 10 years; General/Other/Person with Benchmark Disability (EWS category): 9 attempts; Physically Challenged: Unlimited Attempts for SC/ST
  4. Jammu & Kashmir Domicile: 32 years plus 5 years plus (three years if OBC OR five years if SC/ST); the number of attempts is dependent on the reserved category.
  5. Disabled and discharged Personnel in the armed forces: 32 years plus 3 years plus (3 years if general or occupational or 5 years if SC or ST)
  6. Ex-Servicemen Commission Officer: 32 years of age, plus 5 years, plus (three years if OBC, or five years if SC/ST), for a total of 35 years of age.

UPSC Exam Pattern

UPSC Civil Services Exam Pattern for Prelims Exam
Name of the Paper No of Questions Marks Allotted Time Allotted Nature of Exam
Paper I: General Studies (Objective-type) 100 200 2 hours The score will be considered for Cut-off
Paper-II: General Studies-II (CSAT) (Objective-Type) 80 200 2 hours Qualifying Nature- Candidates will have to score 33% to qualify CSAT.
UPSC Civil Services Exam Pattern for Mains Exam
Paper Subject Duration Total marks Nature of paper Type of Paper
Paper A Compulsory Indian language 3 hours 300 Qualifying Descriptive
Paper B English 3 hours 300 Qualifying Descriptive
Paper I Essay 3 hours 250 Merit Descriptive
Paper-II General Studies I 3 hours 250 Merit Descriptive
Paper III General Studies II 3 hours 250 Merit Descriptive
Paper IV General Studies III 3 hours 250 Merit Descriptive
Paper V General Studies IV 3 hours 250 Merit Descriptive
Paper VI Optional I 3 hours 250 Merit Descriptive
Paper VII Optional II 3 hours 250 Merit Descriptive

IAS Exam Pattern for Personality Test

  1. All of the applicants who completed the Main Examination and obtained a score over the Qualifying Mark will move on to the Personality Test.
  2. This would contain the Personal Interview, in addition to the Psychometric Test and the Assessment Test.
  3. The interview is conducted by a panel of knowledgeable and objective observers with the purpose of determining whether or not the candidate possesses the personal qualities necessary for a successful career in public service. The candidate will be questioned on a variety of topics, including those of broad interest.
  4. The candidate’s mental capability will be evaluated through the use of this test.
    In a broader sense, this is an evaluation of not just the intellectual qualities of the candidate but also his social characteristics and his interest in current affairs.

Number of Attempts for UPSC Exam for Any Candidate

  1. 7 attempts are allowed for any candidate applying for the UPSC exam who falls into the general category, the other backward classes category, or the creamy layer.
  2. For applicants who fall into the Scheduled Caste or Scheduled Tribe categories, there is no limit on the number of attempts they can make till they reach the age of 35. The limit for OBC candidates who do not come from a creamy layer is seven.
  3. Candidates who have a seat with OBC, SC, or ST can give the first four attempts as General class competitors (if they so like), and after that, they can profit from the reduction in the number of attempts by availing themselves of the category relaxation.

What is the difference between UPSC and State PSC?

UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) State PSC (State Public Service Commission)
Article 315 of the Indian Constitution says that the UPSC is a constitutional body. Article 315 of the Constitution of India says that All-State PSCs are also constitutional bodies.
India doesn’t have any other parts of the Union Public Service Commission. There is a State Public Service Commission in every Indian state.
The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is made of a chairman and other members. A State Public Service Commission (SPSC) is also made of a chairman and other members.
The members of the UPSC are appointed by the President. The members of the State Commission are appointed by the Governor of the respective state.
The Chairman and members of the Union Public Service Commission are chosen for a six-year term or until they reach 65 years old, whichever comes first. The Chairman and other members of the State Public Service Commission are chosen for a six-year term or until they turn 62.
The UPSC sends the President an annual report with information about all the work it has done. Every year, the State Public Service Commission gives the Governor a report on how it did.

Will Self-Study Be Enough to Pass the UPSC Civil Service Exam?

Some students may not feel comfortable enrolling in a coaching class, in which case they can benefit from doing some independent study.

On the downside, it can be a time-consuming process. Learners have the option of pursuing either independent study or guided instruction. It’s all up to you whether you thrive in a group setting or prefer to study independently at home.

Concepts that are complex or require expert teaching make self-study more difficult. In addition, when the exam time is drawing near, you can’t rely on self-study alone.

It takes a lot of reading, experience, and determination to study on your own. If you can set aside time each day to study, self-study is a viable choice.

The cost is a major distinction between coaching and independent study. When compared to the latter, the former is less costly and more accessible.

It’s more productive and focused on outcomes. Self-study is good for students of all ages because it is flexible in terms of schedule and time commitment and cheap.

Exam Preparation: Why You Need a Winning Game Plan

To do well on a test, you need to use the appropriate method when studying. To guarantee that you are prepared for everything that will be on the exam, you should spend enough time reviewing your notes and outlines.

Keep in mind the things your teacher has stressed during class. Extract the most important information and record it on index cards for easy reference.

If you want to get the most done in the least amount of time, you need to develop a plan to help you stay focused and stay on task.

If you give yourself plenty of time to study, you can arrive at test day with more self-assurance and less anxiety. It is essential to create a timetable in order to maximise your production, which may be greatly aided by proper time management.

Both multiple-choice and essay questions will be included in the exam. The MCQs are designed to assess both your vocabulary and your ability to comprehend what you’ve read.

Your critical thinking, analytical, and interpretive skills will be tested on the essay questions. Underline essential terms as you read the essay questions to help you recall them later.

Exam preparation is essential, so it’s important to choose a method that works for you.

How Should One Leverage Examarly for the IAS/IPS Exam?


Examarly is a comprehensive resource for aspiring UPSC IAS officers, providing information on everything from study guides to the most effective ways to prepare for the exam. The Examarly approach to your achievement is simple.

It begins by gauging how well-versed you already are in the material. Because of this, it will be able to tailor a study schedule to your specific needs, so you’ll never be caught unprepared for an exam.

This is simply the beginning of a larger process that is now underway. As you progress through the course, you will find additional resources to aid with your exam preparation.

Conclusion

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) Civil Service Exam (CSE) is an extremely difficult test that requires much effort on your behalf.

Maintaining enthusiasm and regularity throughout the process of getting ready is crucial.

When preparing for the UPSC Civil Service Exam, a well-thought-out study strategy is necessary. You’ll be able to focus on the task at hand and set aside time for it. Mental effort is required for successful self-study.

Establishing and sticking to a routine is also crucial. You must be cautious to complete your homework within the time frame specified.

You Can Also Check Out Our Blog On All About UPSC Exam: A Comprehensive Guide.

Related FAQs On UPSC

What is the UPSC?

The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is a constitutional body in India that is responsible for conducting recruitment examinations for various posts in the Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Police Service (IPS), and Indian Forest Service (IFS), among others.

How can I apply for the UPSC examinations?

Candidates can apply for UPSC examinations through the official website of the commission. The website usually opens up the application process a few months before the examination date.

What are the eligibility criteria for UPSC examinations?

The eligibility criteria for UPSC examinations vary depending on the specific examination. Generally, candidates must be Indian citizens, have a bachelor’s degree from a recognized university, and meet the age requirements for the post they are applying for.

How many attempts are allowed for UPSC examinations?

The number of attempts that a candidate can make for UPSC examinations varies depending on the category they belong to. For example, candidates belonging to the General category have a maximum of 6 attempts, while those belonging to the OBC category have 9 attempts.

What is the syllabus for UPSC examinations?

The syllabus for UPSC examinations varies depending on the specific examination. It typically includes subjects such as Indian polity and governance, international relations, economic and social development, and environmental ecology and biodiversity.

How can I prepare for the UPSC examinations?

There are several ways to prepare for UPSC examinations, including self-study, joining a coaching institute, or taking an online course. It is important to be familiar with the syllabus and exam pattern, practice the previous year’s question papers and take mock tests. It’s also important to stay updated with current affairs related to the examination.

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