72nd Amendment Of Indian Constitution

72nd amendment of indian constitution

The 72nd Amendment of Indian Constitution is a piece of legislation that amends the Indian Constitution. The Bill makes many important changes to the existing constitution. The act provides the reservation to the STs in the legislative assembly of the State of Tripura. It is valid till the date of re-adjustment of seats based on the first census after the year 2000, as provided for in Article 170 of the Indian Constitution for the state of Tripura.

In this article, we will look at the reason behind the need for this particular amendment. What constitutional changes this 72nd amendment brings is another motto this article is addressing. Learners preparing for the UPSC CSE Exam find this piece of information worth reading.

72nd Amendment Of Indian Constitution

As per article 170 of the Constitution, the 72nd Constitutional Amendment Act grants reservations to Scheduled Tribes in the Tripura State Legislative Assembly until the seats are re-adjusted based on the first census after 2000. The Scheduled Tribes (ST) and Scheduled Castes (SC) are guaranteed seats in the legislative assemblies of all states by Article 332 of the Indian Constitution.

Objects And Reasons

In the state of Tripura, due to special circumstances, on August 12, 1988, the Indian Government and the Tripura National Volunteers signed a Memorandum of Settlement. For the sake of maintaining peace and harmony in the State of Tripura, this Memorandum of Settlement was signed. The aforementioned pact increased tribal participation in the state government of Tripura.

A proportion not less than the number of members from Scheduled Tribes (ST) in the current Assembly bears to the total number of seats in the current Assembly as of the date the Constitutional amendment entered into force shall determine the number of seats in the Legislative Assembly of the Tripura State that is designated for Scheduled Tribes. Additionally, it states that up to the assembly’s dissolution, no representation in the current Tripura State Assembly shall be impacted by the revisions.

To put the Memorandum into effect, actions are needed, it needed to identify the seats to be reserved for ST in the state of Tripura.

The reservation of seats in the Legislative Assembly of any State for Scheduled Castes(SC) and Scheduled Tribes(ST) is controlled by the provisions of Article 332 of the Indian Constitution. Given the unique circumstances of the State of Tripura, it was proposed to amend Article 332 of the Indian Constitution to make a temporary provision for determining the number of reserved seats for Scheduled Tribes(ST). It is valid till the date of re-adjustment of seats based on the first census after the year 2000, as provided for in Article 170 of the Indian Constitution for the state of Tripura

Important Provisions

The Seventy-Second Amendment Act, of 1992 amended the provisions of article 332. The important provisions of the Amendment are:

  1. The act provides the reservation of seats to the Scheduled tribes (ST) in the legislative assembly of the State of Tripura.
  2. It is valid till the date of re-adjustment of seats based on the first census after the year 2000, as provided for in Article 170 of the Indian Constitution for the state of Tripura.

Conclusion

The Constitution (Seventy-second Amendment) Act was enacted on the 14th day of December 1992. As a notice published in the Indian Official Gazette. Article 332 of the Indian Constitution has been modified. It provides temporary provisions for establishing the number of seats set aside for Scheduled Tribes in the Assembly of the State of Tripura until the seats are modified based on the results of the first census after 2000, as required by Article 170 of the Indian Constitution.

FAQs On 72th Amendment Of Indian Constitution

Which Amendment To The Indian Constitution Allows Scheduled Tribes To Have Reservations In The Tripura State Legislature?

The 72nd Amendment of Indian Constitution allows Scheduled Tribes to have reservations in the Tripura State Legislative Assembly.

Which Government Tabled The 72nd Constitutional Amendment Bill?

The Narasimha Rao government brought the 72nd Constitutional Amendment Bill in 1991.

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