India, a land of diversity, is not just known for its rich culture and history, but also for its 28 states and 9 union territories. Each state has its unique identity, history, and capital that serves as the political and administrative center. From the bustling streets of Mumbai to the serene hills of Shimla, the Capitals of India offer a glimpse into the diverse culture and lifestyle of the country.
In this blog, we will take a journey through the states and capitals of India and discover the unique features and interesting facts that make them stand out. Whether you’re preparing for competitive exams or just looking to learn more about India, this blog will be an invaluable resource.
So come along and explore the rich tapestry of India’s states and capitals with us.
- An Overview Of India
- The Evolution Of The Classification Of Indian States
- Discovering India: A Look At The States And Capitals
- Sates And Union Territories
- Largest And Smallest State Of India By Area
- Which Indian States Have the Highest And Lowest Populations?
- List Of States And Different Types Of Capitals
- 28 States, Capitals, And Languages of India
- States and Capitals of India: Formation Dates
- States And Capitals: Facts
- Andhra Pradesh – Amravati
- Arunachal Pradesh – Itanagar
- Assam – Dispur
- Bihar – Patna
- Chattisgarh – Raipur
- Goa – Panaji
- Gujarat – Gandhinagar
- Haryana – Chandigarh
- Himachal Pradesh – Shimla
- Jharkhand – Ranchi
- Karnataka – Bangalore
- Kerala – Thiruvananthapuram
- Madhya Pradesh – Bhopal
- Maharashtra – Mumbai
- Manipur – Imphal
- Meghalaya – Shillong
- Mizoram – Aizawl
- Nagaland – Kohima
- Odisha – Bhubaneswar
- Rajasthan – Jaipur
- Sikkim – Gangtok
- Tamil Nadu – Chennai
- Telangana – Hyderabad
- Tripura – Agartala
- Uttar Pradesh – Lucknow
- Uttarakhand – Dehradun
- West Bengal – Kolkata
- 1. Is Tamil Nadu regarded as the richest or poorest state?
- 2. What are some aspects of the Tamil language that are interesting to know?
- 3. Gandhinagar Was Named After Whom?
- 4. Mention the shape of Sikkim.
- 5. Who Has Written Assam State Anthem?
- 6. Which state is known as the Rising Sun of India?
- 7. Why Capital Of India Shifted From Kolkata To Delhi?
- 8. Why Arunachal Pradesh is called Orchid Paradise?
- 9. What are the states and capitals of India?
- 10. How many states and union territories are there in India?
- 11. What is the capital of India?
- 12. Are there any states in India that do not have their own capital?
- 13. Can a union territory have its own capital?
- 14. Are there any changes to the states and capitals of India recently?
- 15. What is the largest state by area in India?
- 16. What is the smallest state by area in India?
- 17. What is the most populous state in India?
- 18. What is the least populous state in India?
- 19. Are there any states in India that are officially recognized as minority states?
- 20. Are there any states in India that are officially recognized as autonomous states?
- 21. Are there any states in India that have a different official language than Hindi?
- 22. Why Goa Celebrates Two Independence Days?
- 23. Which Kutch sanctuary in Gujarat has been designated a World Heritage Site?
- 24. Which city is referred to as Assam's Switzerland?
- 25. Did Nagaland ever belong to Assam?
- 26. What Is Smart City?
- 27. What do you mean by States in India?
- 28. What do you understand by the term capital in India?
- 29. What are the most well-known festivals in South India?
An Overview Of India
India is a country located in South Asia, known for its rich cultural heritage, diverse landscapes, and ancient history. The country is the seventh-largest in the world by land area and the second-most populous, with over 1.3 billion people.
The capital of India is New Delhi, and the official language is Hindi. However, there are over 21 official languages spoken in India, including English, Bengali, and Tamil. The country is known for its vast array of religions, with Hinduism being the majority, followed by Islam, Sikhism, Buddhism, and Christianity.
India has a diverse landscape, ranging from the Himalayan mountain ranges in the north, to the tropical beaches in the south. The country is also home to the Ganges and Brahmaputra Rivers, which are considered sacred by Hindus. The country is also known for its rich wildlife, including tigers, elephants, and monkeys.
India has a long and rich history, dating back to the Indus Valley Civilization, which flourished around 2500 BCE. The country has been ruled by various dynasties, including the Mughals, the British, and the Marathas. India gained independence from British rule in 1947, and the country has since become a republic.
India is known for its rich cultural heritage, including its art, music, dance, and cuisine. The country is famous for its traditional dances, such as Bharatanatyam, Kathak, and Kathakali. Indian cuisine is known for its rich flavors and spices.
India is also a rapidly developing economy, with a focus on technology, manufacturing, and services. The country is known for its large population of highly skilled workers and is a major player in the global economy.
Overall, India is a country that is rich in culture, history, and diversity and is a destination worth visiting for anyone interested in learning more about the world.
The Evolution Of The Classification Of Indian States
The history of the categorization of Indian states is closely tied to the country’s political and administrative development.
When India gained independence from British colonial rule in 1947, it was divided into two countries: India and Pakistan. As a result of this partition, the British Indian provinces were reorganized along linguistic lines. The newly independent India was divided into 14 states and 6 union territories. The states were formed on the basis of language, with the goal of ensuring that each state had a majority population speaking a common language.
The language was used as the primary factor in the reorganization of the states that took place in 1956 as a result of the States Reorganization Act. The act led to the formation of 14 states and 6 union territories. The act aimed at reorganizing the states and territories of India on a linguistic basis. This resulted in the formation of Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Mysore, and Punjab among others.
Maharashtra and Gujarat were created from the division of the state of Bombay in the year 1960.
In November 2000, three new states were created: Chhattisgarh, Uttaranchal (now Uttarakhand), and Jharkhand were carved out of Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, and Bihar respectively.
Telangana was separated from its parent state, Andhra Pradesh, in the year 2014.
In 2020, the state of Uttarakhand was created by bifurcating the state of Uttar Pradesh.
Throughout history, Indian states have been formed and reorganized on the basis of linguistic, cultural, and administrative considerations. The categorization of Indian states continues to evolve, reflecting the country’s political, social, and economic developments.
Discovering India: A Look At The States And Capitals
Sates And Union Territories
A Bill enacted by the Parliament during the winter session has combined the Union Territories of Daman and Diu, Dadra, and Nagar Haveli as of January 26. As a result of the consolidation of Daman and Diu and Dadra and Nagar Haveli into a single UT, the total number of UTs has been reduced to eight. Out of all of the states, only Himachal Pradesh, Maharashtra, and Uttarakhand have two different capitals, one for the summer and one for the winter legislative sessions.
You should be able to respond to questions about general knowledge by knowing the full list of Indian States and their capitals. Here, we present the most recent list of Indian States and Capitals for the year 2023.
India is a federal federation with 36 different entities made up of 28 states and 8 union territories. Within the states and union territories, districts and other administrative divisions are further divided. India’s states each have their own administrative, judicial, and legislative centers. According to some sources, all three duties are performed in the same capital. A Chief Minister serves as the head of each state.
Largest And Smallest State Of India By Area
India, a land of contrasts, is home to a diverse range of states and union territories. The largest state by area is Rajasthan, spanning 342,239 square kilometers. This state is renowned for its rich history, vibrant culture, and stunning architecture.
The mighty forts, palaces, and Havelis dot the state, showcasing the grandeur of the Rajputana dynasty. The state is also home to the Thar Desert, one of the largest deserts in the world. Tourists can experience a camel safari in the desert and witness the traditional way of life of desert dwellers.
On the other hand, Goa is the smallest state in India, measuring just 3,702 square kilometers. But, do not be fooled by its small size, as Goa packs a punch in terms of tourism. The state is known for its beautiful beaches, rich culture, and delicious seafood.
The state’s Portuguese heritage is evident in its architecture, festivals, and cuisine. Goa is also famous for its nightlife and party scene, making it a popular destination for tourists looking for a lively vacation.
Which Indian States Have the Highest And Lowest Populations?
- Population-wise, Uttar Pradesh has the most people.
- The lowest population density in India is found in the state of Sikkim.
List Of States And Different Types Of Capitals
In 1956, the boundaries of Indian states were reorganized on a linguistic basis by the States Reorganization Act. This act divided the Indian states into capitals. Each of the states has legislative capital, administrative capital, and judicial capital. Some of these are also carved out of other parts of the union.
Below you will find a list of the states that make up India, as well as its three different types of capitals and the city that formerly served as the capital of that state.
|State||Administrative capital||Legislative capital||Judicial capital||Year in which capital was fixed||Former capital|
|Arunachal Pradesh||Itanagar||Itanagar||Guwahati||1987||No former capital|
|Bihar||Patna||Patna||Patna||1950||No former capital|
|Chhattisgarh||Raipur||Raipur||Bilaspur||2000||No former capital|
|Goa||Panaji||Porvorim||Mumbai||1987||No former capital|
|Haryana||Chandigarh||Chandigarh||Chandigarh||1966||No other former capital|
|Himachal Pradesh||Shimla||Shimla in summer and Dharamshala in winter||Shimla||1971||No other former capital|
|Jharkhand||Ranchi||Ranchi||Ranchi||2000||No other former capital|
|Karnataka||Bangalore||Bangalore in summer and Belgaum in winter||Bangalore||1956||No other former capital|
|Kerala||Thiruvananthapuram||Thiruvananthapuram||Ernakulam||1956||No other former capital|
|Madhya Pradesh||Bhopal||Bhopal||Jabalpur||1956||No other former capital|
|Maharashtra||Mumbai||Mumbai in summer and Nagpur in winter||Mumbai||1960||No other former capital|
|Manipur||Imphal||Imphal||Imphal||1972||No other former capital|
|Meghalaya||Shillong||Shillong||Shillong||1972||No other former capital|
|Mizoram||Aizawl||Aizawl||Guwahati||1987||No other former capital|
|Nagaland||Kohima||Kohima||Guwahati||1963||No other former capital|
|Odisha||Bhubaneswar||Bhubaneswar||Cuttack||1950||No other former capital|
|Punjab||Chandigarh||Chandigarh||Chandigarh||1966||No other former capital|
|Rajasthan||Jaipur||Jaipur||Jodhpur||1950||No other former capital|
|Sikkim||Gangtok||Gangtok||Gangtok||1975||No other former capital|
|Tamil Nadu||Chennai||Chennai||Chennai||1956||No other former capital|
|Telangana||Hyderabad||Hyderabad||Hyderabad||2014||No other former capital|
|Tripura||Agartala||Agartala||Agartala||1972||No other former capital|
|Uttar Pradesh||Lucknow||Lucknow||Prayagraj||1950||No other former capital|
|Uttarakhand||Dehradun||Bhararisain in summer and Dehradun in winter||Nainital||2000||No other former capital|
|West Bengal||Kolkata||Kolkata||Kolkata||1950||No other former capital|
28 States, Capitals, And Languages of India
The variety of languages spoken in India is one of the country’s most recognizable characteristics, and Indians take great satisfaction in the fact that language can shift significantly within a short distance.
You shouldn’t just memorize the names of the 28 Indian states and their capitals; you should also familiarise yourself with the country’s many spoken tongues. The Eighth Schedule of the Indian Constitution acknowledges 22 different languages. The list has been sorted into languages used in each Indian state as well as official languages.
The following is a list of states, along with their respective capital cities and the languages are spoken there:
|States of India||Capitals of India||Official Languages of India||Regional Languages of India|
|Andhra Pradesh||Hyderabad (Proposed capital Amaravati)||Telugu||Telugu, Urdu, Hindi, Tamil and Marathi|
|Arunachal Pradesh||Itanagar||English||Nishi, Adi, Bengali, Nepali and Hindi|
|Assam||Dispur||Assamese||Assamese, Bengali, Hindi, Bodo, Nepali|
|Bihar||Patna||Hindi||Hindi (Bhojpuri and Magadhi dialects), Maithili, Urdu, Bengali and Santali|
|Chattisgarh||Raipur||Hindi||Hindi (Chhattisgarhi), Odia, Bengali, Telugu and Marathi|
|Goa||Panaji||Konkani||Konkani, Marathi, Hindi, Kannada and Urdu|
|Gujarat||Gandhinagar||Gujarati||Gujarati, Hindi, Sindhi, Marathi, and Urdu|
|Haryana||Chandigarh||Hindi||Hindi (Haryanvi and Mewati dialects), Punjabi, Urdu, Bengali, and Maithili|
|Himachal Pradesh||Shimla||Hindi||Hindi, Punjabi, Nepali, Kashmiri, and Dogri|
|Jharkhand||Ranchi||Hindi||Hindi (Bhojpuri, Magadhi, and Nagpuri dialects), Santhali, Bengali, Urdu, and Odia|
|Karnataka||Bengaluru (Formerly Bangalore)||Kannada||Kannada, Urdu, Telugu, Tamil, and Marathi|
|Kerala||Thiruvananthapuram||Malayalam||Malayalam, Tamil, Tulu, Kannada and Konkani|
|Madhya Pradesh||Bhopal||Hindi||Hindi, Marathi, Urdu, Sindhi, and Gujarati|
|Manipur||Imphal||Meitei (Manipuri)||Manipuri, Nepali, Hindi, and Bengali|
|Meghalaya||Shillong||English||Khasi, Garo, Bengali Nepali and Hindi|
|Mizoram||Aizawl||Mizo, English & Hindi||Mizo, English, Hindi, Manipuri, and Chakma|
|Nagaland||Kohima||English||Ao, Konyak, Angami, Sema and Lotha|
|Odisha||Bhubaneswar||Odia||Odia, Bengali, Telugu Hindi and Santali|
|Punjab||Chandigarh||Punjabi||Punjabi and Hindi|
|Rajasthan||Jaipur||Hindi||Rajasthani and Hindi|
|Sikkim||Gangtok||English||Bhutia, Hindi, Nepali, Lepcha, Limbu|
|Tamil Nadu||Chennai||Tamil||Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Urdu, and Malayalam|
|Telangana||Hyderabad||Telugu||Telugu, Urdu, Marathi Kannada and Hindi|
|Tripura||Agartala||Bengali, English & Kokborok||Bengali, Tripuri, Manipuri, Kakborak|
|Uttar Pradesh||Lucknow||Hindi||Hindi (including Awadhi, Bhojpuri, Braj Bhasha and Khari Boli dialects)|
|Uttarakhand||Dehradun (Winter) Gairsain (Summer)||Hindi||Hindi (including the Garhwali, Kumaoni, and Jaunsari dialects)|
States and Capitals of India: Formation Dates
The commemoration of Foundation Days of Indian States serves as a reminder of the establishment of a state or union territory. These Indian states have made the decision to designate certain dates that mark the establishment of their states as official holidays.
Let’s look at the table below to see when the States of India was founded.
|S.NO||States of India||Formation Dates|
|1||Andhra Pradesh||1st November 1956|
|2||Arunachal Pradesh||20 February 1987|
|3||Assam||26th January 1950|
|4||Bihar||26th January 1950|
|5||Chhattisgarh||1st November 2000|
|6||Goa||30th May 1987|
|7||Gujarat||1st May 1960|
|8||Haryana||1st November 1966|
|9||Himachal Pradesh||25th January 1971|
|10||Jharkhand||15th November 2000|
|11||Karnataka||1st November 1956|
|12||Kerala||1st November 1956|
|13||Madhya Pradesh||1st November 1956|
|14||Maharashtra||1st May 1960|
|15||Manipur||21st January 1972|
|16||Meghalaya||21st January 1972|
|17||Mizoram||20th February 1987|
|18||Nagaland||1st December 1963|
|19||Odisha||26th January 1950|
|20||Punjab||1st November 1956|
|21||Rajasthan||1st November 1956|
|22||Sikkim||16th May 1975|
|23||Tamil Nadu||26th January 1950|
|24||Telangana||2nd June 2014|
|25||Tripura||21st January 1972|
|26||Uttar Pradesh||26th January 1950|
|27||Uttarakhand||9th November 2000|
|28||West Bengal||1st November 1956|
States And Capitals: Facts
This table is a great resource for anyone looking to explore India. It lists all the states, capitals, and what they are popularly known as, providing a quick reference guide to the country’s rich cultural heritage and regional diversity.
|State||States Known As||Capital|
|Andhra Pradesh||Rice Bowl of India, Kohinoor of India, Egg Bowl of India||Amaravati|
|Arunachal Pradesh||1. Land of The Rising Sun 2. Land of the Dawn-lit-Mountains||Itanagar|
|Assam||Tea City of India||Dispur|
|Bihar||The Silk City of Indi||Patna|
|Chhattisgarh||Rice Bowl of India||Raipur|
|Goa||Pearl of the Orient||Panaji|
|Gujarat||Boston of India||Gandhinagar|
|Haryana||Milk Pail of India||Chandigarh|
|Himachal Pradesh||Dev Bhoomi||Shimla|
|Karnataka||Land of Gold, Land of Sandalwood||Bengaluru|
|Kerala||Spice Garden of India, City of Spices, Land of Coconut Trees, God’s Own Country||Thiruvananthapuram|
|Madhya Pradesh||Soya Region of India||Bhopal|
|Manipur||The Jewel of India||Imphal|
|Meghalaya||Abode of clouds||Shillong|
|Mizoram||Land of mountains|
|Nagaland||Falcon capital of the world||Kohima|
|Punjab||Land of Five Rivers||Chandigarh|
|Rajasthan||Land of Kings||Jaipur|
|Sikkim||Land of monasteries||Gangtok|
|Tamil Nadu||Land of Temples||Chennai|
|Uttar Pradesh||Heartland of Hindi, Sugarcane bowl of India||Lucknow|
|Uttarakhand||Land of the Gods, Devbhoomi||Dehradun|
|West Bengal||The Sweet Capital of India||Kolkata|
Andhra Pradesh – Amravati
Facts For Andhra Pradesh
|Andhra Pradesh is the eighth-largest state in India.||It is located in the southern part of the country and has an area of around 160,205 square kilometers.|
|Andhra Pradesh is known for its rich cultural heritage.||The state has a long history, dating back to the Satavahana dynasty, which ruled the region from the 2nd century BC to the 3rd century AD.|
|Andhra Pradesh is the largest producer of rice in India.||It is also known for its production of other crops such as tobacco, cotton, and sugarcane.|
|Andhra Pradesh is known for its beautiful beaches.||Some of the famous beaches in the state include Ramakrishna Beach, Rishikonda Beach, and Mypadu Beach.|
|Andhra Pradesh is home to the famous Tirumala Venkateswara Temple.||This temple is one of the most visited pilgrimage sites in the world, and is dedicated to Lord Venkateswara, an incarnation of Lord Vishnu.|
|Andhra Pradesh is known for its rich wildlife.||The state is home to several national parks and wildlife sanctuaries, including the Sri Venkateswara National Park and the Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary.|
|Andhra Pradesh has a rich literature heritage.||The state has a rich poetry, drama, and storytelling tradition, and is known for its contributions to Indian literature.|
|Andhra Pradesh is known for its rich language heritage.||The state has several languages spoken in it, with Telugu being the official language and Urdu, Hindi, Tamil and Kannada are also widely spoken.|
|Andhra Pradesh is known for its rich handicrafts heritage.||The state has several traditional crafts that are famous in India such as Kalamkari, Kondapalli and Venkatagiri Handlooms.|
Facts For Amravati
Amravati is the capital city of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. It is located in the Coastal Andhra region of the state and is known for its rich history and cultural heritage. Some interesting facts about Amravati include:
- The city was named after the Amareswara Temple, which is dedicated to the Hindu god Shiva. The temple is said to have been built by the Eastern Chalukya king Krishna II in the 10th century AD.
- Amravati was once the capital of the Satavahana dynasty, which ruled the region from the 2nd century BC to the 3rd century AD. The Satavahanas were known for their patronage of Buddhism, and the city was an important center of Buddhist learning and culture during this time.
- The city is home to several ancient Buddhist stupas, including the Amaravathi Mahachaitya, which is said to date back to the 3rd century BC. The stupa is considered one of the most important Buddhist monuments in India and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
- Amravati is also known for its rich natural beauty and is surrounded by picturesque hills and lush green forests. The city is situated on the banks of the Krishna River and is known for its scenic views and tranquil atmosphere.
- Recently Andhra Pradesh Government announced the new capital city of the state as Amaravathi, which is also known as Amaravathi Greenfield Capital City and has many new developments and infrastructure projects planned for the city.
- The capital of Andhra Pradesh has moved from Hyderabad to Amravati, known as the “people’s capital.” On October 22, 2015, the cornerstone was laid.
- The Buddhist Stupa in Amravati has a diameter of fifty meters and a height of twenty-seven meters, making it the largest stupa in the country.
- In acknowledgment of Amravati’s long history as a Buddhist center, the city’s planners intend to fashion the new High Court building in such a way that it resembles a Buddhist stupa.
Arunachal Pradesh – Itanagar
Facts For Arunachal Pradesh
Out of the Seven Sister States of Northeast India, Arunachal Pradesh is the largest. The state of Arunachal Pradesh is often referred to as the “Land of Sunrise,” the “Orchid Paradise,” and the “Paradise of Botanists.” Some of its interesting facts are tabulated below:
|Land of the Rising Sun||Arunachal Pradesh is situated in the northeastern part of India and is known as the “Land of the Rising Sun” as it is the first state to witness the sunrise in India.|
|Rich Biodiversity||Arunachal Pradesh is home to a wide variety of flora and fauna and is known for its rich biodiversity. It is also known as the “Orchid State of India” as it has over 500 species of orchids.|
|Indigenous Tribes||The state is home to over 26 indigenous tribes, each with its own distinct culture, customs, and traditions.|
|Tawang Monastery||Tawang Monastery is one of the largest Buddhist monasteries in the world and is a major tourist attraction in the state.|
|Paragliding||The state is also popular for its paragliding opportunities, with the best spots for paragliding being in the towns of Bomdila and Tawang.|
|Sela Pass||Sela Pass is a high-altitude pass in the state and offers stunning views of the Himalayas. It is also known as the “Gateway to Tawang” and is an important route for the Indian army to access the border with China.|
Facts For Itanagar
The stunning capital city of Arunachal Pradesh, Itanagar, is home to a diverse collection of built-up resources and institutions that have significant socio-cultural significance with archaeological sites with significant historical worth.
- Itanagar is the largest city in Arunachal Pradesh and also the capital of the state.
- Itanagar serves as the permanent home of the Gauhati High Court bench at Naharlagun, the seat of the government of Arunachal Pradesh as well as the Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly.
- The Nyishis, Galo, Tagin, Apatani, and Adi are all different tribes that are indigenous to Arunachal Pradesh and dwell there.
- One of Arunachal Pradesh’s most significant historical sites is Ita Fort. “Fort of Bricks” is what the name properly means
Assam – Dispur
Facts For Assam
Northeastern India is home to the state of Assam, which is surrounded to the north by the flowing river valleys and the eastern Himalayas. In the north, it neighbors Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh; in the east, Manipur and Nagaland; in the south, Tripura, Mizoram, Meghalaya, and Bangladesh; and in the west, West Bengal.
Here are some interesting facts about Assam:
|Own Anthem: “O Mur Apunar Dex”.||To everyone’s astonishment, the state of Assam has its own song to serve as its official anthem. The Assam Student Conference that was held in Tezpur in 1927 was the occasion on which this hymn was formally adopted as the state song of Assam.|
|One-horned rhinoceros||Assam is home to the largest population of one-horned rhinoceros in the world and is famous for the Kaziranga National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, which is a major sanctuary for the species.|
|Tea Capital||Assam is known as the tea capital of India and is one of the largest producers of tea in the world. It is known for its unique variety of tea, Assam tea, which is grown in the Brahmaputra valley.|
|Brahmaputra River||Assam is located in the northeastern part of India and is situated on the banks of the Brahmaputra River, which is one of the largest rivers in the world and plays an important role in the state’s economy and culture.|
|Ethnic Diversity||Assam is known for its ethnic diversity and is home to various ethnic groups and tribes, each with its own distinct culture, customs, and traditions.|
|Oil||The state served as the first Asian location for oil drilling.|
|Trees||In the state, sal tree forests can be found, and year-round greenness is achieved by the state’s copious rainfall.|
|Silk||Assam is famous for its silk production, specifically for its Muga silk, a unique variety of silk that is produced in the state, and is known for its durability and shine.|
|Rainfall||Assam receives greater rainfall than the majority of India, and this precipitation feeds the Brahmaputra River, which, along with its tributaries and oxbow lakes, gives the area a unique hydro-geomorphic ecosystem.|
Facts For Dispur
Along with being a suburb of Guwahati, the city of Dispur serves as the capital of the state of Assam in India.
In 1973, when the state of Meghalaya was separated from Assam, Shillong, the previous capital of Assam, became the capital of the newly formed state of Meghalaya, while Dispur replaced it as the capital of Assam.
The Assam State Government is based in Dispur. In addition to the Assam Legislative Assembly House, the MLA Hostels, and the State Emergency Operations Center, the Assam Secretariat building, also known as the Janata Bhawan, is situated in Dispur.
In the city sits the Guwahati Tea Auction Centre, one of the busiest tea trade locations on earth.
Bihar – Patna
Facts For Bihar
The name of the state of Bihar, which originates from the ancient term “VIHARA,” gives some indication of the region’s age (monastery). It is true that this region is dotted with monasteries.
Shrines dedicated to Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Islam, and Sikhism can be spotted throughout this historic region, which witnessed the rise and fall of India’s first major dynasties. The Bihar lowlands are enriched by Ganga’s passage, which flows widely and deeply before dispersing into the deltoid zone of Bengal.
Here are some interesting facts about Bihar:
|Ancient Civilization||Bihar is known for its rich cultural heritage and is considered one of the oldest continuously inhabited places in the world. It was an important center of learning and civilization during ancient times and was home to the famous universities of Nalanda and Vikramshila.|
|Buddhism||Bihar is considered the birthplace of Buddhism and is home to many important Buddhist pilgrimage sites like Bodh Gaya, where Lord Buddha attained enlightenment.|
|Ganges River||Bihar is situated on the banks of the Ganges River which is considered one of the holiest rivers in India.|
|The abode of a mathematical genius!||Aryabhatta was from Bihar, and he is credited with inventing the zero number, the doctrine of the nine planets, and trigonometric laws.|
|An Abode of Peace||The Sanskrit and Pali term “Vihara,” which means “abode,” is the original source of the English word “Bihar.” Most of the areas that surrounded the state were populated primarily by Buddhist monks.|
|Birthplace of Two Religions||The two major world religions, Buddhism and Jainism, originated in Bihar.|
|The tallest stupa in India||With a height of around 104 feet from the base, Kesaria Stupa is the tallest stupa in the nation. It is a lofty brick mound topped by a strong brick tower.|
Facts For Patna
- In 490 BCE, Patna was founded by the Magadhan monarch.
- The Magadh Empire, which included the Haryanka, Nanda, Mauryan, Shunga, Gupta, and Pala empires, had its capital in ancient Patna, also known as Patliputra.
- Aryabhata, Vatsyayana, and Chanakya were among the many astronomers and thinkers who made Patliputra home.
- Patna became the provincial capital of Bihar and Orissa after the division of the Bengal presidency in 1912.
- The Patna High Court is located in Patna.
- Patna, a modern metropolis, may be found on the Ganges’ southern bank. The Sone, Gandak, and Punpun rivers all pass through the city.
- Four sizable rivers are close by, which makes Patna unique. It is the world’s largest riverine city.
- According to the Patna City Development Plan created in 2006, the topography of Patna is shaped like a saucer. The Mahatma Gandhi Setu Bridge over the Ganges is India’s largest river crossing at a staggering length of 5575 meters.
- The first-ever women’s Kabaddi world cup took place in Patna.
- Patna is ranked as the 21st fastest-growing city in the world and the 5th fastest-growing city in India, according to a study conducted by the City Mayors Foundation. These rankings were derived using numbers for anticipated average annual growth.
Chattisgarh – Raipur
Facts For Chattisgarh
The tenth-largest state in terms of area in India, Chhattisgarh, has a thriving cultural legacy and appealing natural diversity. A country “Full of Surprises,” located in the heart of India and home to a civilization that dates back 10,000 years, welcomes travelers eager to see the pristine.
The widest waterfalls in the nation can be found here, along with caverns, luscious green forests, historic structures, unique wildlife, finely curved temples, Buddhist shrines, and mountainous plateaus.
A unique blend of traditional and modern lifestyles may be seen in this state. Here are some interesting facts about Chattisgarh:
|Values||More than 80% of the country’s biodiversity can be found in Chhattisgarh, which is unique. 44% of the state is covered in forest, and 32% of the people are tribal. Nature lovers seeking to experience distinctive tribal arts, crafts, and customs have increasingly gravitated to Chhattisgarh.|
|Mineral resources||Copper, Coal, Iron, Limestone, Bauxite, Dolomite, Manganese, and Diamond.|
|Niagra Falls of India||The Chitrakote waterfall is the largest and most water-logged waterfall in the state of Chhattisgarh. This fall is also known as the Niagara of India because of its resemblance to a horse’s feet.|
|Silk Producer||The world-famous Kosa Silk and Tussar silk are both produced in this region.|
|Economic Facts||The steel industry in Chhattisgarh is responsible for 15% of India’s total output. This state is home to a number of important industrial units, including the well-known Baldia mines, as well as the Bhilai Steel Plant, various power plants, and a number of cement firms. Tendu leaves, chironji, har har, baheda, mahu flowers, and sal seeds are all produced in the state.|
|Famous Temple||Chattisgarh is home to the famous Maa Bamleshwari Temple, a religious shrine and pilgrimage site dedicated to the goddess Bamleshwari, which is located in the Dongargarh district.|
|State Symbols||State Tree – Sal State Animal – Wild Buffalo State Bird – Pahari Myna|
Facts For Raipur
Ram Chandra, the Kalchuri King, founded Raipur, the state capital of Chhattisgarh, in the latter half of the fourteenth century. This information is disputed because some sources claim that King Ram Chandra created Raipur, while other sources assert that Kalchuri King Brahmdeo Rai founded the city and that it was thereafter called after him as “Raipur.” The Haihaya Dynasty Kalchuri rulers had their capital in Raipur, and they ruled over Chhattisgarh’s forts for a long time.
Raipur, which has historically been an agricultural town, is now a regional center for trade and commerce. The processing of agricultural products, steel, alloy, cement, and rice are the main economic drivers of Raipur. For a variety of local agricultural and forestry products, it acts as a regional hub for trade and business.
Resources for minerals are incredibly plentiful in Raipur. It is one of the largest marketplaces for iron and steel in the nation.
Goa – Panaji
Facts For Goa
The picturesque Western Ghats of India, a large mountain range and a treasure trove of biodiversity, make up about 20% of Goa’s land area. The local forests are home to a wide variety of exotic animals, such as Indian giant squirrels, mongooses, Slender Loris, Indian macaques, and sloth bears, amongst others.
|Unique feature||Goa is known for its unique blend of Indian and Portuguese culture, architecture, cuisine, and festivals.|
|Popularly known as||Goa is popularly known as the “Pearl of the Orient” and “Tourist Paradise”|
|Two Independence Day||On August 15, 1947, India declared independence from British dominion, but the Portuguese refused to hand over Goa. The official surrender of the Portuguese ruler took place on the 18th of December, and Goa was formally incorporated into India on the 19th of December! Every December 19, Goa celebrates its second independence day.|
|Which beach in Goa has blue water at night?||Bethalbatim Beach|
|Soil Color||The soil of Goa is red in color because it is rich in iron oxide.|
|Monuments||Goa has a total of 31 protected monuments, including churches, chapels, convents built by the Portuguese, and Hindu temples.|
|Oldest Name||The name of the city appears as Gove, Govapuri, and Gomant in the Puranas and different inscriptions; the city was well-known in early Hindu legend and history. It was referred to as Velha Goa by the Portuguese and Sindabur or Sandabur by medieval Arabian geographers.|
|Church & temples||Goa is home to many ancient churches and temples, such as the Se Cathedral and the Basilica of Bom Jesus, which are UNESCO World Heritage Sites.|
|Water Sports||Goa offers a variety of water sports activities such as scuba diving, snorkeling, and water skiing, which attracts adventure enthusiasts from all over the world.|
|Second-highest waterfall in India||Dudhsagar Waterfalls|
Facts For Panaji
The capital of the Indian state of Goa and the location of the North Goa district is Panaji, also known by its previous name Panjim (Portuguese: Pangim). In the sub-district of Ilhas de Goa, it can be found on the banks of the Mandovi River estuary (taluka).
Gujarat – Gandhinagar
Facts For Gujarat
Gujarat ranks as the ninth-most populous and fifth-largest state in India, respectively. There is a statue called the Statue of Unity in Gujarat, which is 182 meters long. Here are some interesting facts about it:
|Industrial hub||Gujarat is known as an industrial hub of India, with a strong presence in sectors such as textiles, petrochemicals, and pharmaceuticals.|
|Gandhi’s birthplace||Gujarat is the birthplace of Mahatma Gandhi, the father of the nation and the leader of India’s non-violent freedom movement.|
|Wild Ass Sanctuary||Gujarat is home to the Wild Ass Sanctuary. The Kutch Wild Ass Sanctuary is the only place where wild ass can be found in India, and it is situated in a region known as Little Run of Kutch.|
|World’s Largest Salt Desert||Rann of Kachchh|
|White Desert Festival||Gujarat is known for its vibrant Kutch Festival, which is celebrated with great enthusiasm and is a major tourist attraction.|
|Asiatic Lion||Gujarat is the only state in India where Asiatic Lion can be found, and it is protected in the Gir Forest National Park.|
|Temple Architecture||Gujarat is known for its unique temple architecture, exemplified by the famous Modhera Sun Temple and the Rani Ki Vav stepwell.|
Facts For Gandhinagar
Gujarat became a separate state on January 5, 1960, as a result of the partition of the former Mumbai State. The state of Gujarat was created, and Ahmedabad was designated as its capital. The subsequent establishment of Gandhinagar as the new capital of the state of Gujarat was done with the intention of lowering the population concentration in the city of Ahmedabad.
Gandhinagar was chosen as the name for the new capital city in order to perpetuate the memory of Mahatma Gandhi, who is considered to be the “Father of the Nation.”
Haryana – Chandigarh
Facts For Haryana
After being separated from Punjab in 1966, Haryana became the 20th state of India. From three sides, it encircles the National Capital.
|Meaning||The word “Haryana” means “Forest Land of Hari.” The oldest mention of the name “Hariana” is found in a Sanskrit inscription from 1328 AD that is housed in the Delhi Museum. This inscription refers to this area as “The heaven on earth,” signifying that it was fertile and generally calm at the time.|
|Heart of Haryana||Jind City|
|Etymology||The name Haryana is derived from the term “Hari” meaning “God” and “Ayana” meaning “home” or “abode,” thus meaning “the land of God.”|
|Economic Profile||Haryana has a diversified economy, with a strong presence in the agriculture, industry, and services sectors.|
|State Symbols||The state symbols of Haryana include the Blackbuck as the state animal, the Black Francolin as the state bird, and the Lotus as the state flower.|
|Sugar City of Haryana||The city of Hisar is called the “Sugar City” of Haryana because it has a strong presence in the sugar industry and is home to many sugar mills.|
Facts For Chandigarh
The first planned city in India was Chandigarh, a union territory and the capital of the two states of Punjab and Haryana. The area is totally unique because it is under the sovereignty of the Union Government and has a rich history, a promising future, and outstanding beauty.
Himachal Pradesh – Shimla
Facts For Himachal Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh is a state in the Lower Himalayan Range. This State is known as the “Land of Goats” and is a blending pot of cultures and a home for outdoor enthusiasts and nature lovers. The Indian state of Himachal Pradesh is home to two national parks and 33 wildlife sanctuaries. Most people are unaware of a number of interesting facts regarding this state. Some of them are as follows:
|Meaning||The Sanskrit terms “Hima” and “Anchal,” which mean “snow” and “lap” respectively, were combined to form the name “Himachal,” which refers to the Himalayan mountain range. The state is situated in the foothills of the Himalayas for a reason.|
|Unique feature||Himachal Pradesh is known for its unique combination of natural beauty, with snow-capped mountains, lush green valleys, and picturesque villages.|
|Old name||The old name of Himachal Pradesh is “Trigarta” which is mentioned in ancient Hindu texts such as the Mahabharata.|
|Name origin||The name Himachal Pradesh is derived from the Hindi words “Him” meaning “snow” and “achal” meaning “mountain,” thus meaning “land of snow-covered mountains.”|
|The largest glacier in Asia||The Shigri Glacier, which feeds the Chenab River, is situated in the Lahaul-Spiti region.|
|Land of Gods||Himachal Pradesh is called the land of gods because of the presence of many ancient Hindu temples and shrines, such as the Jwalamukhi Temple and the Naina Devi Temple.|
|Apple state||Himachal Pradesh is called the “Apple State” as it is the second largest apple producer in India. It is also known as the “Fruit Bowl of the North” as it yields a variety of fruits, including apples, pears, apricot, plum, and more.|
|‘Dev Bhoomi’||Himachal Pradesh is known as ‘Dev Bhoomi’ meaning ‘the adobe of the Gods’|
|Mini Switzerland||The town of Khajjiar, in Himachal Pradesh, is known as the “Mini Switzerland of India.”|
|Two Capitals||Himachal Pradesh has two capitals, Shimla, and Dharamshala. Shimla is the state’s summer capital while Dharamshala is the winter capital.|
|World heritage site||The Kalka-Shimla Railway, also known as the Toy Train, is a recognized World Heritage Site by UNESCO. The Great Himalayan National Park, which is situated in Kullu, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.|
|Flora and Fauna||Himachal Pradesh is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna, including animals such as the snow leopard, Himalayan Yak, the musk deer, and the Himalayan black bear and plants such as the rhododendron.|
Facts For Shimla
Shyamala Devi, a form of the goddess Mahakali, inspired the naming of Shimla. Shimla is home to the well-known Kali Bari Temple, which shares some similarities with Kolkata’s Dakshineshwar Kali Temple.
- It also goes by the name Queen of Hills.
- Shimla is perched atop seven significant hills: Bantony Hill, Elysium Hill, Jakhoo Hill, Summer Hill, Observatory Hil, Prospect Hill, and Inveram Hill.
- In the year 1882, Shimla became the site of the first post office in northern India. It used to be known as Conny Cottage.
- Only a small number of India’s hill stations feature sites recognized by UNESCO as World Heritage Sites. UNESCO has added the Kalka-Shimla railway line, which was constructed during the time of the British Empire, to its list of World Heritage Sites.
- It was in Shimla’s Jakhoo Temple where the Hanuman Statue was unveiled in November 2010. Greater than the well-known Christ the Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, it is a 108-foot-long monument.
- The only location in the nation with a natural ice skating rink is Shimla. It was established in 1920, a time of British rule.
- It was in Shimla, in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh, where the British pioneered the cultivation of capsicum plants for the first time. Shimla Mirch, therefore, entered the scene.
Jharkhand – Ranchi
Facts For Jharkhand
Jharkhand is abundantly blessed with natural resources and a rich cultural legacy. This ancient area is home to a wide variety of stunning flora and fauna that thrive in its verdant forests, rivers, and waterfalls. The State has lovely classical and folk dances and music, and friendly and peaceful people.
|Meaning||The Hindi term Jhar, which means bushes, is whence the word Jharkhand gets its meaning. Thus, “Land of Bushes” is another name for this state.|
|Pittsburgh of India||Jamshedpur, the industrial capital of Jharkhand|
|Dominant tribe||The Santhal tribe is the highest in Jharkhand and plays an important role in the state’s culture and heritage.|
|Rich in||Jharkhand is rich in natural resources such as coal, iron ore, and mica, and is a major contributor to India’s mining and steel industries.|
|Heart of Jharkhand||The city of Ranchi is considered the heart of Jharkhand.|
|Rivers||Jharkhand is home to many rivers such as the Damodar, the Brahmani and the Subarnarekha, which are important for irrigation and hydroelectric power generation.|
|“Sorrow of Jharkhand”||The Damodar River is often referred to as the “Sorrow of Jharkhand” due to its frequent flooding and the destruction it causes.|
|Flora and Fauna||Jharkhand is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna, including animals such as the elephant, tiger, Bison, and wolves and plants such as the sal tree, bamboo, jackfruit, shisham, etc.|
|State Symbol||The state bird is Koel. The state animal is the elephant State tree is Sal State flower is Palash.|
Facts For Ranchi
- The capital of Jharkhand, Ranchi, is referred to as “The Land of Forests” and is situated in the southern portion of the Chhota Nagpur plateau.
- The name of the native bird, “Rinchi,” is whence the word “Ranchi” originates.
- It is referred to as “The City of Waterfalls and Lakes” because there are numerous waterfalls, lakes, and hills nearby that add to its grandeur.
- Dassam Falls, Hundru Falls, Jonha Falls, Hirni Falls, and Panchghagh Falls are well-known waterfalls.
- It is located on the banks of the Subarnarekha River.
- The Tropic of Cancer crosses through Ranchi at 23.4 degrees north.
- Since Ranchi Hill, also known as Phansi Tongri to the natives, was the location of numerous freedom fighters’ hangings, Ranchi has also been at the forefront of the Indian war against the British.
Karnataka – Bangalore
Facts For Karnataka
Karnataka is home to everything from balmy beaches to chilly hill towns to dense woods that are rich in flora and wildlife to possessing one of the best waterfalls to thrilling and challenging trekking spots. Several amazing facts about Karnataka, many of which you might not be aware of, would have come to light as you scrolled down our list. Karnataka is one of the most remarkable states in the nation as a result of these factors.
|Oldest Name||Karnataka was formerly known as the state of Mysore until it was renamed in 1973.|
|Mineral Resources||Karnataka is rich in mineral resources such as iron ore, gold, silver, and manganese. The state is also a leading producer of coffee, sandalwood, and sericulture.|
|UNESCO Heritage Site||Hampi Pattadakal Western Ghats|
|Rivers||Karnataka is home to many rivers such as the Cauvery, the Tungabhadra, and the Krishna, which are important for irrigation, drinking water, and hydroelectric power generation.|
|State Emblem||The state emblem of Karnataka is the Gandaberunda, a two-headed mythical bird.|
|State song||The state song of Karnataka is “Jayavahishnave” which is composed by Sri M. Govinda Pai.|
|Who named Karnataka?||On November 1, 1973, Devaraj Urs officially changed the name of Mysore State to Karnataka. Historians claim that the word “Karnataka” had been in use for about six centuries prior to that.|
|Land of Gold||The leading producer of gold in India is Karnataka, which is why it is referred to as the “Land of Gold.”|
|Land of sandalwood||The state of Karnataka is referred to be the “land of sandalwood.” This is due to the fact that these regions are known worldwide for their sandalwood, which is also exported outside.|
|Largest coffee exporter||Green plantations spread across the entirety of South India. Karnataka, on the other hand, is the state that produces the most coffee overall. The largest coffee exporter in the nation is Karnataka.|
|State Symbol||State Tree: Sandalwood State Emblem: Gandaberunda State Bird: Indian Roller State Flower: Lotus State Animal: Asian Elephant|
Facts For Bangalore
- The foundation of present-day Bengaluru was said to be a mud fort built by the monarch Kempe Gowda.
- The origin of the name Bengaluru can be traced to the 12th century, when King Veera Ballala, who was stranded in a forest, was fed boiled beans by an elderly woman he saw there. He named the area “Benda – Kal – Ooru,” or “the land of cooked beans,” which over time evolved into Bengaluru.
- Before Karnataka was created in 1956, Bangalore served as the Mysore State’s capital. The capital of Karnataka was thereafter designated to be Bangalore.
- Due to the expanding IT industry and startups, Bangalore is referred to as the “Silicon Valley of India.”
- Numerous aerospace companies, including Hindustan Aeronautics Limited and National Aerospace Laboratories, are based in Bangalore.
- Due to the abundance of well-kept gardens and parks in the city, such as Lal Bagh, Cubbon Park, etc., Bangalore was given the moniker “City of Gardens.”
- Bangalore, India, was the location of the first electric street light to be illuminated in Asia.
- The Bangalore Amateur Radio Club is the oldest in the nation and was founded in 1959.
- Ironically, the British originally constructed a central jail there to house independence fighters, which is where the Famous Freedom Park now stands.
Kerala – Thiruvananthapuram
Facts For Kerala
Kerala, one of the most attractive states in India, captures the attention of travelers from across the world. This state in southern India is renowned for both its history and culture. It is a fantastic site for wildlife aficionados due to its exotic animals. There are many interesting facts about this stunning Indian state.
|Meaning Of Kerala||Kerala’s official name derives from the coconut tree, where “Kera” stands for the tree and “Alam” for the region. As a result, Kerala means “Land of Coconut Trees.”|
|Largest rubber producer||India is the fourth-largest producer of rubber in the world, and Kerala alone is responsible for more than 90% of the nation’s entire production!|
|The backwaters of Kerala||The state is well known for its amazing system of turquoise backwaters. Nearly half of the state is made up of these fascinating interconnected backwaters!|
|Rivers||Kerala is home to many rivers such as the Periyar, the Bharathapuzha, and the Pamba, which are important for irrigation, drinking water, and hydroelectric power generation.|
|Also Known As||City of Spices, Land of Coconut Trees, God’s Own Country|
|Major City Port||The main city port is Kochi (Cochin), which is well-known for its beaches and fish.|
|First digital state||Kerala was named the nation’s first digital state by Pranab Mukherjee, who was India’s president at the time, in February 2016.|
Facts For Thiruvananthapuram
Up until 1991, the city was known as Trivandrum. In 1991, the government decided to restore the name Thiruvananthapuram.
In India, Thiruvananthapuram is a significant hub for aerospace research. The Vikram Sarabhai Space Center and several other state-owned ISRO centers with a focus on space are located in the city.
UNESCO has included the Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve, which is located in the city, in its World Network of Biosphere Reserves.
The “Evergreen City of India” moniker given to Thiruvananthapuram is a result of the city’s abundance of public parks and other green spaces.
The Government of Kerala founded Technopark, a technology park, in Thiruvananthapuram on November 18, 1990. By developed area, it is India’s largest information technology (IT) park.
Madhya Pradesh – Bhopal
Facts For Madhya Pradesh
|The state is known as the “Heart of India”||Madhya Pradesh is located in the central region of India, hence it is referred to as the “Heart of India.”|
|It has the largest tiger population in India||Madhya Pradesh is home to the highest population of tigers in India, with over 526 tigers as of 2021. The state has several national parks and wildlife sanctuaries that are known for their tiger population, including Kanha National Park, Bandhavgarh National Park, and Pench National Park.|
|UNESCO World Heritage sites||The state is home to UNESCO World Heritage sites, including the Khajuraho Group of Monuments, Sanchi Stupa, and the Rock Shelters of Bhimbetka.|
|Madhya Pradesh is the only state in India with a diamond mine||The Panna Diamond Mine located in the Panna district is the only active diamond mine in India|
|No beach||Madhya Pradesh is a landlocked state that borders 5 other states. Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Gujarat, and Rajasthan are the names of these five states. As a result, all trade occurs over roads and railroads.|
|Inspiration for Jungle Book||It’s interesting to note that Rudyard Kipling got the inspiration for “The Jungle Book” from the woodlands of Kanha National Park. The Pench National Reserve in Bhopal provided the backdrops and settings.|
Facts For Bhopal
- Bhopal was formerly known as “Bhojpal” in honor of the long-reigning king. The word “bhoj” is named after the Parmara monarch Bhoj, and the word “pal” means “dam” since this king built a number of dams to enclose the many lakes that are still visible in the city.
- Bhopal, which was an essential part of the kingdom of Bhoj in the past, may today be found in the center of India.
- It comes as a surprise to many that this city saw its heyday during the reign of the Muslim queens, sometimes known as the “Begums.” During the ladies’ reign in this city, the heights of the arts, public works, culture, and architecture were astoundingly high.
- The begums endowed the city with all of its essential components, including the postal and railway systems, the municipality, and the waterworks.
- The Bhimbetka rock shelters, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, are well known in Bhopal and are said to be the earliest examples of Stone Age rock paintings.
- Bhopal, another “City of Lakes,” is renowned for its lush greenery.
- The city is surrounded by lakes and greenery, which creates the most beautiful setting possible.
- The upper and lower lakes of Bhopal are, without a doubt, the focal point of interest in this location.
- After the Bhopal catastrophe, in December 1984, a Union Carbide pesticide manufacturing plant (now owned by Dow Chemical Company) spilled a cocktail of poisonous chemicals, primarily methyl isocyanate, causing one of the biggest industrial disasters in history and drawing attention from around the world.
- Bhopal residents continue to face logistical difficulties as a result of the Bhopal tragedy, which is still being discussed in socio-political contexts.
Maharashtra – Mumbai
Facts For Maharashtra
The economic, commercial, and entertainment center of India is Maharashtra. It features a breathtaking blend of unspoiled beaches and serene ruins of abandoned forts and cave temples in India’s western region. Maharashtra is the most urbanized state in India, but it is also home to some of the most advanced cities in the country, including Mumbai, Pune, and others. In order to distinguish Maharashtra from the other states, we present to you some Interesting Facts About Majestic Maharashtra.
|Oldest Name||Bombay State|
|Mineral Resources||Maharashtra is rich in mineral resources such as coal, iron ore, and bauxite. The state is also a leading producer of sugar and cotton.|
|Famous for||Maharashtra is famous for its rich cultural heritage and monuments such as the Ajanta and Ellora Caves, the Gateway of India and the Elephanta Caves.|
|Flora and Fauna||Maharashtra is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna, including animals such as the Indian leopard, the Indian bison and the Indian giant squirrel, and plants such as the teak and the bamboo.|
|Rivers||Maharashtra is home to many rivers such as the Godavari, the Krishna and the Tapi, which are important for irrigation, drinking water, and hydroelectric power generation.|
|State Animal||The state animal of Maharashtra is the Indian Giant Squirrel (Ratufa Indica)|
|State bird||The state bird of Maharashtra is the Yellow-footed green pigeon (Treron phoenicopterus)|
|State tree||The state tree of Maharashtra is the Mango tree (Mangifera indica)|
|State flower||The state flower of Maharashtra is the Jarul (Lagerstroemia speciosa)|
|Famous for||Maharashtra is famous for its rich cultural heritage, art forms such as Lavani, Tamasha, and its famous city Mumbai known as ‘The city of dreams.’|
Facts For Mumbai
The city formerly known as Bombay, which was formed and inspired by native Indians as well as colonial Portuguese and British control to become the distinctive city that it is, is full of UNESCO landmarks, a melting pot of cultures, and an astounding depth of history. Some of the interesting facts are listed here:
- Original Name and Meaning: Bombay was the original name of Mumbai. The name Bom Baim, which translates to “good little bay,” was given to the place by a Portuguese author.
- Name Derive From: Mumbai was given its name after the native goddess “Mumba Devi.” The words “Mumba,” a deity, and “aai,” a mother, were combined to create this name.
- Alpha World City: The city of Mumbai is considered to be either a Global city or an Alpha World city because of its role as a main connector in the global economic network.
- UNESCO World Heritage Site: The Elephanta Caves, located on the island of Elephanta, the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, or the Victoria Terminus, and a variety of Victorian and Art deco structures are the three most well-known world heritage sites that are located in Mumbai.
- An amalgamation of seven islands: It is well known that Mumbai is made up of seven islands. Isle of Bombay, Colaba, Old Woman’s Island (Little Colaba), Mahim, Mazagaon, Parel, and Worli were the original seven islands that made up Bombay. They amalgamated to form the modern-day metropolis.
- Financial, Commercial, and Entertainment capital of India: In addition to being known as the City of Dreams, Mumbai is also known as the Financial Capital of India because of the several stock market centers located there. Due to its extensive international reach and Bollywood, the Hindi film industry, it is the commercial and entertainment capital of India.
- The first train in India left from Mumbai: It is common knowledge that the first train in the history of the country ran from Mumbai Central to Thane, and this is a fact that pertains to both Mumbai and the railways.
- Juhu Aerodrome in Mumbai was India’s first airport: India’s first airport was the Juhu Aerodrome in Mumbai, which opened its doors in 1928. The city’s international airport, “Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport,” is currently regarded as India’s third-best airport overall.
Manipur – Imphal
Facts For Manipur
The northeastern Indian state of Manipur has Imphal as its capital. The Indian states of Mizoram to the south, Assam to the west, and Nagaland to the north form its borders. Additionally, it shares boundaries with two areas of Myanmar: Chin State to the south and Sagaing Region to the east.
It enables the migration of people, cultures, and religions by linking the Indian subcontinent and Central Asia to Southeast Asia, East Asia, Siberia, territories in the Arctic, Micronesia, and Polynesia.
Some of the interesting facts are as follows:
|Oldest Name||Essentially, Manipur is made up of two Sanskrit terms. One is “Mani,” which means jewel, and the other is “pur,” which signifies land or a place of living. Manipur can therefore be referred to as the “Jewelled Land.”|
|Various Historical Names||Manipur has had various names throughout history according to various dates. It has been referred to as Meeteileipaak or Kangleipaak in numerous historical accounts. Meidengu Pamheiba is said to have given Manipur its current name in the eighteenth century.|
|Rarities of Manipur||Among the area’s oddities are the Sangai deer and the floating islands at Loktak Lake.|
|Some economical aspects||Manipur’s economy is largely centered on agriculture, forestry, cottage industry, and trade. Manipur boasts the most handicraft businesses and artists in India’s northeast and serves as a gateway to the country’s eastern area.|
|Flora and Fauna||a. The Hoolock Gibbon, the Sloe Loris, the Clauded Leopard, the Spotted Linshang, Mrs. Hume’s Barbacked Pheasant, Blyths Tragopan, Burmese Pea-Fowl, four different species of Hornbills, etc. are just a few examples of the diverse natural fauna of Manipur, which is also home to Siroi Lily, the only terrestrial lily grown on the hilltops of Siroi. b. Sangai the dancing deer is the most distinctive, though. c. Salamanders, sometimes known as “Lengwa,” can be found in Ukhrul near the base of Siroi.|
|Royal Game||The East India Company also learned how to play polo from Manipur, where it first developed. Polo is regarded as a royal game.|
|First floating elementary school in India||The floating islands of Loktak Lake are home to India’s first-ever floating elementary school, which can be found in the state of Manipur. The school is called Loktak Elementary Floating School.|
Facts For Imphal
- Name derived from: Its name is derived from the word “Yumphal,” which means “land of many villages,” and its topography is made up of a variety of hills, valleys, woods, and rivers such as the Iril, Sekmai, Thoubal, and Khuga.
- Has the oldest Polo ground: Since Manipur’s Sagol Kangjei is the source of the modern game of polo, it is not unexpected that the Imphal Polo Ground is the oldest polo field in the world.
- The Commonwealth War Graves Commission oversees the Imphal War Cemetery, which honors Indian and British soldiers who fought and perished in 1944 during World War II.
- Women-operated market: In addition, the city of Imphal is home to the largest women-operated market in all of Asia. This market is known as the Ima Keithel (Mothers’ Market).
- The market has been around since the 16th century and currently has between 5,000 and 6,000 female sellers who sell a wide variety of goods.
Meghalaya – Shillong
Facts For Meghalaya
|Meaning||In Sanskrit, the term ‘alaya’ means abode, while the word ‘megha’ means ‘clouds;’ hence, the meaning of Meghalaya is the ‘abode of ‘clouds.’ In 1972, it was created from two Assam districts. Meghalaya had formerly been regarded as a part of Assam.|
|Geographical facts||a. Mountains, valleys, and plateaus are all found in this state. b. Coal, limestones, sillimanite, and other archean rock formations can be found there. c. Meghalaya is home to a number of rivers, including the Ganol, Daring, Sanda, Khri, and Mawpa. d. The Khasi hills, which may be found in the center of the state, are the highest of the remainder of the state’s hills.|
|Well-known for||a. Sacred groves like The Mawphlang, sometimes called Law Lyngdoh, are another feature of the state. b. Additionally, the state is well-known for the cultivation of crops such as cashew nuts, tomatoes, and mushrooms.|
|Flora and Fauna||a. In the state, forests cover between 70% and 80% of the land. b. It primarily consists of subtropical forests. c. The Nongkhyllem Wildlife Sanctuary, The Siju Sanctuary, and The Baghmara Sanctuary are the three wildlife sanctuaries in the state. d. Numerous different types of plants, including epiphytes, succulents, and shrubs, can be found in the woods of Meghalaya. e. Nearly 320 different orchid species may be found throughout the state. f. Additionally, the state is home to a variety of mammals, birds, reptiles, and insects.|
|State Symbol||Motto: Satyameva Jayate Mammal: Leopard Birds: Hill Myna Trees: Gamhar Flower: Lady’s Slipper Orchid|
Facts For Shilong
Shillong, the nation named after the child of a peasant girl, is home to six exquisite but beautiful languages and is hidden among the seven sisters of the North East. The city of Shillong is a treasure trove full of mysteries and has a long list of riddles connected to it. Some most astonishing facts about Shillong are presented to you here.
- History: The first historical fact is that Shillong was formerly a little village that few people even knew existed. Later, in an odd but successful turn of events, it became recognized as the civil station for British India. In no time at all, the Britishers had designated it as their headquarters.
- Glen Eagle of the East: The largest and most impressive golf course on the continent may be found at Shillong. Out of all the golf courses, this one, known as “Glen Eagle of the East,” is not only the biggest but also the wettest. Since it is a natural course and not man-made, this kind of golf course is quite rare.
- Four-way round: Shillong is connected to roads on all four sides. Shillong has given the people something that some of the biggest and most well-known cities and states haven’t: a comprehensive network of roadways.
- Scotland of East: The rolling hills surrounding the town are claimed to have reminded the British of Scotland. As a consequence of this, they also referred to it as the “Scotland of the East.”
Mizoram – Aizawl
Facts For Mizoram
Mizoram, often known as the Land of Mountains, is well-renowned for the wide variety of cultural celebrations that it hosts.
|Oldest Name||The Lushai Hills District of Assam was the previous name for Mizoram. In 1954, the area that was once known as the Lushai Hills became known as the Mizo Hills District. After being proclaimed a Union territory in 1972, the Mizo Hills District adopted its current name, Mizoram.|
|Meaning||Since ‘mi’ in Mizoram refers to the people, ‘zo’ refers to the hills, and ‘ram’ refers to the nation, we can deduce that Mizoram is a country inhabited by people who live in the hills.|
|First language||The Mizo language, also known as Lusei, was the first tongue of Mizoram.|
|Type of farming||The Slash and Burn or shifting cultivation form of farming is the one that is most frequently observed in Mizoram.|
|Blue Mountain||The South-East region of Mizoram is home to Phawngpui Tlang, popularly referred to as the Blue Mountain, which is a popular tourist destination.|
|Biggest river||The biggest river in the state is the Chhimtuipui, sometimes referred to as Kaladan.|
|Biggest Lake||The biggest lake in the state of Mizoram is called Palak Lake and it is located in the Saiha district.|
|Highest Waterfall||The highest and most impressive of all the waterfalls and cascades in Mizoram’s swiftly flowing rivers is called Vantawng Khawhthla, or Vantawng Fall. It is situated in the Vanva River, close to Thenzawl, and was given the name Vantawnga in honor of the reputedly skilled swimmer.|
|State Symbol||Animal: Serow Bird: Mrs. Hume’s Pheasant Tree: Indian Rose Chestnut Flower: Red Vanda|
Facts For Aizawl
- The state of Mizoram in India has Aizawl as its capital. The city of Aizawl was formally founded on February 25, 1890.
- The location of city is north of the Tropic of Cancer.
- Males make up around 49% of the population of Aizawl, according to the 2011 Indian census, while females make up about 51% of the city’s population.
- The religion of Christianity is practiced by the vast majority of residents in the city that serves as the capital of Mizoram.
- Predominantly Presbyterians make up the Christian population.
- The economy of Aizawl is supported by government services.
- In Aizawl, football is the most widely-played sport.
Nagaland – Kohima
Facts For Nagaland
In 1963, on December 1st, Nagaland became the sixteenth state of India. In addition to having an international border with Myanmar, the state of Nagaland is bounded to the northwest by the state of Assam, to the north by the state of Arunachal Pradesh, and to the south by the state of Manipur.
The state is particularly well-known for the Hornbill festival that is held there and for the Japfu peak, both of which see the highest number of tourists each year.
Some of the interesting facts are discussed below:
|Oldest Name||The oldest name of Nagaland is “Naga Hills” which was given by the British.|
|State Symbols||a. State animal – Mithun b. State bird – Blyth’s Tragopan – Tragopan blythii c. State tree – Alder (Alnus nepalensis) d. State flower – Rhododendron arboreum e. Highest peak – Mount Saramati f. 2nd highest peak – Japfu Peak (3,048 m) g. Languages – Nagamese, Ao-Naga, Tenyidie h. Official language – English i. Major crops – Rice, Maize, Millet, Rubber|
|Protected Areas||Ntangki National Park Singphan Wildlife Sanctuary Puliebadze Wildlife Sanctuary Fakim Wildlife Sanctuary|
|Falcon capital of the world||An international group of ornithologists proclaimed Nagaland the Falcon Capital of the World after estimating that one million Amur Falcons roost there.|
|Seven Sisters||The states of Arunachal Pradesh, Tripura, Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Manipur, and Nagaland were jointly referred to as the Seven Sisters States before Sikkim was added to India’s northeastern area. When the new states were established in January 1972, journalist Jyoti Prasad Saikia came up with the moniker “Land of the Seven Sisters.”|
Facts For Kohima
- Nagaland, whose capital is Kohima, is a small state in northeastern India.
- When the British Empire established its headquarters in what was then the Naga Hills District of Assam Province, Kohima, which had previously been known as Kewhira, was formed in 1878.
- After the state of Nagaland was formally established in 1963, it was designated as the capital.
- The word “Kewhira” is the source of the name Kohima. The town of Kohima is situated in Kewhira village.
- Another name for Kohima village is “Bara Basti.” Being the second-largest village in Asia, this one is well-known.
- In World War II, one of the bloodiest fights took place at Kohima.
- Three districts were divided up into separate areas of Kohima at various stages in history.
- In 2004, Peren district was formed from Kohima district.
- Dimapur district was formed in 1998 from Kohima district.
Odisha – Bhubaneswar
Facts For Odisha
In British India, the present state of Odisha was founded on April 1. Areas that spoke Oriya were incorporated into the state. The first of April is observed in Odisha as “Utkal Dibas (Day),” which is the state’s founding day. The word “Utkal” for the state appears in India’s national anthem.
For the first five years, Cuttack remained the state’s capital. After the 14th of April, Bhubaneswar replaced Cuttack as the capital of Odisha.
Some of its interesting facts are given below:
|Oldest Name||The oldest name of Odisha is “Kalinga” which means “the land of culture” in the ancient Indian language.|
|Mineral Resources||Odisha is rich in mineral resources such as bauxite, iron ore, and coal. The state is also a leading producer of chromite and manganese.|
|Largest open-air theatre in the world||Odisha’s Dhanu Yatra, which takes place in the Bargarh district, is the largest open-air theatre in the world.|
|Temple inside the sea||One of the outstanding examples of workmanship and inventiveness in Odisha is the sun temple at Konark, which was constructed undersea. Its architectural design was stunning.|
|Zoological park||The Nandan Kanan zoological park in Odisha is home to the largest lion safari as well as the only white tiger safari. In the Nandan Kanan zoological park in Odisha, there are 34 rare white tigers.|
|The largest egg is found here||The world’s largest egg, measuring about 13 inches in size and coming from the flightless elephant bird, is kept in Odisha’s regional museum of natural history.|
|Leaning Temple||In Sambalpur, Odisha, there is the only leaning temple in the entire globe. This temple is commonly referred to as the “leaning temple of Huma.”|
|Missiles are tested||On the wheeler island of Odisha, India tests the majority of its missiles. The Agni, Akash, and Prithvi missiles are a few well-known missiles.|
|India Surf Festival||The India Surf Festival, one of India’s most distinctive and well-known festivals, was born in Odisha.|
|Deepest port||Dharma, which is located in Odisha, is another one of the deepest ports after the port of Gujarat.|
|Longest earthen dam in the world||Odisha is home to the world’s longest earthen dam. The name of this dam is Hirakud Dam.|
|In which country, Odia Language is spoken?||Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Burma, Malaysia, Indonesia, Bangladesh, and other nations also speak the Odia language.|
|Kashmir of Odisha||Daringbadi is referred to as the Kashmir of Odisha. Winters bring unforeseen snowfall to the area.|
|Pigeons are preferred for sending messages||Pigeons were utilized by the Odisha police until 2008 to deliver messages to remote areas of the state.|
|Flora and Fauna||a. In Odisha, there are more than 479 different bird species. b. There are around 110 different kinds of reptiles that may be found in the state of Odisha. c. Odisha is home to the endangered Olive Ridley Turtle. d. Kendu leaves, which are frequently farmed in Odisha, significantly boost the state’s economy. e. In India, the country’s first wetland of worldwide significance was created. f. In 1981, Chilka Lake was constructed. There are more than 400 vertebrate species there.|
Facts For Bhubaneswar
The state of Odisha in India has Bhubaneshwar as its capital. It is the largest city in the Indian state of Odisha. Some of its interesting facts are:
- “Lord of the world” is the meaning of the name Bhubaneswar.
- Bhubaneswar’s name is derived from Tribhubaneswar, which refers to Shiva as the Lord (Eeswar) of the Three Worlds (Tribhuban).
- There are numerous temples in this city. Therefore, another name for it is “Temple city of India.”
- Bhubaneswar, Puri, and Konark together make up the Swarna Tribhuja, or “Golden Triangle.”
- The political capital of Odisha was moved to Bhubaneshwar in 1948. This was preceded by Cuttack. Together, Bhubaneshwar and Cuttack are referred to as Orissa’s “twin cities.”
- Otto Königsberger, a German architect, created the modern city in 1946. It was one of the earliest planned cities in modern India, along with Jamshedpur and Chandigarh. It was one of the earliest planned cities in modern India, along with Jamshedpur and Chandigarh.
- It served as the ancient capital of Kalinga, and Dhauli, which is close to Bhubaneswar, is the site of the legendary conflict between Emperor Ashoka and the Kalinga army that led to Ashoka’s conversion to Buddhism.
- The names Toshali, Kalinga Nagari, Nagar Kalinga, Chakra Kshetra, Ekamra Kanan, Ekamra Kshetra, and Mandira Malini Nagari (“City of Temples”) have all been used to refer to Bhubaneswar.
Punjab, a state in northwest India, is renowned for its distinct culture and customs. The first civilization of South Asia first rose to prominence in Punjab, which was the old hub of settlement on the Indian Subcontinent, circa 2500 BC. Punjab has been looted and ruled by numerous invaders from South Asia as a result of its geographical location.
Some of its interesting facts are:
|Name derived from||Punjab, which means “the land of five rivers,” was so named because of the five rivers that run through it. The word Punjab is derived from the Persian words Panj for five and Aab for water. The term “Punjab” was created in this manner.|
|Oldest Name||Punjab was formerly referred to as Trigarta. It was a kingdom, just like in the Mahabharata, an old text. The Mahabharata mentions two distinct Trigarta kingdoms, one to the north of the Kuru Kingdom and the other to the west of the Sivi Kingdom. The region encircling the Satluj, Beas, and Ravi rivers is known as Trigarta. There is a widespread thought that the monarchs of Trigarta were allies of the antagonist Duryodhana. When the Pandavas were hiding out there, they had attacked the Virata kingdom.|
|Land of five rivers||Sutlej, Ravi, Beas, Jhelum and Chenab are the five rivers that pass through the state of Punjab.|
|Silly Walk ceremony||Following the partition of India and Pakistan, the village of Attari was given to India, while the village of Wagah was incorporated into Pakistan. On a daily basis, the Wagah-Attari border is the site of an ancient ceremonial that begins two hours before sunset. The event is officially known as the “Silly Walk ceremony.”|
|Green Revolution||Punjab is fortunate to have five rivers, which make the soil there fertile and nourishing for growing crops. It was chosen to implement the Green Revolution initiative in the late 1960s for this reason.|
|Agriculture aspect||It is the most agriculturally productive state in India because 84% of its land is used for farming. The production of India’s staple grains, rice, and wheat, is primarily contributed by Punjab presently. 17% and 11%, respectively, of India’s wheat and rice are supplied by Punjab.|
|The place of the first planned city||India’s first planned city following Independence is Chandigarh, the capital of Punjab.|
Rajasthan – Jaipur
Facts For Rajasthan
|Oldest Name||The oldest name of Rajasthan is “Rajputana” which means “land of the Rajputs” in the ancient Indian language.|
|Mineral Resources||Rajasthan is rich in mineral resources such as lead, zinc, copper, rock phosphate, and silver. The state is also a leading producer of garnet and feldspar.|
|Famous for||Rajasthan is famous for its rich cultural heritage, traditional dances such as Ghoomar and Kalbeliya, and its forts and palaces such as the Hawa Mahal, Amber Fort and the Mehrangarh Fort.|
|Flora and Fauna||Rajasthan is home to a diverse range of flora and fauna, including animals such as the Bengal tiger, the Indian leopard, and the Great Indian bustard, and plants such as the cactus and the babul.|
|Rivers||Rajasthan is home to many rivers such as the Chambal, the Banas, and the Luni, which are important for irrigation, drinking water, and hydroelectric power generation.|
|State Animal||The state animal of Rajasthan is the Camel (Camelus dromedarius)|
|State bird||The state bird of Rajasthan is the Great Indian Bustard (Ardeotis nigriceps)|
|State tree||The state tree of Rajasthan is the Kadamba (Neolamarckia cadamba)|
|State flower||The state flower of Rajasthan is the Rohida (Tecomella undulata)|
|Unique feature||Rajasthan is known for its rich cultural heritage, traditional art forms such as Blue Pottery, and its famous annual event ‘Pushkar Camel Fair’|
Facts For Jaipur
- A UNESCO World Heritage Site, the ancient walled city of Jaipur is enclosed by gates and walls. UNESCO characterizes Jaipur as: “an expression of the astronomical skills, living traditions, unique urban form and exemplary innovative city planning of an 18th-century city from India.”
- Built-in the first half of the 18th century, the Jantar Mantar is a location for astronomical observation. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site that is defined as constitutes:
“the most significant and best-preserved set of fixed monumental instruments built in India in the first half of the 18th century; some of them are the largest ever built in their categories.”
- The Hawa Mahal is among Jaipur’s most well-known sights. It is also among the most stunning structures in the entire globe. Hawa Mahal is known as “The Palace of the Winds” in English.
- The city of Jaipur was painted pink by Sawai Ram Singh in 1876. The color pink symbolizes hospitality. In order to greet Edward, Prince of Wales, and Queen Victoria, who were in Jaipur, warmly, he did this. Jaipur is known as the “Pink City” for a second reason, namely the usage of pink terracotta stone in the majority of the city’s structures and monuments.
- Together with Delhi and Agra, Jaipur forms the renowned Golden Triangle of India.
- Locals claim that Jawahar Circle is the largest circular park in all of Asia and that it was constructed on a highway traffic circle.
Sikkim – Gangtok
Facts For Sikkim
Given that it has more than 200 monasteries, Sikkim, a state in northeastern India, is often known as the “land of monasteries.” In the northeast, it is known to share borders with Tibet and China, while the east and west border Bhutan and Nepal respectively.
Sikkim, like every other state in the union, is renowned for its distinct culture, which is comprised of the traditions, values, and practices of three distinct ethnic groups: the Lepchas, the Bhutias, and the Nepalese.
Some of its interesting facts are as follows:
|Map||Only one Indian state—West Bengal—shares the state’s border. It is entirely encircled by mountains, and the Rangeet River is its only known supply of fresh water.|
|Incorporated into India in 1975||Prior to its incorporation into India in 1975, the state of Sikkim functioned as an independent country.|
|Founded by||The Namgyal Dynasty laid the foundation for Sikkim.|
|UNESCO World Heritage site||It is the site of the Kanchenjunga National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage site.|
|Highest peak||Sikkim is home to Kanchenjunga Peak, which is the highest peak in all of India.|
|Language spoken||Hindi, English, Sikkimese, and Nepali are the languages that are spoken in Sikkim.|
|Environmentally conscious state||The state is renowned as being the most environmentally concerned state and has prohibited plastic water bottles. Since it was awarded the title of “Cleanest State” in 2016, Sikkim is widely acknowledged as having the cleanest ecology of any state.|
|Organic State||Sikkim similarly proclaimed itself a completely organic state in 2016.|
|The second largest producer of cardamom||Cardamom and ginger are two well-known cash crops grown in Sikkim. It also ranks as the world’s second-largest cardamom producer.|
|Dalle Khorsani||It is renowned for producing the spiciest chili in the world, Dalle Khorsani.|
|State Symbol||Mammal: Red Panda Bird: Blood Pheasant Tree: Rhododendron Flower: Nobile Orchid|
Facts For Gangtok
Following the erection of the Enchey Monastery in 1840, Gangtok became well-known as a well-liked Buddhist pilgrimage site. Sikkim made the decision to continue as an independent monarchy with Gangtok as its capital when India gained independence from the British Empire in 1947. Gangtok continued to serve as Sikkim’s state capital even after the state united with India in 1975.
Tamil Nadu – Chennai
Facts For Tamil Nadu
Tamil Nadu, an Indian coastal state known for its rich culture and history, is situated in the country’s southeast. Tamil Nadu is a culturally diverse state that has a lot to offer tourists, from its temples to its art and cuisine.
With a strong economy, it is also one of India’s most industrialized states. Here are some intriguing details about Tamil Nadu you might not be aware of!
|How the State got its name?||The State Reorganization Act of 1956 is responsible for giving Tamil Nadu its name. In this act, linguistic distinctions served as the basis for state boundaries. On January 14, 1969, Chief Minister C.N. Annadurai changed the name of this state in the south.|
|3 dynasties ruled Tamil Nadu||Three dynasties—the Cholas, Pandyas, and Pallavas—have each controlled this state at different times.|
|Mineral Resources||Tamil Nadu is rich in mineral resources such as lignite, limestone, magnesite, mica, quartz, felspar, bauxite, and gypsum.|
|Second largest mangrove forest in the world||The second-largest mangrove forest in the world is called Pichavaram, and it is situated in the Cuddalore district of Tamil Nadu.|
|Kurinji flowers||In Kodaikanal’s mountainous areas, kurinji flowers thrive. These blooms only bloom for a few weeks every twelve years. The next flowering should occur around the year 2030. The Kodaikanal hills take on a lovely blue hue when these flowers are in bloom.|
|Rivers||Tamil Nadu is home to many rivers such as Chittar, Bhavani, Kaveri, Meyar, Palar, Ponnaiyar, Amravati, Vaigal, Tamaraparni, and Cheyyar. The Kaveri river is the biggest, stretching for 760 kilometers.|
|Which countries speak Tamil?||In addition to Tamil Nadu, numerous other nations, like Malaysia, Mauritius, and Sri Lanka, also speak the Tamil language.|
|Nilgiri Malai, a region of the Western Ghats in Tamil Nadu||A portion of the Western Ghats known as the Nilgiri Malai passes across Tamil Nadu. Numerous plant and animal species can be found in this area, along with some of India’s oldest rocks. Due to its picturesque views and trekking pathways, the Nilgiri Malai is another well-liked tourist attraction.|
|Motto||Vandhorai Vaazhavaikum Tamilarinam, the state’s famed motto, is certainly true to form in Tamil Nadu. It implies that Tamil Nadu is a welcoming land where everyone may make a life in a hospitable manner.|
Facts For Chennai
- Chennai, formerly known as Madras Patnam, was situated in the Tondaimandalam province, in a region between the Pennar rivers of Nellore and Cuddalore. Kancheepuram served as the province’s capital.
- The word Chennai has its roots in the Telugu language. It was formed from the name of a Telugu ruler named Damarla Mudirasa Chennappa Nayakudu, the father of Damarla Venkatapathy Nayak, a Nayak ruler who served as a general under Venkata III of the Vijayanagar Empire and from whom the British obtained the town in 1639.
- The name Madras was formally changed to Chennai by the Tamil Nadu government in 1996. During this time period, the names of several different Indian cities were altered.
- Bharatnatyam, one of the most well-known and ancient Indian classical dance styles, which has its roots in Tamil Nadu, is well-known in Chennai.
- The only city in India to have experienced an attack during World War II was Chennai.
- The “Gateway to South India” is another name for Chennai.
- Marina Beach, located in Chennai, is the second-largest beach in the world.
- Chennai, also known as the Detroit of South Asia, is the automobile capital of India.
- The Vandalur Zoo, which is located in Chennai and was established in 1855, holds the distinction of being both the first public zoo in India and the largest of its kind in India.
- The oldest jail in India is Chennai Central Prison.
Telangana – Hyderabad
Facts For Telangana
Telangana officially became the newest and youngest state in India on June 2, 2014. According to legend, the 29th state is approximately two thousand years old and has ties to powerful empires like the Satvahanas, Kakatiyas, Ikshvakus, Qutb Shahis, and Asif Jahis. Here are some interesting facts about it:
|Origin of name||According to legend, Trilinga Desa is where Telangana’s name originates. In this region of the nation, Lord Shiva, who is revered as a deity, descended in the form of a linga in one of the Trilinga Desa’s three mountains. Telangana was a mountain among them.|
|the site of several Indian dynasties||The state has long served as a vibrant hub for the nation’s cultural heritage and spiritual development. It served as the center of enormous ruling dynasties as the Mauryan empire, Satavahana Dynasty, Chalukya Dynasty, and Kakatiya Dynasty.|
|Famous for||Telangana is widely known for its arts and crafts. Bidri Craft, Banjara Needle Crafts, Dokra Metal Crafts, Nirmal Arts, and Bronze Castings are a few well-known names. Telangana is a well-known tourist destination with historical attractions like the Taj Falaknuma Palace, Ramappa Temple, the UNESCO World Heritage Site, and Warangal Fort and Charminar.|
|Presence of a lake with a heart shape||The Hussain Sagar Lake is a peculiarly shaped lake in Hyderabad, the state capital of Telangana. This is regarded as one of Telangana’s most intriguing characteristics.|
|State Symbol||State tree- Jammi Chettu (Prosopis Cineraria) State bird- Palapitta (Blue Jay) State animal- Jinka (Deer)|
Facts For Hyderabad
- City of Pearls: Hyderabad is known as the City of Pearls since it is one of the main producers of natural pearls and a significant participant in the diamond industry.
- Biggest Monolithic Buddha Statue: This magnificent Buddha monument, which stands 18 meters tall and weighs around 450 tons, is the biggest single rock statue in the entire globe.
- Kohinoor: One of the most costly stones in the world, was first discovered at the Golconda mines.
- Hi-Tech City: Hyderabad is one of the fastest-growing IT hubs in India and is frequently referred to as the “Hi-Tech city.” Here, offices and workstations for organizations like Nokia, Yahoo, Oracle, Microsoft, Dell, AMD, Accenture, Amazon, and others have been created.
- Residence of India’s President: Rashtrapati Nilayam, a one-story structure, is situated in Bolarum. The President’s Secretariat received it from the Nizam of Hyderabad after India gained its independence. At least once a year, usually in the winter, the President of India travels to Rashtrapati Nilayam and does official business there.
- The City of Artificial Lakes: Among the 140 lakes in Hyderabad, Hussain Sagar, Osman Sagar, and Himayat Sagar are the most well-known because of the dams on the Musi River.
- Lengthiest Flyover in India: With a length of almost 11.6 kilometers, the P V Narasimha Rao Elevated Expressway Corridor is the longest flyover in India. It was designed to create a direct connection to the nearby airport.
Tripura – Agartala
Facts For Tripura
India’s northeastern region includes Tripura. To the north, west, and south is Bangladesh. In addition, it has borders with Assam to the northeast and Mizoram to the east. On January 21, 1972, the state of Tripura was created.
|History||Maharajas of the Manikya dynasty was in charge of the former princely state of Tripura. Even when the British ruled India, the Maharaja maintained control over an independent administrative division. However, this independence was qualified because it was contingent on the British acknowledging each succeeding ruler’s supreme authority.|
|House of Bamboo||Tripura is referred to as the “House of Bamboo.” Bamboo is a fundamental component of state culture since it is present in everyday life and is used in a variety of crafts.|
|Mountain Ranges||The five ranges that make up the small, hilly state of Tripura are the Jampui Range, Shakan Range, Langtarai Range, Atharamura Range, Deotamura Range, and Baramura Range. The state’s highest peak is the Jampui Range.|
|Rivers||There are many rivers in Tripura, and they are all rain-fed. So, the majority of them are temporary. Hill ranges are the source of many of the state’s major rivers. Tripura is home to several notable rivers, including Bijay, Deo, Dhalai, Feni, Gumti, Haora, and Juri.|
|Flora and Fauna||There are numerous species of flora and fauna in the little state of Tripura. The state is home to four significant wildlife sanctuaries, including Trishna Wildlife, Sepahijala Wildlife Sanctuary, Rowa Wildlife Sanctuary, and Gumti Wildlife Sanctuary. The sanctuaries have a wide variety of tree species. Some of them, including Kurcha, Tulsi, Vasak, Sarpaganda, Rudraksha, Bel, Chirata, Kalamegh, etc., also have therapeutic properties. It is the natural habitat of many different kinds of mammals, such as the Indian Bison, the Hoolock Gibbon, the Lalmukh Bandar, the Capped Langur, the Wild boar, the Leopard, and many others. In Tripura, wintertime sightings of migrating birds include the Large Wader, Northern Shoveler, Greater Flamingo, Black-Tailed Godwit, and many more.|
|State Symbol||State tree – Agar (Aquilaria malaccensis) State flower – Nageswar (Mesua ferrea) Official state animal – Phayre’s leaf monkey State bird – Green imperial pigeon|
Facts For Agartala
- The capital of Tripura is Agartala. It is a small yet beautiful state that is situated in India’s northeast.
- The name Agartala is thought to have been formed from the terms “Agar” and “Tala,” a reference to the abundance of Agarwood trees in the area, and is further corroborated by other sources.
- In Agartala, the word “Agar” is also used in reference to the great monarch Raghu, who used an Agar tree to tie up his elephant’s feet on the banks of the Lauhitya.
- From Udaipur to Old Agartala, the capital of Tripura was moved in 1660 by Maharaja Krishna Manikya (1748–1783). Later, the reign of King Krishna Kishore Manikya (1830–1849) saw the relocation of his capital from Old Agartala to the modern city of Agartala.
- The state’s reigning king created a Masterplan for Agartala in the years 1936–1937, which is regarded as one of the earliest examples of modern urban planning.
- With a population of about 5.7 lahks, Agartala is the second-most populated city in Northeast India, according to the 2022 census.
- It is being developed as part of the Smart Cities Mission and is India’s third international internet gateway.
- Agartala, which is located on the Howrah River’s banks, is not far from Bangladesh’s geographic border. The magnificence of the city’s past draws tourists and adventurers.
Uttar Pradesh – Lucknow
Facts For Uttar Pradesh
It was established as United Province in 1937 and received Uttar Pradesh status in 1950. In 1950, the name was changed to Uttar Pradesh. UP is the fourth-largest state in India by area. Lucknow serves as its capital. Uttarakhand was separated from UP in November 2000.
It is also the most populous state in India and is home to several major cities such as Lucknow, Varanasi, and Agra. Here are some interesting facts:
|Various Names Over the Past Century||The state was given the name United Provinces of Agra and Oudh on March 22, 1902. The state was given the name United Provinces of British India in January 1921. The state adopted the name United Provinces on April 1, 1937. The name of the state was changed to Uttar Pradesh on January 24, 1950, following India’s Independence. The state of Uttrakhand was split off on November 9th, 2000.|
|Birthplace of Gods||One of the 16 Mahajanapadas, the Kingdom of Kosala, was situated inside what is now the state of Uttar Pradesh. Lord Rama was born at Ayodhya, the capital of the Kosala kingdom. Lord Krishna, the central character in the Hindu epic Mahabharata, was born at Mathura, another Mahajanapada. Additionally, Mathura is a part of Uttar Pradesh.|
|Once Home To Most Powerful Empires||One of the strongest empires in the history of the nation—Magadh, Nand, Maurya, Kushan, Sunga, Mughals, etc.—was based in Uttar Pradesh.|
|A Tree From Heaven||According to legend, Lord Krishna brought the Parijaat tree from heaven. The flowers on this tree can appear in a variety of colors.|
|Rivers||The Ganga, Yamuna, Ramganga, Gomti, and Ghagra rivers are the state’s principal rivers. Except for Gomti, all of these rivers leave the Himalayas. From the Gomat taal (Fulhaar jheel) in the UP district of Pilibhit, Gomti emerges.|
|Touches 8 States and a single Union Territory||Uttar Pradesh is the only state that borders eight other states and one union territory: Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh in the northwest, Delhi, Haryana, and Rajasthan in the west, Madhya Pradesh in the south, Chhattisgarh in the southeast, Bihar and Jharkhand in the east. Additionally, it shares a border with the neighboring nation of Nepal.|
|Different Crops In Different Regions||In different parts of Uttar Pradesh, various crops are grown. The primary crops in the northwest region include sugarcane, rice, maize, cotton, etc., and in the southwest region, they are wheat, rice, mango, guava, oilseed, tobacco, groundnut, and potato. Wheat, rice, and chilies are the primary crops in eastern Uttar Pradesh.|
|Sugarcane bowl of India||The state is known as the “Sugarcane Bowl of India” since it produces half of the nation’s sugarcane.|
|Ganga And Yamuna’s Home State||The Ganga Yamuna Doab region is located in the state of Uttar Pradesh. The state is crossed by the Ganga and Yamuna, the state’s two major rivers, before they empty into the Bay of Bengal.|
|State Symbol||State Tree – Ashoka State Flower – Palash State Animal – Swamp Deer State Bird – Sarus Crane|
|Not bigger than Uttar Pradesh is the United Kingdom.||The United Kingdom has an area comparable to Uttar Pradesh. The United Kingdom has a total land area of 242,495 square kilometers, while Uttar Pradesh has 243,290 square kilometers of land (slightly bigger than the U.K.). According to the area, it is India’s fourth-largest state.|
|Land of action||The state of Uttar Pradesh is known as Gautam Buddha’s “land of action” (Karm-Bhoomi). At Sarnath, he preached for the first time.|
|Heartland of Hindi||Uttar Pradesh is also known as the “Heartland of Hindi.” Hindi literature flourished thanks to the contributions of notable authors from antiquity and the middle ages, including Kabirdas, Tulsidas, Surdas, Vishnu Sharma, and Malik Mohammad Jayasi; modern authors Prem Chand, Jaishankar Prasad, Bhartendu Harischandra, Mahadevi Verma, Harivansh Rai Bachhan, and Bhagwati Charan Verma; and countless others.|
|Seven wonders of the world||The Taj Mahal is one of the 7 wonders of the world. It dwells in Agra, a city in Uttar Pradesh.|
|Worlds largest gathering takes place||Every 12 years, the Kumbh or Kumbha Mela (Fair), the largest gathering on earth, is held in Prayagraj or Allahabad. From every corner of the globe, millions of devotees make the journey to this sacred spot to immerse themselves in the waters of the Ganges. The Kumbha Mela is organized at one of the four important pilgrimage sites, Allahabad. According to the sources, the Allahabad Kumbh Mela registered a total of 12 crores, which is equivalent to 120 million people visits in 2013. This makes it the largest human gathering in the history of the world.|
Facts For Lucknow
- The Mughal Empire is responsible for Lucknow’s cultural and historical development.
- When the Mughal Emperors of the time selected Nawabs to oversee the efficient governance of Awadh, Lucknow became the cradle of the Nawabi dynasty.
- Lucknow had grown exponentially since the second part of the 18th century in every field, including poetry, music, dance, and others.
- The city’s golden era was under the rule of the fourth Nawab Asaf-ud-Daula.
- During the British rule of India, the administrative center was moved from Awadh to Lucknow. The city saw numerous revolts against British rule.
- However, following India’s independence in 1947, Lucknow was designated as the state capital of Uttar Pradesh.
- Tallest clock tower: Husainabad Clocktower, with its astounding height of 221 feet, claims to be one of the tallest clock towers in the nation.
- Home to the biggest park in Asia: Janeshwar Mishra Park, which covers an area of more than 376 acres, is renowned for being Asia’s largest park. The park has two water features that draw migratory birds, which enhances the natural beauty of the landscape. According to sources, a toy train and laser shows are also planned to increase the park’s amusement value.
- At the beginning of the 20th century, Lucknow supported the Khilafat Movement, a Muslim political movement that called for the creation of an Islamic nation outside of British India.
- Turkish Gateway: Turkish architecture has an impact on Lucknow’s legacy, which is one of the city’s noteworthy facts. For instance, the Rumi Darwaza, the 60-foot-tall medieval gateway to Lucknow, is comparable to Constantinople’s Gateway. The Rumi Darwaza is known as the Turkish Gateway for this reason.
- Bara Imambara is a massive structure and one of Lucknow’s top tourist destinations. Asia’s largest hall is housed in Bara Imambara without the use of any extra pillars or beams. Approximately 22,000 workers were employed during the building of this historic monument.
- Summer Resort: The architecture in Lucknow is a fusion of elements from several nations. The architecture of Europe serves as inspiration for the University of Lucknow. Dilkusha Kothi, one of the historical palaces, is a prime example of English Baroque architecture. A British citizen constructed it circa 1800 as a summer resort.
Uttarakhand – Dehradun
Facts For Uttarakhand
Often referred to as the Land of the Gods, Uttarakhand is one of India’s most picturesque states. Here, the natural beauty and landscape deceive your perception into thinking you are somewhere else.
The area is a paradise for explorers because it is also home to a number of intriguing and unexplored shrines, temples, and forts. However, Uttarakhand may be visited for more reasons than just its beauty and architecture. Here are some interesting and unique facts about Uttarakhand that you may not know:
|Dev Bhoomi||A number of religious places, including Haridwar, Rishikesh, Gangotri, Yamunotri, Badrinath, and Kedarnath, are located in Uttarakhand, which is why it is known as Dev Bhoomi, the abode of gods.|
|The Land of Char Dhams||Uttarakhand is home to the famous Char Dhams, four sacred Hindu pilgrimage sites, namely- Yamunotri, Gangotri, Kedarnath, and Badrinath.|
|The Land of Temples||Uttarakhand is home to many ancient temples such as the Kedarnath Temple, the Badrinath Temple, and the Kainchi Dham Temple Temple.|
|The Land of Adventure Sports||Uttarakhand is a popular destination for adventure sports such as river rafting, paragliding, and skiing.|
|The second-highest peak in India||At 7816 meters above sea level, Nanda Devi Peak in Uttarakhand’s Chamoli Garhwal District is the second-highest peak in the country.|
|Yoga Capital of the World||The home of yoga is in Uttarakhand, specifically Rishikesh. It is often referred to as the “Yoga Capital of the World.” Numerous well-known yoga and meditation centers can be found here, and they are frequently filled with visitors from all over the world who practice yoga.|
|Origin of Ganga and Yamuna||Uttarakhand is the source of the Ganga and Yamuna rivers, two of India’s most treasured waterways. Yamuna originates in the Himalayan region of Yamunotri, whilst River Ganga originates in Gangotri.|
|Abode of Panch Prayag temples||Devprayag, Karnaprayag, Nandprayag, Rudraprayag, and Vishnuprayag are Uttarakhand’s well-known Panch Prayag (river confluence) temples.|
|UNESCO world heritage sites||Two UNESCO World Heritage Sites may be found in Uttarakhand: the Valley of Flowers and Nanda Devi National Park.|
|The highest dam in India||The highest dam in India is Tehri Dam, which is located in the Uttarakhand region of Tehri Garhwal and is 260.5 meters above sea level. This dam is also one of the ten highest dams in the world.|
|State flower||The state flower of Uttarakhand is the enigmatic Brahma Kamal. Because it is thought that Lord Brahma is holding this flower in his hand, the lovely white lotus blossom is revered as being extremely sacred.|
Facts For Dehradun
In 2000, Dehradun was separated from Uttar Pradesh to serve as the interim capital of Uttaranchal (today known as Uttarakhand). Since becoming the capital, this city’s size has been steadily growing.
- Dehradun is formed from the terms “Dehra,” which means “dera,” “griha,” or “home,” and “Doon,” which refers to a valley in the midst of the Himalayas and the Shivalik Mountains.
- Establishment of Dehradun: Only a small percentage of people are aware that Guru Ram Rai, a Sikh Guru, founded Dehradun in the 18th century. The Sikhism adherents are thought to have arrived in Doon in 1675, and they would stay there consistently for 24 years. When the eldest son of Guru Har Rai, the seventh Sikh Guru, arrived at this location, Doon came into existence. Every year at Dhamwala village, a large fair is held in honor of Guru Ram Rai.
- Guru Dronacharya meditated: Guru Dronacharya is said to have meditated on the Deodar mountain, 19 kilometers to the east of Dehradun, close to Diregaon, during the Dvapar Yuga. The name of the valley is Dronashram.
- Mauryan Empire: There has always been a Mauryan Empire presence in this historic city. Ashoka ruled over Dehradun from 273 BCE until 232 BCE. Ancient ruins from 1860 can be observed in the state’s Kalsi region as evidence.
- Related to Ramayana-Mahabharata: The city also has a connection to the Mahabharata era because it is referred to in the epic as Dronanagari (Dronanagari), or the city of Guru Dronacharya. The mentor of the Pandavas and Kauravas was Guru Drona. It is thought that Lord Rama and Lakshmana visited the region after leaving Lanka. Laxman once meditated at a temple called Laxman Siddha in Dehradun.
- Dehradun has been mentioned in the Skanda Purana as being a part of the Kedar Khand area, Lord Shiva’s divine dwelling.
- Doon is home to several Garhwali families that speak Hindi, English, and Garhwali with ease. A huge number of people can speak or comprehend Kumaoni, Nepali, Tharu, Tibetan, Punjabi, Urdu, and Sindhi in addition to this.
- The sweetest litchis are grown in Dehradun, which is also proud to grow Basmati rice, which originates in Kesharwala, a town a few miles north of Raipur. Given that Dun produces rice of the highest quality, Dehradun Basmati is a kind of rice that is farmed around the world.
- In addition to this, the city is renowned for its verdant, sprawling tea gardens that cover a total of 2,000 kilometers of land.
- Sahastradhara—the thousand-fold spring—is therapeutic: In order to escape the sweltering heat of the sun, many tourists travel to Sahastradhara in the summer. The unique thing about this location is that its Sahastradhara sulphur spring has medicinal qualities that can treat a variety of human skin conditions.
West Bengal – Kolkata
Facts For West Bengal
West Bengal is a state in eastern India that is situated on the Bay of Bengal. It is known for its rich cultural heritage, diverse landscapes, and delicious cuisine. From the bustling city of Kolkata to the tranquil hills of Darjeeling, the state offers a unique blend of tradition and modernity. Here are some interesting and unique facts about West Bengal that you may not know:
|History||Formerly known as Vanga, West Bengal covered a huge territory. Although this region was ruled by a number of kingdoms in antiquity, the Gupta era is when the historical history of the area begins to become known.|
|Kolkata – The Cultural Capital||Kolkata, also known as the “cultural capital” of India, is home to vibrant arts and literary scenes and is also known for its colonial architecture and delicious street food.|
|Shares borders with||Its borders with Bangladesh, Assam, Sikkim, Bhutan, Nepal, Jharkhand, and Bihar are shared. West Bengal’s northern border touches the Himalayan mountain range.|
|Terrain region||In West Bengal, the Terrain region is the name given to the Himalayan foothills. The tea plantations in this area are well-known throughout the world.|
|Birthplace of Rabindranath Tagore||West Bengal is the birthplace of Rabindranath Tagore, a Nobel Prize-winning author, poet, and philosopher. He was the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1913.|
|The Sweet Capital of India||West Bengal is known for its delicious sweet dishes like Rosogolla, Sandesh, and Mishti Doi. It is often referred to as the “sweet capital” of India.|
|The Land of Terracotta||Bishnupur, a small town located in the Bankura district is famous for its terracotta temples. These temples are unique examples of Bengal architecture.|
|The City of Joy||Kolkata is known as the city of Joy. The city is known for its festivals, food, and people.|
|Natural Resource||In terms of mineral production, West Bengal is third in the nation. About one-fifth of all minerals produced in the nation is produced in this State. In West Bengal, coal accounts for 99% of the minerals that are mined; smaller amounts of fireclay, china clay, limestone, copper, iron, wolfram, manganese, and dolomite are also extracted. Mineral oil and natural gas can be found in good quantities in the Purba Medinipur, Sundarbans, South 24 Parganas, and North Bengal plains, all of which are close to the Bay of Bengal. In terms of coal output, West Bengal ranks third in India, producing roughly half of the country’s total.|
|Accident of Geography||The Himalayas, the Duars Forests, the extensive beaches of the Bay of Bengal, and many rivers are only found in the Indian state of West Bengal. The term “Accident of Geography” describes this.|
|Social reforms||The British laws were the first in India to outlaw sati, polygamy, and the marriage of children, and they also made it legal for widows to remarry. All of these reforms took place in undivided Bengal.|
|National Anthem||Another Bengali, Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay, wrote “Vande Mataram,” India’s national anthem. Bengali is the only language that takes pleasure in having contributed to the national anthems of Bangladesh and India. Rabindranath Tagore is the author of both of them.|
Facts For Kolkata
The state capital of India’s West Bengal is Kolkata (formerly Calcutta).
The East India Company established it as a commercial center. It served as the capital of the British Raj in India. Popularly recognized features of the city include its impressive colonial architecture, art museum, and cultural festival.
The following is a list of information about the city that is both fascinating and pleasant:
- The Capital of Science and Culture in India: Because of its exquisite architecture, delectable cuisine, intellectuals like Rabindranath Tagore, and a fusion of different cultures, Kolkata is considered the scientific and cultural center of India.
- Former Capital of India: Due to its importance in trade during British Rule in India, Kolkata served as the country’s capital until 1911. Later, Delhi was appointed as India’s capital.
- The Oldest Zoo In The Country: The Alipore Zoo is truly something to be proud of; it houses some of the finest species in the world, including a Royal Bengal tiger. The fact that it also happens to be the oldest zoo in the nation is a fact that few Kolkatans are aware of.
- Largest planetarium in Asia: Birla Planetarium, which is in Kolkata, is the second-largest planetarium in the world and the largest in Asia. It was built in 1963 and inaugurated by Jawahar Lal Nehru, the prime minister at the time.
- The world’s largest trees can be found growing in this region. In terms of the area it covers, the enormous banyan tree at the Botanical Gardens is the biggest tree. It may come as a surprise to you to learn that this tree has been observing the prosperity of Bengal for the past 250 years.
- Kolkata is home to the second-oldest cricket and football clubs.
- The city of Joy is unique in that it is the only place in Asia that possesses both trams and tangas, in addition to being home to Asia’s oldest electric running tram.
- Oldest port in India: Sea trading has always been common in this coastal city. The Kidderpore Port (Port of Kolkata), which is located in the central-west region of the city and was given its name by Lord Kyde, an engineer from the 19th century, is the oldest port in India.
- The oldest museum in India is the “Indian Museum” in Kolkata, which is home to extensive collections that highlight India’s natural history and art.
- The Bengal Gazette, India’s first newspaper, began publication in Kolkata in 1780.
State-Specific Festivals Of India
India is a country known for its rich cultural heritage and vibrant festivals. The state-specific Indian famous festivals are listed below:
|State||List of Indian Festivals|
|Andhra Pradesh||Dasara, Ugadi, Deccan Festival, Brahmotsavam|
|Arunachal Pradesh||Reh, Boori Boot, Myoko, Dree, Pongtu, Losar, Murung, Solang, Mopin, Monpa festival|
|Assam||Ambubachi, Bhogali Bihu, Baishagu, Dehing Patkai|
|Bihar||Chhath Puja, Bihula|
|Chhattisgarh||Maghi Purnima, Bastar Dussehra|
|Goa||Sunburn festival, Ladain, Mando|
|Gujarat||Navratri, Janmashtami, Kutch Utsav, Uttarayana|
|Himachal Pradesh||Rakhadumni, Gochi Festival|
|Jammu and Kashmir||Har Navami, Chhari, Bahu Mela, Dosmoche,|
|Jharkhand||Karam Utsav, Holi, Rohini, Tusu|
|Karnataka||Mysore Dasara, Ugadi|
|Madhya Pradesh||Lok-rang Utsav, Tejaji, Khujaraho festival|
|Meghalaya||Nongkrem festival, Khasis festival, Wangla, Sajibu Cheiraoba|
|Maharashtra||Ganesh Utsav, Gudi Padva|
|Manipur||Yaoshang, Porag, Chavang Kut|
|Nagaland||Hornbill festival, Moatsu Festival|
|Odisha||Rath Yatra, Raja Parba, Nukahai|
|Rajasthan||Gangaur, Teej, Bundi|
|Sikkim||Losar, Saga Dawa|
|Tamil Nadu||Pongal, Thaipusam, Natyanjali Festival|
|West Bengal||Durga Puja|
|Uttar Pradesh||Ram Navmi, Ganga Mahotsav, Navaratri, Khichdi|
Uncovering The Unique Characteristics Of India’s States And Capital Cities
India’s states and capital cities are unique in a variety of ways. Some of the unique features of India’s states and capital cities include:
- Cultural diversity: Each state has its own distinct culture and language, which is reflected in the capital city. For example, Mumbai, the capital of Maharashtra, is known for its diverse cultural heritage, while Kolkata, the capital of West Bengal, is known for its colonial architecture and literary traditions.
- Historical significance: Many of India’s capital cities have rich histories, with some dating back to ancient times. For example, Lucknow, the capital of Uttar Pradesh, has a rich historical heritage with monuments and buildings dating back to the Mughal era.
- Natural beauty: India’s capital cities are also unique in terms of the natural beauty that surrounds them. For example, the capital of Andhra Pradesh, Amaravathi, is situated on the banks of the Krishna river.
- Economic significance: India’s capital cities are also unique in terms of their economic significance. For example, Mumbai, the capital of Maharashtra, is known for its financial and business centers, while Gandhinagar, the state of Gujarat’s capital, is well known for both its hospitality and tourism.
- Modern development: Many of India’s capital cities are also rapidly developing, with a focus on technology, industry, and services. For example, New Delhi, the capital of India, is known for its modern infrastructure and development in technology and industry.
Overall, India’s states and capital cities are unique in terms of their culture, history, natural beauty, economic significance, and modern development, making each of them worth exploring and experiencing.
Unveiling The Cultural Tapestry Of India’s States And Capital Cities
India is a country known for its diverse culture and traditions, and this diversity is reflected in the culture of its states and capital cities. Each state has its own unique culture and heritage, which is reflected in the customs, traditions, and festivals celebrated in the capital cities.
One of the most notable examples of cultural diversity in India is the language. India has over 21 official languages, and each state has its own language and dialects. For example, the state of Maharashtra’s official language is Marathi, while Tamil Nadu’s official language is Tamil. In capital cities such as Mumbai and Chennai, you can find a mix of different languages being spoken, reflecting the diversity of the population.
Another example of cultural diversity in India is the festivals celebrated in the capital cities. Each state has its own festivals, which reflect the cultural heritage of the state. For example, the state of Maharashtra celebrates the festival of Ganesh Chaturthi, which is a celebration of the Hindu god Ganesh, while the state of Tamil Nadu celebrates the festival of Pongal, which is a harvest festival.
Religion is also an important aspect of Indian culture, and each state has its own religious practices and traditions. For example, the state of Gujarat is known for its Jain and Hindu communities, while the state of West Bengal is known for its rich Buddhist heritage. In capital cities such as Gandhinagar and Kolkata, you can find a mix of different religious practices and traditions, reflecting the diversity of the population.
Indian cuisine also reflects the cultural diversity of the states, each state has its own style of cooking, ingredients, and flavor. For example, the state of Uttar Pradesh is known for its rich Mughlai cuisine, while the state of Tamil Nadu is known for its spicy and tangy dishes. In capital cities such as Lucknow and Chennai, you can find a mix of different cuisines, reflecting the diversity of the population.
In conclusion, the cultural diversity that prevails in the Indian States and its capitals is one of the most striking features of the country. Each state and the capital city has its own unique culture and heritage, which is reflected in the customs, traditions, festivals, religious practices, and cuisine. This diversity makes India a fascinating destination for those interested in exploring different cultures and traditions.
Uncovering The Roots Of India’s Diverse States: A Historical And Geographical Perspective
The reason behind the diverse nature of Indian states can be attributed to several historical and geographical factors:
- Historical invasions and migrations: Throughout history, India has been invaded and ruled by various dynasties, such as the Mughals and the British, who brought their own cultures and traditions to the region. This has led to a blending of cultures, resulting in the diverse nature of Indian states.
- Geographical diversity: India’s vast landmass is made up of diverse landscapes, from the Himalayan mountain ranges in the north to the tropical beaches in the south. This has resulted in different regions having their unique cultures and traditions, which have been shaped by their geographical surroundings.
- Religious diversity: India has a diverse population, with different religions being practiced throughout the country. This has led to different regions having their own religious practices and traditions, which have shaped their cultures.
- Economic diversity: India’s economy is diverse, with different regions having different primary industries, such as agriculture, manufacturing, and services. This has led to different regions having their own cultures and traditions, shaped by their economic activities.
- Political divisions: India’s political divisions have played a role in shaping its cultural diversity. The British, for example, created provinces and states for administrative reasons, and these divisions have shaped the culture of different regions.
All these factors have played a role in shaping the diverse nature of Indian states. The country’s complex history and geography, along with the religious, economic, and political divisions, have all contributed to the rich cultural tapestry that defines India today.
Decoding The Reasons Behind India’s 28 States
India has 28 states for several reasons:
- Historical divisions: India has a long and complex history, with different dynasties and empires ruling different regions. These historical divisions have played a role in shaping the current state boundaries.
- Linguistic divisions: India has a diverse population, with different languages and dialects being spoken throughout the country. To reflect this diversity and to ensure the representation of different linguistic groups, states were created based on linguistic boundaries.
- Administrative convenience: The large size and population of India make it difficult to govern as a single entity. The creation of states and union territories allows for more efficient administration and management of the country.
- Economic considerations: Different regions of India have different primary industries, such as agriculture, manufacturing, and services. The creation of states allows for more focused and targeted development of these industries.
- Political considerations: India is a federal union, and the creation of states allows for more localized decision-making and representation in the political process.
- To meet the aspirations of different regions: In the past, there were movements and agitations in some regions demanding the creation of separate states based on their linguistic and cultural identity. To meet those aspirations, states were created and boundaries were redrawn.
Overall, the creation of 28 states in India is the result of a combination of historical, linguistic, administrative, economic, and political considerations. It reflects the country’s diverse population and cultural, linguistic, and economic diversity.
List Of Union Territories In India
The 8 Union Territories in India are as follows:
|Union Territories Names||Capital||Founded on|
|Andaman and Nicobar Islands||Port Blair||1 Nov, 1956|
|Chandigarh||Chandigarh||1 Nov, 1966|
|Dadra & Nagar Haveli and Daman & Diu||Daman||26 Jan, 2020|
|Delhi||New Delhi||9 May, 1905|
|Jammu & Kashmir||Srinagar (Summer)|
|31 Oct 2019|
|Lakshadweep||Kavaratti||1 Nov, 1956|
|Puducherry||Pondicherry||1 Nov, 1954|
|Ladakh||Leh||31 Oct 2019|
Difference Between States And Union Territories Of India
The fundamental distinctions between a state and a union territory are described below, which can assist candidates in the UPSC exam because the topic is crucial considering that Jammu and Kashmir will be split into two separate states.
|Definition||Independent unit governed by a state legislature (unicameral or bicameral)||Not an independent unit, governed by administrators appointed by the President of India|
|Administration||State legislature: governor, chief minister & council of ministers||The central government through lieutenant governors & administrators|
|Executive Head||Governor||Lieutenant Governor or Administrator|
|Centre’s Relationship||Federal in character||Unitary in character|
|Election||Chief Minister elected||Lieutenant Governor or Administrator appointed by the President|
|Autonomy||Exists||Does not exist|
Note: Union Territories of Chandigarh, Lakshadweep, Dadra and Nagar Haveli, and Daman and Diu have Administrators, while the rest of the Union Territories of Delhi, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Jammu and Kashmir, Ladakh and Puducherry have Lieutenant Governors.
What Distinguishes Delhi, Puducherry, And J&K From Other Union Territories?
All of India’s states, as well as the three union territories of Delhi, Jammu and Kashmir, and Puducherry, have elected legislatures and governments.
There are eight union territories in all of India, three of which—Jammu and Kashmir, Delhi, and Puducherry—have elected representatives and the Chief Minister as a result of the Constitution’s partial statehood amendment.
Delhi, Jammu and Kashmir, and Puducherry all have their own legislative bodies and executive councils and conduct state-like operations. The remaining union areas are governed and controlled by the country’s union, which is why they are known as union territories.
India, a land of diversity and richness, is home to 28 states and 9 union territories, each with its own unique identity. The states and capitals of India are not just administrative centers but also reflect the cultural and historical heritage of the region. From the bustling metropolis of Mumbai to the tranquil backwaters of Kerala, each state and its capital has its own story to tell.
The capital of India, New Delhi, is a perfect blend of the old and the new, reflecting the country’s rich history and modern development. On the other hand, Mumbai, the financial capital of India, is a melting pot of cultures and a city that never sleeps. In the northern region, we have the state of Himachal Pradesh, known for its picturesque landscapes, and the capital Shimla, once a favorite summer retreat of the British Raj.
The southern state of Tamil Nadu is famous for its rich cultural heritage and the capital Chennai is known for its classical dance forms and traditional music. The state of Goa, on the other hand, is known for its beaches and the capital Panaji has a unique blend of Indian and Portuguese cultures.
In a nutshell, the states and capitals of India are not just administrative centers but a reflection of the country’s diversity and richness. Each state and its capital are an integral part of the country’s history, culture, and governance, and they play a vital role in the development and progress of the nation.
1. Is Tamil Nadu regarded as the richest or poorest state?
The second wealthiest state in the Indian union is regarded as Tamil Nadu. Tamil Nadu is more prosperous and wealthy since it is teeming with businesses and industries. Approximately 10.6% of India’s urban population, or 60% of the state, resides in urban areas.
2. What are some aspects of the Tamil language that are interesting to know?
a. It is considered to be one of the world’s oldest languages.
b. It has been designated as classical by UNESCO.
c. Tamil has numerous meanings.
d. Tamil is a one-of-a-kind language since it is personified by God.
3. Gandhinagar Was Named After Whom?
Gandhinagar was a second home for Mahatma Gandhi, and it was from there that he launched the movement for Indian independence. As a result, the city was named after him.
4. Mention the shape of Sikkim.
On a map, the state of Sikkim in the northeast of the nation is shaped like a thumb. Sikkim’s map is renowned for its distinctive shape because of this.
5. Who Has Written Assam State Anthem?
Lakshminath Bezbaroa, a prominent figure in modern Assamese literature and a poet, novelist, and playwright, is credited with penning the state song. O Mur Apunar Dex, which means “O my dearest country,” is the name of the anthem.
6. Which state is known as the Rising Sun of India?
7. Why Capital Of India Shifted From Kolkata To Delhi?
The Viceroy of India, Lord Hardinge, explained the situation in a letter he sent to the Secretary of State for India, Earl of Crewe, on August 25, 1911, and despatched from Shimla to London. In the letter, Lord Hardinge stated that Britain needed to select a capital that was more centrally placed due to the growing significance of elected legislative bodies. Additionally, the city was less welcoming to the British after the 1905 partition of Bengal along religious lines due to the widespread opposition.
8. Why Arunachal Pradesh is called Orchid Paradise?
Because Arunachal Pradesh boasts the highest number of orchid species (approximately 40% of the nation), it has also been termed the “Orchid Paradise of India.”
9. What are the states and capitals of India?
India is one of the seventh largest countries on the planet. It is divided into 28 states and 9 union territories, and each state has its own capital. Some of the major states and their capitals include:
Maharashtra and Mumbai
Gujarat and Gandhinagar
Tamil Nadu and Chennai
Rajasthan and Jaipur
Uttar Pradesh and Lucknow
Andhra Pradesh and Amaravati
West Bengal and Kolkata
Kerala and Thiruvananthapuram
Delhi and New Delhi (Delhi is a union territory and also serves as the capital of India)
10. How many states and union territories are there in India?
There are 28 states and 9 union territories in India.
11. What is the capital of India?
The capital of India is New Delhi, which is also a union territory.
12. Are there any states in India that do not have their own capital?
No, all states in India have their own capital.
13. Can a union territory have its own capital?
Yes, some union territories in India have their own capital. For example, Puducherry is a union territory with its own capital, Puducherry.
14. Are there any changes to the states and capitals of India recently?
In 2019, the Indian government announced the formation of the new state of Telangana, which was carved out of the state of Andhra Pradesh. The capital of Telangana is Hyderabad, which was previously shared by both states.
15. What is the largest state by area in India?
The largest state in India by area is Rajasthan, which covers an area of 342,239 square kilometers.
16. What is the smallest state by area in India?
The smallest state in India by area is Goa, which covers an area of 3,702 square kilometers.
17. What is the most populous state in India?
The most populous state in India is Uttar Pradesh, with a population of over 200 million people.
18. What is the least populous state in India?
The least populous state in India is Sikkim, with a population of around 610,000 people.
19. Are there any states in India that are officially recognized as minority states?
Yes, there are a few states in India that are officially recognized as minority states. For example, Nagaland is officially recognized as a tribal minority state and Meghalaya is officially recognized as a tribal state.
20. Are there any states in India that are officially recognized as autonomous states?
Yes, there are a few states in India that are officially recognized as autonomous states. For example, Mizoram is officially recognized as an autonomous state under the Sixth Schedule of the Indian Constitution.
21. Are there any states in India that have a different official language than Hindi?
Yes, there are a few states in India that have a different official language than Hindi. For example, Tamil Nadu has Tamil as its official language, and Bengal has Bengali as its official language.
22. Why Goa Celebrates Two Independence Days?
On August 15, 1947, India was declared a free and independent nation, breaking away from British dominion; nevertheless, the Portuguese government refused to cede control over Goa.
The fight for Goa’s independence was waged both from within Goa and from outside Goa. On December 17, 1961, the Indian Army, air force, and navy forces invaded Goa and defeated the unprepared Portuguese army. This victory marked the beginning of Goa’s independence.
On the 18th of December, the Portuguese ruler formally surrendered, and on the 19th of December, Goa was formally incorporated as a part of India! On December 19 of each year, Goa commemorates the day it gained its second independence.
23. Which Kutch sanctuary in Gujarat has been designated a World Heritage Site?
Gujarat will have the chance to once again stand out on the World Heritage Map thanks to UNESCO’s inclusion of Dholavira of Kutch on the list of World Heritage Sites in 2021.
24. Which city is referred to as Assam’s Switzerland?
One of the two autonomous hill districts in the state of Assam is the Dima Hasao district.
The only hill station in Assam, Haflong, is a popular tourist attraction also known as the Switzerland of the northeast. It serves as the district headquarters.
25. Did Nagaland ever belong to Assam?
Nagaland was at first a part of Assam when India got its independence on August 15, 1947. On December 1st, 1963, Nagaland was granted statehood.
26. What Is Smart City?
A smart city is a term that has different meanings for different people. There is no universally agreed-upon definition of a smart city, as it can vary depending on the level of development, the willingness for change, the resources available, and the aspirations of the local community. This means that the definition of a smart city can differ from city to city and from country to country. For example, a smart city in India may have different characteristics than one in Europe. To guide cities in their goals, some general guidelines for what constitutes a smart city are necessary. Urban planners should aim to create an overall urban ecosystem that includes institutional, physical, social, and economic infrastructure to meet the needs and aspirations of the population. This can be a long-term goal and cities can work towards becoming smart cities over time by implementing various smart features.
27. What do you mean by States in India?
In India, states refer to the administrative divisions that make up the country. India is divided into 28 states and 8 union territories. Each state has its own government and is responsible for the administration and management of the state’s resources and affairs. The states are further divided into districts and smaller administrative units. The states are governed by a Governor, who is appointed by the President of India and is the head of the state government. The states also have a Chief Minister, who is the head of the Council of Ministers and leads the state government. The states have their own legislature, judiciary, and state police force. Each state also has its own unique culture, traditions, languages, and geography.
28. What do you understand by the term capital in India?
In India, the term “capital” refers to the city or town designated as the official seat of government for a particular state or union territory. The capital is where the state’s government conducts its official business, including administration, law-making, and decision-making. Each Indian state and union territory has its own capital, where the Governor’s office, the state legislature, and the state’s High Court are located. Some of the notable capital cities in India include New Delhi, which serves as the capital of India, Mumbai, which is the capital of Maharashtra, Kolkata, which is the capital of West Bengal, and Bengaluru, which is the capital of Karnataka. Some of the Union Territories in India also have their own capital city like the capital of Puducherry is Puducherry, the capital of Daman and Diu is Daman and the capital of Dadra and Nagar Haveli is Silvassa.
29. What are the most well-known festivals in South India?
The list of Indian festivals that are well-known is observed in the country’s southern region: Thrissur, Pooram Vishu, Onam, Pongal, Ugadi, and Dussehra.