The 50th amendment of Indian constitution has several important provisions. It talks about restrictions on fundamental rights for people working for intelligence agencies and telecommunications networks created for the armed forces or intelligence agencies.
Here is a look at some of its major provisions that were introduced. The objective and reason for the amendment are also discussed in this article. This article is worth reading for preparation for competitive examinations like UPSC.
50th amendment of Indian constitution
The fiftieth amendment of Indian Constitution is officially referred to as The Constitution (Fiftieth Amendment) Act, 1984.
The fiftieth amendment dealt with alteration in article 33 of the Indian constitution. According to Article 33 of the constitution, Parliament has the authority to enact laws that specify to what extent any rights granted by Part III of the constitution should be restricted or revoked when applied to members of the armed forces or the forces responsible for maintaining public order to ensure proper performance of their duties and upholding discipline among them.
It was suggested that Article 33 needs to be changed.
In the 35th year of the Republic of India, Parliament enacted the 50th amendment of Indian Constitution. It came into effect on 11th September 1984.
Object And Reason
By Article 33 of the Constitution, the Parliament is licensed to legislate laws resolving to what extent any of the rights conferred by Part III of the Constitution shall, in their application of the components of the Armed Forces or the Forces assigned with the supervision of public order, be limited or canceled to ensure the proper discharge of their duties and the supervision of discipline among them.
The 50th amendment Act provides an amendment to article 33 and hence gets within its scope:
- the members of the force tasked with protecting property owned by, charged with, or under the control of the state;
- anyone working for any bureau or organization created by the government for intelligence or counterintelligence purposes; or
- those working for or in conjunction with telecommunications networks established for any force, bureau, or organization.
Experience has shown us that maintaining discipline among them and ensuring the performance of their jobs is crucial for the good of the country.
50th amendment of Indian Constitution amended article 33 of the Indian Constitution. This article provides that Parliament may legislate laws clinching to what scope any of the rights vested by Part III of the Constitution shall, in their application to the constituents of the Armed Forces or the Forces charged with the supervision of public order or persons hired in any department or other institution established by the State for purposes of espionage or counterintelligence or persons utilized, in or in association with.
The telecommunication techniques put up for any Force, bureau, or institution directed to above, be limited or annulled to provide the proper, discharge of their duties and the maintenance of discipline among them.
The 50th amendment dealt with the modification of Article 33 majorly. As a result of experience showing the need to ensure proper performance of their duties and the maintenance of discipline, the Act provides an amendment to article 33 to include persons employed in any bureau or other organization established by the State for purposes of intelligence or counterintelligence; and people hired in, or in relation with, the telecommunication systems set up for any Force, bureau, or organization. This amendment ensured the implementation of a crucial change in the history of the Constitution of India.