The Constitution (Fifty-First Amendment) Act, 1984 is the official name of the 51st Amendment of Indian Constitution.
51st Amendment of Indain Constitution grants the reservation of seats in the Lower House of the Parliament for Scheduled Tribes in Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, and Nagaland, as well as in the Legislative Assemblies of Nagaland and Meghalaya.
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What Is The 51st Amendment Of Indian Constitution?
On 29th April 1985, the 51st Amendment of Indian Constitution came into effect. This constitutional amendment modifies articles 330 and 332. When this amendment was approved, Indira Gandhi was the prime minister.
This amendment was passed to ensure that scheduled tribes in Mizoram, Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh, and Meghalaya, have access to seats in the Lok Sabha. Also, this amendment grants the reservation of seats for scheduled tribes in the legislative assemblies of Nagaland and Meghalaya. This was done by suitably changing articles 330 and 332.
With consideration of the provision in article 332(3) of the constitution, the number of seats designated for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes in the legislative assembly of any state must be established.
Check out the linked article to learn about the Powers And Functions Of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.
Objects And Reasons
On March 31, 1980, the Meghalaya Legislative Assembly passed a resolution encouraging the Government of India to establish reservations for members of the Scheduled Tribes in both the State Legislative Assembly and the House of the People, following the example set by other States throughout the nation.
As a result, the State Government suggested amendments to Articles 330 and 332 of the Constitution. The modification has also received support from the governments of Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh, and Nagaland with regard to their respective regions. Article 330 of the Constitution is being suggested for change. This was done to provide for the reservation of seats in the Lok Sabha for the Scheduled Tribes of Meghalaya, Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh, and Mizoram. The Legislative Assemblies of Nagaland and Meghalaya would also have a similar reservation under article 332. To accommodate the needs of the nearby tribal population, changes have been proposed.
This bill aims to do the goal mentioned above.
Amendment of article 330– 51st Amendment amended article 330. After the amendment, this article grants the seat reservation for Schedule Tribes(ST) of Nagaland, Arunachal Pradesh, Mizoram, and Meghalaya in the Lok Sabha.
Until the House of the People that existed at the start of this Act is dissolved, no representation in the Lok Sabha will be affected by the amendment to Article 330 of the Constitution.
Amendment of article 332- Article 333 was amended by the 51st Amendment. After being amended, this article now allows the reservation of seats for the Scheduled Tribes (ST) in the legislative assemblies of Meghalaya and Nagaland.
Until the Legislative Assembly of the State of Meghalaya or the Legislative Assembly of the State of Nagaland that was in existence at the time this Act was enacted is dissolved, the amendment to article 332 of the Constitution made by the above sub-section shall not affect any representation in either assembly.
The 51th Amendment went into effect on 29th April 1985. This amendment grants seat reservations to scheduled tribes of Nagaland, Meghalaya, Mizoram, and Arunachal Pradesh in the Lower House of Parliaments, as well as in the legislative assemblies of the States of Meghalaya as well as of Nagaland.