Pondicherry (now Puducherry) became the ninth Union territory of India by the 14th Amendment of Indian Constitution. Additionally, it provided Parliament the power to enact laws establishing legislatures and ministerial councils in specific Union regions.
On August 16, 1962, when France and India ratified the Treaty of Cession the French colonies of Pondicherry, Mahé, Yanam, and Karikal became parts of the Indian Union.
This article is about the 14th Amendment of Indian Constitution which will be fruitful in your UPSC Examination.
14th Amendment Of Indian Constitution
The Fourteenth Amendment of the Indian Constitution is known as The Constitution (Fourteenth Amendment )Act, 1962. The amendment included Pondicherry, India’s ninth Union territory.
Additionally, this amendment provided Parliament the power to enact laws for creating legislatures and a council of ministers for certain union territories. These certain Union Territories are Puducherry, Goa, Himachal Pradesh, Tripura, Daman and Diu, and Manipur.
On August 30, 1962, the Constitution (Fourteenth Amendment) Bill, 1962, was presented in the Lok Sabha. Lal Bahadur Shastri, the minister of home affairs at the time, proposed this amendment. It wanted to change sections 81 and 240 and the First and Fourth Schedules to the Constitution. Additionally, a new article 239A was proposed to be added to the Constitution.
Statement Of Objects And Reasons
The “Treaty of Cession” was ratified by the governments of India and France on August 16, 1962, making the French establishments of Karaikal, Mahe, Yanam, and Pondicherry territories of the Indian Union. According to this Act, these areas will be listed in the constitution as “Pondicherry,” a union territory. Twenty members are the maximum number that may represent the Union territory in the House of People, according to Article 81(1)(b) of the Indian Constitution. This ceiling has been hit. The bill aims to raise this number to 25 to provide Pondicherry representation in the House of the People right away and to account for future contingencies.
Through a new article 239A, the Act also grants the parliament the necessary legislative authority to enact laws that will establish legislatures and councils of ministers in many Union territories, generally following the same framework as some of the part “C” states that existed before the recognition of the states. A new article 239A that broadly follows the provisions of article 240 as it was prior to the reorganization of the States is intended to give Parliament the requisite legislative authority to adopt laws for this purpose.
Important Provisions Of The Amendment
Several important provisions are contained in the 14th Amendment of Indian Constitution.
- Amendment of Article 81- In article 81’s subclause (b) of clause (1) of the Indian Constitution, the greatest number of Lok Sabha seats available for Union territory representatives must be raised from twenty to twenty-five members.
- The Indian Constitution’s first schedule is modified to add the territories of “Pondicherry” as the ninth Indian Union Territory as of August 16, 1962.
- Article 239A- After article 239, article 239A is added. By adding this new article to the constitution, Parliament is given the authority to enact legislation creating legislatures and councils of ministers for the union territories of Himachal Pradesh, Manipur, Tripura, Goa, Daman and Diu, and Pondicherry.
- Section 4 of the Amendment provided that any law passed for this purpose would not be deemed to be an amendment of the Constitution for the purposes of article 368.
- In order to provide the President the authority to “establish regulations for the peace, progress, and good governance” of the territory, clause (1) of article 240 of the Constitution was amended to include the Union territory of Pondicherry.
- The President, however, shall no longer promulgate regulations or take other actions with effect from the date set for the first meeting of any legislature established under the new article 239A to serve the union territories of Goa, Daman, and Diu, or Pondicherry.
- The Union Territory of Pondicherry was given a seat in the Rajya Sabha through an amendment to the Fourth Schedule of the Constitution.
14th amendment of Indian Constitution added Pondicherry, a former French colony, to the First Schedule as a Union territory. On December28,1962, the 14th amendment bill was approved by the then president Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan and went into effect the following day.