Mahatma Gandhi led the freedom movement from 1920 to 1947, and people from various backgrounds were drawn to his leadership.
The proclamation by Gandhiji was prescient, when he expressed, “when the history of India’s fight for independence comes to be written, the sacrifice made by the women of India will occupy the foremost place”. The backbone of India’s liberation struggle was the commitment of women—educated and undereducated gave up their time to volunteer, advocate, protest, fast, and donate to the objectives of freedom.
These renowned freedom fighters of India should be acknowledged by the present and future generations to understand how these women leaders played an active role in the freedom movement of India and did everything in their power to ensure India’s independence.
Here’s to the women freedom fighters of Karnataka who took up arms to fight for their country’s freedom.
- Women Freedom Fighters of Karnataka
Women Freedom Fighters of Karnataka
It should be written in gold characters to honor the contributions made by Karnataka’s female satyagrahis to the history of the liberation movement. They sacrificed everything to advance the cause of their motherland’s freedom, dedicating their entire lives to it. In Karnataka, women played a very important part in the liberation struggle.
Women played a very active role and made great sacrifices for the cause of their homeland both before and during the time of Gandhi. In roughly 1920, Karnataka’s freedom struggle entered the Gandhian era. Like all human historical events, there will inevitably be some focus on the leadership of well-known individuals who stand out due to their greater initiative, powerful personalities, or organizational skills. the battle for freedom from 1920 to
Bellary Siddamma, Kamaldevi Chattopadhyay, Kittur Chennamma Rani, Padmavati Bidari, Shakuntala Kurtakoti, Umabai Kundapur, and T. Sunandamma, were some of the major female freedom fighters of Karnataka.
Kittur Rani Chennamma
If you know anything about history, you have probably heard of Kittur Rani Chennamma, a woman who fought against the British in the state of Karnataka. But what did she do? And how did she survive the war against the British? Here are some interesting facts about her. She refused to surrender to the British and made her name as one of the most important freedom fighters of the state.
Kittur Chennamma Rani was an Indian Queen, who led an armed revolt against the British in 1824, leading a rebellion against the British East India Company. The British were defeated in the first battle. But they came heavily in the second battle and captured Rani Chennamma. She remained an inspiration to people until her death as a prisoner of war. Today, she is celebrated as a folk hero in her native Karnataka, and a symbol of India’s independence struggle.
Born in 1778, Kittur Chennamma was a part of the Lingayat community. She trained in archery, sword fighting, and horse riding. She was a great warrior, and her bravery is well-known. In her later years, Rani Chennamma married Raja Mallasarja, the Desai family, and he gave her the title of Kittur Rani Chennamma.
Her 1824 Uprising against the British East India Company is well known.
Umabai Kundapur was born in Mangaluru in 1892. She was encouraged to get an education by her father Sanjiv Rao Kundapur. She married at the age of thirteen and continued her education after her marriage. Her father-in-law was very progressive and believed in the empowerment of women. Her father-in-law supported her education. She founded an NGO called Bhagini Mandal and an educational institute named Tilak Kanya Shala.
Umabai rose to prominence as the head of the Hindustani Seva Dal’s female branch.
She assisted Dr. Hardikar in 1924 in enlisting the assistance of more than 150 women for the All India Congress session in Belgaum. She was detained for four months in Yerwada jail in 1932 after being arrested. While she was imprisoned, the British seized Karnataka Press, closed her school, and proclaimed her non-profit organization, Bhagini Mandal, to be illegal. Umabai chose to continue fighting despite the events. Her modest home was transformed into a haven for female freedom warriors. She provided them with money for their return trip in addition to housing them in her house.
She traveled across Karnataka and inspired women to join the freedom struggle. Her efforts were hailed by Gandhi and other freedom fighters. She was only 27 years old when the Rowlatt Act, 1919, was passed. This law allowed certain political cases to be tried without a jury. Umabai and her fellow volunteers worked in refugee camps day and night and got in touch with national leaders. In addition, she helped underground workers during the Quit India movement. She helped these people despite her own safety and risk. Her dedication to the cause was such that Mahatma Gandhi appointed her head of the Karnataka branch of the Kasturba Trust.
To Know about the other freedom fighters of India, visit that linked page from the table given below:
|1. Female Freedom Fighters Of Telangana|
|2. Female Freedom Fighters Of Maharashtra|
|3. Female Freedom Fighters Of Goa|
|4. Women Freedom Fighters Of Kerala|
|5. Unknown Female Freedom Fighters of India|
|6. Famous Slogans Of Female Freedom Fighters|
Yashodhara Dasappa was an Indian freedom fighter, social reformer, and politician who served in the state government of Karnataka. She was born on May 28, 1905, in Bangalore, and was educated at the London Mission School before continuing her education at Queen Mary’s College in Madras. She later married H.C. Dasappa, a minister in the Jawaharlal Nehru government.
Yashodhara Dasappa was undoubtedly involved in the fight for Indian independence and a member of several social movements, including the Forest Satyagraha Movement, which resulted in the imprisonment of over 1200 people. She was also a member of the Vidurashwatha Satyagraha, held in 1938 which resulted in the deaths of 35 people when a police officer opened fire. She was imprisoned for participating in this movement.
Her house served as a center for clandestine Satyagrahi (independence fight) activities.
In recognition of her contributions to society, the Indian government gave her the third-highest civilian honor, the Padma Bhushan, in 1972.
In the midst of India’s independence struggle, social worker Nagamma Veeranagouda Patil became a symbol of the Gandhian movement, bringing it to Karnataka. After India achieved its freedom, she devoted herself to educating children. Born on December 16, 1905, she was married to veteran freedom fighter Padmashree Sardar Veeranagouda Patil.
In 1924, Mahatma Gandhi visited Belgaum and made a deep impression on many freedom fighters and several women, including Nagamma Patil, became ardent followers of Gandhi.
Both Nagamma and her husband joined the freedom fight in 1938 after hearing Mahatma Gandhi’s call to arms for the cause. She was detained and held in Hindalaga Prison in Belgaum for three months that same year. In 1942, she was likewise detained and held in the Yarawada Central for 13 months.
During the 1930s, she joined Sardar Veeranagouda and established Hubli’s Harijan Balika Ashram.
Born in Mangalore in 1903, Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay was a free-thinking feminist, freedom fighter, and art enthusiast. Her mother, a liberal Saraswat Brahmin, was her main inspiration.
Her parents made friends with a number of notable thinkers and independence fighters, including Mahadev Govind Ranade and Gopal Krishna Gokhale, as well as women’s rights activists Ramabai Ranade and Annie Besant. Due to this, young Kamaladevi became a swadeshi nationalist movement devotee at a young age.
She was in London when she learn about Mahatma Gandhi’s call for the Non-Cooperation movement. She returned to India and joined the Seva Dal. She was made in charge of the women’s section of the Seva Dal. She was a founding member of the All India Women’s Conference(AIWC). She was the first organizing secretary of the AIWC.
Kamaladevi Chattopadhyaya was also a part of the Salt Satyagraha.
She remained committed to feminism throughout her life, and she never shied away from opposing men who infringed on women’s rights. Her work was so successful that she was the first woman in India to run for a legislative position.
She received the Padma Bhushan and Padma Vibhushan from the Indian government, two of the most prestigious honors given to civilians in the country.
Rani Abbakka Chowta
In the latter half of the 16th century, Abbakka Rani was the first Tuluva queen of Ullal to engage in battle against the Portuguese. She was one of the first women to resist colonialism and foreign invaders. Her deeds helped the Indian freedom struggle get off the ground. Rani Abbakka earned the name Abhaya Rani for her bravery (The fearless queen).
Considering Ullal’s vital location, the Portuguese attempted many attempts to take it. For over four decades, Abbakka successfully repelled each of their assaults while making a valiant effort to completely expel the Portuguese from Mangalore.
Rani Abbakka gained the respect of her people, accomplished her dream of a free kingdom, and is still adored in her hometown of Ullal today.
- Ballari Siddamma took birth in 1903 to a traditional family in the Dundasi Village of the present-day Haveri District.
- Her father was actively engaged in the struggle for liberation. He used to bring magazines and newspapers for Siddamma. Her nationalist beliefs have grown as a result of this.
- She found it simple to fully engage in the independence struggle because she was married to Murugappa, another freedom warrior.
- She had participated in the Shivapura Congress party in 1938.
- A woman freedom fighter from Mysuru, Ballari Siddamma participated in the
- Aranya Sathyagraha in Chitradurga state in 1939.
- “Mysuru Chalo” or “Aranmane Sathyagraha”
- Quit India Movement
- In opposition to forest laws, the Aranya Satyagraha or Forest Satyagraha was organized. People engaged in civil disobedience by grazing cattle in the woodlands and cutting down valuable trees.
- She was the first woman to hoist a flag in the state of Mysuru. She spent a month behind bars.
- Because she hacked down wild date trees in the Davangere forests of Mayakowda and Anagond, she was put in jail.
- She was elected as Davangere’s MLA.
- She suggested the women start weaving and spinning.
- To safeguard the health of rural women, she founded “Mathrumandir.”
- Her association with other important freedom fighters, including Sardar Veeranagouda Patil, S. Nijalingappa, and T. Siddalingaiah, made her a powerful leader and a key figure in the state’s history.
- She was honored with a copper plaque by the state government. Ballari Siddamma contributed to the fight for freedom and uplifting women in general.
Many women from Karnataka took up leadership roles in the Indian freedom struggle. Many have portraits and biographies on Kamat’s Potpourri website. As such, it is remarkable to note that Karnataka female freedom fighters made up a significant part of the freedom struggle. They fought for the establishment of a representative government as well as for India’s economic growth and, most importantly, for the liberation of their native country.
Who Is The First Female Freedom Fighter From Karnataka?
Kittur Rani Chennamma is revered as the first female freedom fighter of Karnataka. She led an armed revolt against British Colonial rule.
Who Was The First Female Freedom Fighter In India?
Rani Velu Nachiyar was the first female freedom fighter in India. She waged war against the East India Company.
What are the names of 10 female freedom fighters of India
What Are The Names Of 10 Female Freedom Fighters Of India?
Sarojini Naidu, Kasturba Gandhi, Annie Besant, Kamala Nehru, Vijaya Lakshmi Pandit, Rani Lakshmibai, Madam Bhikaji Cama, Mahadevi Verma, Basanti Devi, and Rama Devi are some of the female freedom fighters of India who took part in the freedom struggle totally and bravely in one way or another.