Ghiyath Ud Din Tughluq Shah II

ghiyath ud din tughluq shah ii

In 1388 C.E., Ghiyath Ud Din Tughluq Shah II assumed the throne of the Tughlaq Dynasty. He ruled the Sultanate Of Delhi for around five months.

This article will briefly look at the Life of Ghiyath ud din Tughluq Shah II. This article will outline the major facts and instances of his reign. Ghiyath ud din Tughluq Shah II ruled for a very short timespan i.e. from 1388 to 1389. Let us study about him, which will eventually be very beneficial for competitive exam preparation.

Who Was Ghiyath Ud Din Tughlaq Shah II?

Ghiyath ud din Tughluq Shah II, born Tughluq Khan, is a major ruler of the Tughlaq dynasty. He was the son of Fateh Khan. He was the grandson of Sultan Firoz Shah Tughlaq. He was the 20th Sultan of the Delhi Sultanate. In 1388, he came to the throne and reigned for five months. His period of reign was in effect from 20 September 1388 to 14 March 1389. His dynasty was troubled by a succession crisis, with Muhammad Shah Ibn Feroze Shah claiming the throne.

The Reign

  1. Ghiyath ud din Tughluq Shah II took over the throne following the demise of Firoz Shah Tughlaq. Tughluq Khan faced major issues because of Muhammad Shah. Muhammad Shah wanted to claim the throne for his brother Zafar Khan’s son, Abu Bakr Khan.
  2. To fight him, Tughlaq Khan sent troops in the direction of the Sirmur Hills. After a brief quarrel, Muhammad Shah ibn Feroze Shah fled to the Fort of Kangra.
  3. Tughlaq Khan’s army turned back to Delhi without pursuing him any further due to the difficulty of the mission and the terrain.
  4. However, certain Amirs eventually teamed up with Abu Bakr Khan, in a conspiracy to assassinate Tughluq Khan. Ghiyasuddin Tughlaq II ruled for 5 months and 18 days, before being encircled, slain, and having their heads hanged over the Delhi city gate.


Ghiyas-ud-din Tughluq II, unfortunately, reigned for a very short period. He was a Muslim Turkic ruler. He was not a very able emperor. Under his rule, his reign was not managed and controlled properly.

However, he passed away within a year. Following his demise, Sultanate fell into political instability. Nasiruddin Mahmud Shah Tughlaq was the last one to sit on the throne of the Tughlaq dynasty. During his rule in 1398, Timur, the Mongol leader of Central Asia took major steps. He initiated to seize India. The Tughlaqs dealt with distress because of this.

After his assassination, Sultan Abu Bakr Shah Tughluq wore the crown. Abu Bakr Shah, a Turkic ruler, ruled the kingdom of Delhi from 1389 to 1390.

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