Article 77 Of The Indian Constitution

article 77 of indian constitution

Article 77 of the Indian Constitution deals with how government business is conducted. In accordance with this provision of the Indian Constitution, the President shall enact rules for the efficient transaction of the business of the Government of India and for the allocation of such work among Ministers.

This article will provide you with a helpful understanding of Article 77 and explain the constitutional provisions pertaining to the manner in which the Indian government is to carry out its duties.

What Is Article 77 Of The Indian Constitution?

Article 77 revolves around the conduct of the business of the Indian Government and is mentioned under Part V of the Constitution. The provisions of said Article are explained in the 3 clauses which are as follows:

  1. Every executive action made by the Indian government must explicitly be made in the President’s name.
  2. Orders and other documents prepared and executed in the President’s name must be authenticated in accordance with any rules1 that may be made by the President. The legitimacy of a document that has been authenticated in this way cannot be contested on the grounds that it was not created or performed by the President.
  3. The President shall promulgate rules for the more convenient transaction of conduct of business of the Government of India and for the distribution of the said business among the Ministers.

Note: Originally Article 77 has 4 clauses that center around how the business of the Indian Government is conducted. However, following the passage of the 44th Amendment of the Constitution clause(4) of Article 77 of the Constitution was removed. Thus currently, the provisions of Article 77 are detailed in the three clauses which are stated above.


In the Indian Parliamentary System, the President serves as the de facto head of the Executive Branch and is entrusted with significant responsibility in the formulation of policies that govern how the Indian Government goes about its business operations. The interconnectedness and checks and balances within the administrative structure have made sure that it runs smoothly.

For Further Readings:

42nd Amendment Of The Indian ConstitutionAdvisory Jurisdiction Of Supreme Court
Article 75 Of The Indian ConstitutionArticle 76 Of The Indian Constitution: Attorney General Of India
Schedules Of The Indian ConstitutionImportant Amendments Of The Indian Constitution For UPSC


Who Establishes The Rules By Which The Government Of India Conducts Its Affairs?

Article 77 vests in the President of India the authority to issue regulations governing the way in which the Government of India performs its business.

What Does Article 77 Of The Indian Constitution Mean?

Article 77 of the Indian Constitution lays forth the framework for how the Indian government operates. The said article interlinks the executive power with the conduct of the business of the Indian Government.

Which Amendment Has Amended Article 77?

44th Amendment has amended Article 77 and after which clause four was struck out from the said article.

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