Article 56 of the Indian Constitution

article 56 of indian constitution

Among the articles of the Constitution of India, Article 56 of the Indian Constitution speaks about the terms of office the president holds.

The qualifications, election, impeachment, and term of office of the President of India are outlined in Chapter I, Part V of the Constitution (The Union). This article found the space in the 1st chapter of Part V.

This article will help you to figure out all the provisions present in Article 56 of the Constitution of India. This article is a part of the Indian Polity of UPSC Syllabus. Thus it is vital for UPSC aspirants to prepare for the IAS exam.

Article 56 of the Indian Constitution

  1. From the day he takes office, the President will serve a term of five years:
    Provided that –
    • (a) the President, in writing, addressed to the Vice-President, resign from his office;
    • (b) the President is removed for the violation of the Constitution from office by impeachment as mentioned in article 61.
    • (c) The President shall be in office until his replacement assumes office, notwithstanding the fact that his term has expired.
  2. Resignation submitted to the Vice-President pursuant to clause (1)’s proviso in clause (a) shall be immediately forwarded to the speaker of the house of people.

Info-Bits Related to the Indian President

  1. The members chosen by the legislative assembly set the length of the president of India’s tenure and ensure that the scale of representation is uniform.
  2. According to the guidelines of Article 55 of the Indian Constitution, the President of India is chosen.
  3. The President shall hold office from the date of his or her admission in the office for a term of five years to be immediately succeeding. 
  4. The President enjoys numerous perks in addition to his pay, including free accommodation, healthcare, as well as other services.
  5. A candidate must receive the support of 50 electors—50 proposers and 50 seconders—in order for their name to be included on the ballot underneath the Presidential and Vice-Presidential Elections Act of 1952.
  6. The Indian President has the authority to clarify any ambiguities or gaps in the legislation that the Indian Government has passed. The President is not permitted to disregard or disobey the rules and regulations of the written laws.
  7. The government has the authority to remove and impeach the President from office in the event of a constitutional law breach.
  8. The President is also subject to some restrictions, such as those prohibiting war declaration, legal interpretation, and budgetary decisions.

For Further Readings

Article 52 Of The Indian ConstitutionArticle 54 Of The Indian Constitution
Article 57 Of The Indian ConstitutionArticle 58 Of The Indian Constitution
Article 59 Of The Indian ConstitutionArticle 60 Of The Indian Constitution
42nd Amendment Of The Indian Constitution84th Amendment Of The Indian Constitution
List Of Cabinet Secretary Of IndiaPowers And Functions Of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha


According to Article 56, based on the President’s commitment to his or her job, the term of office is held for five consecutive years. The president of India is principally in charge of carrying out the laws that the Indian constitution has established.

The President’s cabinet oversees each of the 15 executive departments, that are in charge of managing the “Federal Government” on a regular schedule.


Which Article of the Indian Constitution deals with the term of office of the President?

Article 56 deals with the term of office of the President.

Who elects the President of India?

The president of India is elected by electoral college members to fill the vacant seats. These are members of both the House of Parliament and the members of State Legislative Assemblies. They together elect the president.

Article 56 is Present in which Part of the Indian Constitution?

Chapter 1 of Part V contains Article 56 of the Indian Constitution.

Which Article deals with the procedure for impeachment?

The process for removing a president from office is covered in Article 61.

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