Article 321 of the Indian Constitution pertains to the power of the Parliament & the State Legislatures to provide additional functions to the Union & State Public Service Commissions – Constitution, through means of an act.
Let us understand in detail about Article 321 of the Indian Constitution.
- What does Article 321 Of The Indian Constitution say?
- FAQs on Article 321 Of The Indian Constitution
What does Article 321 Of The Indian Constitution say?
An Act made by Parliament or, as the case may be, the Legislature of a State may provide for the exercise of additional functions by the Union Public Service Commission or the State Public Service Commission as respects the services of the Union or the State and also as respects the services of any local authority or other body corporate constituted by law or of any public institution.
Article 321 of the Indian Constitution states that any act made by the Parliament or a state legislature can extend the functions & responsibilities to the existing ones in the Public Service Commissions – Constitution.
Through such an act, the Parliament and the State Legislature can add functions in relation to services of the Union and State Public Service Commissions.
This supposed act will pertain to complete regards to conditions of service of the Union (federal government) or state government, as well as those of local authorities, publicly-constituted bodies, and public institutions.
The additional functions shall be implying upon all the existing conditions of service & will be meant to broaden the scope of functions of the Public Service Commissions – Constitution.
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Article 321 of the Indian Constitution allows for the extension of functions & responsibilities of the Union & the State PSCs by an act made by the Parliament and the State Legislature respectively.
The extensions laid down by the authorities specified in Article 321 of the Indian Constitution will be acting upon all the services of persons serving in the respective PSC.
FAQs on Article 321 Of The Indian Constitution
What is the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)?
The UPSC is a constitutional body established under Article 315–323 Part XIV Chapter II of the Indian Constitution to to discharge their duties, functions and obligations assigned under Article 320.
It conducts various examinations in accordance with the Rules of examination as notified by the Government of India in a just, fair and impartial manner for making a merit based selection and recommendation of candidates for various Group A and Group B Jobs of the Govt. of India, including the IAS, IPS, and IFS.
What is the State Public Service Commission (SPSC)?
The SPSC is a similar body established by each state government under Article 315-323 Part XIV Chapter II of the Indian Constitution to recruit candidates for various civil service positions in the state government.
Who appoints the members of the UPSC and SPSC?
The President of India appoints the members of the UPSC, while the Governor of each state appoints the members of the SPSC for that state.
What are the functions of the UPSC and SPSC?
The UPSC and SPSC are responsible for conducting examinations and interviews to recruit candidates for various public sector positions in the government.
They are also responsible for making recommendations for appointments and transfers of civil servants.
Can the UPSC and SPSC be dissolved or their functions suspended?
No, the UPSC and SPSC cannot be dissolved or have their functions suspended.
They can only be abolished by a constitutional amendment.