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Article 214 Of The Indian Constitution: High Court For States

article 214 of indian constitution
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High Courts for States are highlighted under Article 214 of the Indian Constitution.

The aforementioned Article is addressed under Chapter V, which is focused on the “High Court in States.” This Chapter is organized in Part VI of the Constitution, which is focused on the Articles that contain the provisions referring to “The States.”

What Is Article 214 Of The Indian Constitution?

High Courts for States are discussed in Article 214. It stipulates that a High Court shall exist in each state.

Note: The said Article has 3 clauses initially whose provisions revolved around the “High Court For States”. However, the 7th Constitutional amendment act modified the said Article and repealed clauses 2 and 3.

High Court Of A State: Facts

High courts serve as lower courts in India’s judicial hierarchy than the Supreme Court. In a state, the High Court is the highest court. A high court and a system of subordinate courts make up the state’s judicial system.

In 1862, India established its first high courts in the cities of Bombay, Calcutta, and Madras, marking the beginning of the High Court as we know it today.

Article 214 of the Indian Constitution stipulates that every state in India must have its own High Court. However, another provision of Article 231 stipulates that there may be a single High Court serving two or more states together, or a High Court serving two or more states along with a union territory.

There are a total of 25 high courts across India, with six having jurisdiction In India over multiple states or UTs. As one of the Union Territories, Delhi is home to its own High Court. Each High Court is required to have a Chief Justice in addition to the number of other justices that are designated by the President of India.

Conclusion

Article 214 of the Constitution of India specifically refers to State High Courts. High Court is the highest Court in the State of India. 

The High Court is the highest appellate court within State authority. By establishing it, the people of India professed justice. The High Court’s authority is designed to provide a fair trial in situations affecting the Indian Constitution, which also protects the democratic state.

FAQs

Name The 25th High Court Of India.

The high court of Andhra Pradesh is the twenty-fifth high court in India. It is found in Amravati, which is the capital city of the state of Andhra Pradesh. It was created following Andhra Pradesh’s split into Telangana and Andhra Pradesh.

What Is Article 214 Of The Indian Constitution?

Article 214 stipulates that there must be a High Court operating in each individual state.

Which Amendment Has Amended Article 214?

The 7th Amendment of the Indian Constitution amended Article 214 and strike its two clauses, namely clause 2 and clause 3.

Which State Has The First High Court In India?

During the time of the British, the first High Court in history was founded. On July 2, 1862, Calcutta became home to the country’s first High Court with the establishment of the Calcutta High Court. When it was opened, it was known as the High Court of Judicature in Fort William. It came into effect thanks to the Indian High Courts Act of 1861. West Bengal and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands fell under the jurisdiction’s purview. 

Which Is The 2nd Oldest High Court In India?

Bombay became the site of the second High Court of Indi on August 14, 1862.

Which Is The Largest High Court In India?

Allahabad High Court is the largest High Court in India. It was founded on March 17, 1866, making it India’s fourth high court after the others had been created earlier.

In India, Which One Of The States Does Not Have Its Own High Court?

Goa, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh, and Nagaland are the only states in this category that do not have their own high courts.

Name The Three Chartered High Courts In India.

The three Chartered High Courts in India are the Bombay High Court, the Madras High Court, and the Calcutta High Court.

What Is The Current Count Of High Courts In India In 2022?

The highest court in a state is known as the High Court. In accordance with the provisions of Article 214 of the Constitution, each state is required to have its own High Court. India has a total of 25 high courts in its judicial system.

Which Indian High Court Is The Newly Formed One?

The High Courts of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh were founded in 2019.

List The Names Of Two Indian High Courts With Jurisdiction Over More Than Two States.

There is no attempt made in the constitution to provide precise definitions or classification of the many sorts of jurisdiction that are exercised by the High Courts. More than two states are under the purview of the Mumbai and Guwahati High Courts. Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, and Mizoram fall within the purview of the Guwahati High Court. The jurisdiction of the Mumbai High Court includes the states of Maharashtra, Goa, Dadra, and Nagar Haveli, as well as Daman and Diu.

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