8th Amendment Of Indian Constitution

8th amendment of indian constitution

The 8th amendment of Indian Constitution was enacted by the parliament of India in 1959. The Constitution’s Article 334 was changed by this amendment. Seats for Anglo-Indians, members of Scheduled Castes and Tribes, and other groups were reserved for a longer period of time in the State Legislative Assemblies and the Lok Sabha.

Ten years before, the reservation period was in effect. This amendment allowed for an increase of up to twenty years.

Read this article to learn more about the 8th amendment of Indian constitution.

8th Amendment Of Indian Constitution

The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes and Anglo-Indian representation in the Lok Sabha and the State Legislative Assemblies were extended for ten years, or up to 26 January 1970, as a result of the Eighth Amendment to the Indian Constitution, which changed Article 334 of the Constitution.

By virtue of the 8th Amendment, reservations were permitted until 1970. By the 23rd, 45th, 62nd, 79th, 95th, and 104th Amendments, the period of reservation was extended to 1980, 1990, 2000, 2010, 2020, and 2030, respectively.

Facts

  1. On November 16, 1959, the Constitution (Eighth Amendment) Bill, was presented in the Lok Sabha.
  2. It intended to change articles 333 as well as article 334 of the Indian Constitution.
  3. It was introduced by the then Minister of Home Affairs named Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant.
  4. The bill was approved by the States, and on January 5, 1960, it was accorded president Rajendra Prasad’s approval and became effective.
  5. It commenced on 5th January 1960.

Proposal

According to Article 334 of the Indian Constitution, after ten years after the Constitution’s inception, the provisions relating to the Anglo-Indian community’s participation in the Lok Sabha and the State Legislative Assemblies through a nomination and the seat reservation for the Scheduled Castes as well as Scheduled Tribes cease to be in force (i.e., it would expire in 1960).

It was also suggested to fix the maximum number of Anglo-Indian community members who may be selected by governors to state assemblies as part of the extension of the timeframe for nomination, and an amendment to article 333 was subsequently recommended.

Amendment Of Article 334

The 8th amendment of Indian Constitution amended article 334. In Article 334 of the Indian Constitution, the wording “10 years” shall be replaced by “twenty years.”

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Ratification

Article 368(2) requires that the Act be passed in line with its provisions and approved by at least half of the States’ Legislatures. The following state legislatures approved the proposed amendment:

  1. Uttar Pradesh
  2. Mysore
  3. Assam
  4. West Bengal
  5. Punjab
  6. Madras
  7. Andhra Pradesh
  8. Rajasthan
  9. Bombay
  10. Orissa

Conclusion

The Scheduled Caste, Scheduled Tribe, and Anglo-Indian seat reservations in the Lok Sabha and State Legislative Assemblies were extended under The Constitution (Eighth Amendment) Act, 1959 until 1970.

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