Muhammad Shah Of Sayyid Dynasty

muhammad shah of sayyid dynasty

A notable monarch of the Sayyid Dynasty, Muhammad Shah reigned from 1434 to 1445 A.D. He was the third monarch and became the king in 1434 following the death of his uncle Mubarak Shah.

He failed to be an effective king for Delhi due to his indulgence in sensual pleasure and poor leadership.

Because of his indulgence in sensuous pleasure and ineffective administration, he proved to be an incapable ruler for Delhi. The octagonal tomb of Muhammad Shah is an iconic sight in the Lodi Gardens.

The focus of this article is Muhammad Shah. Candidates preparing for the civil service examination should read this.

Facts About Muhammad Shah

  1. Due to the lack of heirs, Mubarak Shah adopted Mohammad Shah, his nephew.
  2. Wazir Sarvar-ul-Mulk chose Muhammad-bin-Farid to succeed Mubarak Shah after he passed away in 1434.
  3. He turned out to be a weak leader for Delhi due to his obsession with sensual pleasure and poor administration.
  4. He ruled for 12 years, and the Sayyid dynasty administration saw a major downfall during his tenure. Law and order were totally absent in his reigning period.


  1. Sarvar-ul-Mulk maintained absolute authority for the initial six months of his administration until an opposition force headed by Kamal-ul-Mulk arose.
  2. Sarvar-ul-Mulk attempted to assassinate the Sultan, but his plan failed due to the other faction staying devoted to the Sultan.
  3. Due to the unsuccessful attempt to assassinate the Sultan, the Sultan’s troops killed Wazir Sarvar-ul-Mulk.
  4. Kamal-ul-Mulk was appointed as Wazir in recognition of his devoted services.
  5. However, he did not do as well as the prior Wazir as an administrator.
  6. Mohammad Shah had a golden opportunity to improve the way the empire was run as the nobles had united behind him, but he preferred pleasure above his responsibilities as king. Revolts and lawlessness consequently broke out everywhere.
  7. In order to prepare for an attack, Mahmood Shah, the Sultan of Malwa, set up a camp close to Delhi.
  8. Muhammad Shah understood that he was powerless to control the situation. So he called in Bahlul Lodi, the commander of Sirhind.
  9. With 20,000 mounted warriors at his command, Bahlul Lodi assumed virtually all leadership of the Delhi troops.
  10. The army of Bahlul Lodi launched an assault against the warriors of Sultan Mahmood Shah.
  11. After Mahmood Shah encountered difficulty, he and Mohammed Shah ultimately agreed to a treaty.
  12. Bahlol Lodi received praise from Muhammad Shah for his rapid aid.
  13. He addressed Bahlol Lodi as his son. He bestowed upon him the moniker of Khan-i-Khanan.
  14. Later, Bahlul Lodi took control of most of Punjab. He tried to ascend to the crown of Delhi in 1443, but after failing in his initial attempt, Bahlul Lodi decided to postpone his endeavor until a later, more advantageous moment.
  15. Provincial rulers in Multan and Jaunpur proclaimed their independence and renounced paying an annual tribute. Numerous additional amirs and fief-holders have proclaimed their freedom.
  16. Before his death in the year 1445, Muhammad Shah selected his son Alam Shah to be the next ruler of the kingdom.
  17. Muhammad Shah’s tomb is an impressive sight which is present at Lodi Garden of New Delhi.


Due to his preoccupation with sensual pleasures, Muhammad Shah was considered an unworthy ruler unable to protect his Sultanate from both internal and external crises. Muhammad Shah’s rule was a failure as a result.

He passed away in 1445, leaving behind a demolished kingdom. His son Ala-ud-din Alam Shah supplanted him.

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