Mubarak Shah of the Sayyid Dynasty

mubarak shah

Mubarak Shah was Sayyid Dynasty’s second ruler after his father, Khizr Khan, he was one of the effective rulers who ruled the Delhi Sultanate (1421 – 1434).

The Delhi Sultanate has seen a lot of monarchs ruling over a long 320 years, in which Mubarak Shah was one of the most accomplished rulers of his time.

Let’s learn more about him in this article.

Who Was Mubarak Shah?

Mubarak Khan is commonly known as Mubarak Shah or Muizz-ud-Din Mubarak Shah. His father, Sayyid Khizr Khan, founded the Sayyid dynasty and ruled Punjab in the past.

Mubarak Shah became the second Sultan of Delhi under the Sayyid Dynasty after his father Khizr Khan.

He rose to the king without resistance in 1421, with the ambition of enlarging the empire. As Sultan of Delhi, he ruled from 1421 until 1434.


Khizr Khan was followed by his son Mubarak Shah. As the second monarch of the Sayyid Dynasty, he reigned from 1421 until 1434.

After ascending to power, Mubarak proclaimed himself Shah and had coins minted in his honour.

He continued in his father’s footsteps by instituting disciplinary measures against Jagirdhars and nobility in order to collect the income.

This infuriated the Jagirs and governors. The nobility began to revolt against the King. Sultan, on the other hand, was able to turn down the revelling nobility at Bathinda and Doab.

In reaction to the Timurid invasion of India, a number of regional kingdoms developed, and Mubarak Shah spent most of his reign suppressing them.

Jasrat Khokhar was Punjab’s local Muslim chieftain who was the greatest threat to his power. Jasrat Khokhar conquered vast territories in Punjab and later he marched towards Delhi in 1431 and captured the Delhi Sultanate.

But later Jasrat Khokhar was defeated by Mubarak Shah and forced to leave Delhi. He gave up vast territory conquered by him to the Delhi Sultan Mubarak Shah.

Former minister Sarvar-ul-Mulk and other Hindu courtiers planned his assassination while returning from a victorious war campaign in Bhatinda Punjab.

Mubarak Shah reconsidered and relocated his capital to Mubarakabad on the Yamuna.

The scheme was successful, and Mubarak Shah was killed in 1434 AD when he was praying in his palace at Mubharakabad.

Given that Mubarak Shah did not have any kids, his nephew Mohammed Shah ascended to the throne and continued the Sayyid dynasty. This effectively terminated Sultan Mubarak Shah’s reign.

The Tomb

This octagonal mausoleum was built during Mubarak Shah’s lifetime. Except for the southern and western entrances, all the others have disappeared.

The Mihrab faces west, and three of the walls are broken up by arches. In Delhi, the mausoleum is part of the Kotla Mubarakpur Complex.

The tomb is rather tiny and has a level base. The entry Hall is made up of three entrances and a verandah.

The ceiling is covered with Quranic inscriptions, and the dome is held up by turrets on all four sides.

The mosque, situated on the tomb’s western side, was built for visitors to worship in and deliver speeches.

Also Read: Delhi Sultanate Monuments


Mubarak Shah was an effective ruler and had the desire to extend the Sayyid Dynasty’s realm, but he was met with a great deal of opposition and mutiny.

For 13 years, he struggled both inside and abroad to preserve the Delhi Sultanate secure and unbroken.

He had spent his entire life suppressing one or more revolts. He relocated Mubarakabad to the Yamuna River banks as his new capital. In 1434, Mubarak Shah lost his life. Muhammad Shah, his nephew, took his place.


Who Was The Most Powerful Ruler Of The Sayyid Dynasty?

The founder of the Sayyid Dynasty and the first ruler Sayyid Khizr Khan was regarded as the most vigorous ruler of the Sayyid dynasty as he is credited with helping Timur invade the Delhi Sultanate and also causing the fall of the old Tughlaq dynasty.

Who Was The Last Ruler Of The Sayyid Dynasty?

Ala-Ud-Din Alam Shah, also known as Alauddin Shah, was the last ruler of the Sayyid dynasty whose rule ended and started a new era of the Lodi dynasty of Bahlol Lodi.

Who Founded The Sayyid Dynasty?

Sayyid Khizr Khan is credited as the founder of The Sayyid dynasty, specific to the Delhi Sultanate started in the post-Tughlaq era (around 1414 A.D.).

Who took the throne after Khizr Khan?

Mubarak Shah took the throne after Khizr Khan.

Who was the father of Mubarak Shah?

Mubarak Shah was the son of Khizr Khan.

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