Useful Mnemonics For UPSC To Remember

mnemonics for upsc

Everyone studying for the IAS  is aware that having a strong memory is one of the requirements for passing an exam. You ought to be able to decipher a lot of statistics, data, and numbers. It is not reasonably possible to memorize the entire vast syllabus of the IAS exam.

In order to help in this situation, we frequently develop acronyms or mnemonics, which are tactics or slogans.

This page presents a few handy mnemonics that are valuable for the UPSC CSE exam.

What Is Mnemonic?

A mnemonic (pronounced as ni-mo-nik), also known as a memory aid, is an effective tool that helps us to remember any idea, a pattern of letters, any number, complex definitions, or any sort of association.

There are different ways to construct a mnemonic for UPSC. It all depends on your creativity and usefulness. It includes rhymes, poems, songs, native language, any gibberish language or can be anything that is easy to remember.

Memory Techniques For UPSC Exam

The examination requires memorization of facts and figures and that needs a Mind map.

Mnemonics for UPSC is a very useful tool to create a perfect mind map. It is a very effective way of structuring facts, information, or any figure for retention purposes.

Mnemonics enable us to see the overall structure in one go, and we can make associations between pieces of information.

  1. Revision: Such techniques are quite useful when the aspirants are revising for prelims or mains exam. Short forms, songs, or any other form of mnemonics help to go through the syllabus quickly.

  2. Connecting dots: There are times when aspirants forget half the content and can easily recall the remaining half. In such cases, the mnemonics technique helps to recall complete answers successfully.

Types Of Memory Techniques

The Model Mnemonics Technique

Any kind of presentation is used to create in such a way that all the points of a particular topic are covered. It includes models, flow charts, bar charts, mind maps, etc.

Phrase Mnemonics Technique

A phrase is created using the first letter of every keyword and forms a song or a statement that can be recalled easily.

Rhyme Mnemonics Technique

Rhyming words are selected and a poem is created through those keywords which helps you to recall easily at the time of examination.

Music Mnemonics Technique

Sing your answers to remember them for a long duration. It is observed that most people can remember lyrics easily but not the text. So, give it some music and sing.

Acronym Mnemonics Technique

Creating an acronym or short forms by various methods is also a popular technique. It has a blurred image of the detailed keywords so recalling becomes easier during the exam.

Note Organization Mnemonics Technique

Every time one studies a particular topic, it is advised to note the important keywords in the Note section or highlight them. So at the revision time, one has to only go through the notes.

Image Mnemonics Technique

Images are easier to recall than text. So this technique is used where one can portray the text written and it will never go away from the memory.

Mnemonics For UPSC CSE

Mnemonics for UPSC is an effective memorizing tool to help Civil Services aspirants retain large amounts of information in a creative way.

It is a fact that UPSC CSE requires a strong memory and a very good retention power to recall certain facts and figures. A human being could easily design and assemble a machine but the truth is that a Human in itself is not a machine.

Therefore, it is not easy to remember and mug up everything an aspirant learns during the preparation for any examination.

UPSC CSE syllabus in itself is as vast as a sea. That’s why creativity is needed to remember such a large pool of facts, dates, figures, and various information which will definitely help you in the IAS exam especially in the UPSC Prelims examination as it demands an objective approach and has MCQs as questions.

Here, we are going to present to you some important and useful mnemonics for UPSC which are popularly used among UPSC aspirants and will prove to be an effective tool for your UPSC Civil Services Examination.

Here are some easy and useful mnemonics for UPSC exam preparation:

Countries Surrounding The Black Sea

Mnemonic: BURGRT

B– Bulgaria

U– Ukraine

R– Russia

G– Georgia

R– Romania

T– Turkey

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Countries Around The Caspian Sea

Mnemonic: TRAIK

T– Turkmenistan

R– Russia

A– Azerbaijan

I– Iran

K– Kazakhstan

Horn Of Africa

Mnemonic: SEED

S– Somalia

E– Ethiopia

E– Eritrea

D– Djibouti

Missiles Under Integrated Program

Mnemonic: PATNA

P– Prithvi

A– Agni

T– Trishul

N– Nag

A– Akash

Kings Of Ancient India Who Practiced Buddhism

Mnemonic: BAPU KA HATH

B– Bimbisara

A– Ashoka

P– Prasanjeet

U– Udaysen

KA– Kanishka

HATH– Harshavardhana

SAARC Countries

Mnemonic: MBBS PAIN

M– Maldives

B– Bangla

B – Bhutan

S– Sri Lanka

P– Pakistan

A– Afghan

I– India

N– Nepal

12 Schedules Of The Indian Constitution


T–  Territories

E–  Emoluments

A–  Affirmations

R–  Rajya Sabha

S–  Scheduled Areas

O–  Other Areas (North-Eastern areas)

F–  Federal Structures

O–  Official language

L–  Land Reforms

D–  Defection Laws

P–  Panchayat

M– Municipalities



C – Certiorari

P – Prohibition

M – Mandamus

H – Habeas Corpus

Q – Quo Warranto

States Having Bicameral Legislature System

Mnemonics: JAMBUK-T

J – Jammu & Kashmir

A – Andhra Pradesh

M – Maharashtra

B – Bihar

U – Uttar Pradesh

K – Karnataka

T – Telangana

Great Lakes Of North America

Mnemonic: HOMES

H – L.Huron

O – L.Ontario

M – L.Michigan

E – L.Erie

S – L.Superior

Adjoining Countries Bordering Arctic Sea

Mnemonic: Green Fish Went To Norway By Car

G – Greenland

F – Finland

I – Iceland

s – Sweden

N – Norway

C – Canada

A – Alaska

R – Russia

G20 Group

Mnemonic: Guru Ji Sita Ab SSC FCI Mein Jo Karti Hai

(Germany, USA, Russia, United Kingdom, Japan, India, Saudi Arabia, Indonesia, Turkey, Australia, Argentina, Brazil, South Africa, South Korea, Canada, France, China, Italy, Mexico, European Union)

You can construct more interesting mnemonic techniques for European Countries, Neighboring Countries, Arctic Council, Gulf Council, Nordic Council, Indian History, Ancient History, or Countries surrounded by Baltic Sea, Caspian Sea, Adriatic Sea, Aral Sea, North Sea, and many more by themselves by associating certain complex facts and figures with some creative words, songs, gibberish terms, or any other native language terms or words which they could easily remember.


The trick is to connect it to something that you can easily remember – maybe the name of a friend or your favorite fruit. It is all a matter of organizing and creativity, and as long as it works with helping you remember information, it’s great!

Mnemonics for UPSC are one of the most helpful tools while preparing. It makes revision as well as retention hassle-free.

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