In 1962, Lal Bahadur Sastri established the K Santhanam Committee on Prevention of Corruption. Santhanam, a highly respected investigator with an impeccable reputation, headed the committee. He advised the Central Government about the detection of maladministration and the prevention of it. In the process, he helped bring about a sea of changes in the Indian political landscape.
This article is beneficial for the IAS aspirants in UPSC Preparation.
- Objective Of K Santhanam Committee On Prevention Of Corruption
- K Santhanam Committee Recommendations
- The Prevention Of Corruption Act
- Significance of K Santhanam Committee
- When And Why K Santhanam Committee Was Formed?
Objective Of K Santhanam Committee On Prevention Of Corruption
The K Santhanam Committee was an anti-corruption committee on Prevention of Corruption established by the Government of India in 1962 to study corruption in the public sector and government departments in the Central government, union territories, nationalized banks, and PSU officers. The Santhanam Committee was formed to make reforms and suggest anti-corruption measures in the government, its departments, and the Public Sector. The government was required to undertake the below-mentioned preventive measures to fight the menace of corruption and corrupt practices:
- Establishing anti-corruption laws.
- 1-year monitoring of files related to procurement, construction, maintenance of public buildings, etc.
- Loan and financial assistance related file monitoring to ensure zero private gains.
- Limitation of private profits obtained by public workers in the form of loans, other financial help from financial companies, and so on.
- The committee referred to the study of other concerns not covered by the preceding.
K Santhanam Committee Recommendations
The K Santhanam committee report included a series of recommendations for combating corruption practices.
- It recommended the creation of a Central Vigilance Commission, the apex vigilance institution, which was established to look into cases of corruption committed against central government officials. It is not under the control of any executive authority and is thus an autonomous body.
- It also suggested the establishment of special courts to investigate corruption and appoint special judges.
- It recommended that rules be established for filing assets and liability declarations, dealing in stocks, raising contributions, and other matters.
- The K. Santhanam Committee recommended the creation of the Central Bureau of Investigation as the Union Government’s primary investigative agency. This independent body has the authority to investigate and punish cases of corruption. The Commission acted as an advisor to government officials on integrity issues in public administration.
- Its recommendations include educating citizens concerning their rights, and responsibilities, as well as ensuring that the government works.
- Employees of all departments should get access to regular recreational activities.
- Employees should be entitled to avail housing, medical facility, etc. Periodic review and appraisal of salaries to be done.
- The provision of offering bribes should become a substantive offense. Government servants should be only appointed to posts if the eligibility criteria are met. They should not immediately take up private commercial employment, immediately, after retirement.
- Companies and businesses must keep detailed records of all accounts of expenditure. Administrative delays should be cut, as they can lead to corruption.
- Periodic reviews of taxation laws, granted licenses, and permits.
The Prevention Of Corruption Act
To combat corruption in Indian government offices and public sector firms, the Indian Parliament passed the Prevention of Corruption Act in 1988.
For the first time the Prevention of Corruption Act, of 1947 was made to tackle this situation. This act required special judges to be appointed by the Central and State governments. A Session Judge/Additional Session Judge/Assistant Session Judge can only be appointed to the post of Special Judge.
The Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 has made bribery a crime under the Criminal Code.
To ensure that bribes are dealt with effectively and promptly, the 1988 Prevention of Corruption Act was amended. Its five chapters and 31 sections detail the rules and penalties that apply to public servants.
Significance of K Santhanam Committee
The K Santhanam Committee was a crucial committee for the prevention of corruption in India and was created to investigate corrupt behavior, but the report it produced was crucial reading both inside and outside the Indian subcontinent.
The recommendations provided by the Santhanam Committee were noteworthy because
- they served as the cornerstone for a new set of legislation addressing corruption in India.
- they resulted in the appointment of Lal Bahadur Shastri as Prime Minister
- they resulted in the appointment of Kamla Nehru as External Affairs Minister
- the recommendation resulted in the establishment of special courts to deal with corruption cases and the establishment of a Bureau to investigate various concerns alluded to by the K Santhanam Committee.
- its recommendations made possible the creation of a Central Vigilance Commission.
When And Why K Santhanam Committee Was Formed?
The Santhanam Committee, established in 1962 to combat corruption in the Indian government, was recommended by Lal Bahadur Shastri. The Committee was given the responsibility to recommend reforms for investigating corruption cases and recommending reforms to India’s criminal justice system. The Santhanam Committee Report is a landmark document within the Indian anti-corruption movement.
The recommendations of the Santhanam Committee led to the establishment of a non-statutory body, the Central Vigilance Commission by the Government in 1964. Central Vigilance Commission is an autonomous and advisory body. It is responsible for all activities related to the central government’s field of vigilance. The commission advises the Government on major administrative challenges related to preventing corruption in Public Services and individual cases of corruption.
The Committee became known as Santhanam’s Committee on Anti-Corruption due to its comprehensive investigation work and suggestions. The creation of the CVC, which had statutory status in 2003, is accredited to this committee on anti-corruption.
Who Headed The Committee On Prevention Of Corruption?
Kasturiranga Santhanam, also known as K Santhanam headed the Committee on Prevention of Corruption.
What Is The Role Of The Santhanam Committee?
The K Santhanam Committee was formed to play a vital role in curbing corruption in the government and the public sector. The K Santhanam Committee submitted its report in January 1963.
When Central Vigilance Commission Was introduced? What Was Its Role?
In the year 1964, the Indian government established the Central Vigilance Commission (CVC). An executive resolution served as the vehicle for its initial introduction. To advise and direct the Central Government in matters of surveillance is the responsibility of the Central Vigilance Committee.