Article 237 of the Indian Constitution addresses the applicability of the provisions of Chapter VI to a particular class or classes of magistrates.
This Chapter is a part of Part VI (titled “The States”) of the Constitution and is revolving around the Subordinate Courts.
This page covers what Article 237 specifies and presents the provisions enveloped in the said Article. It is indeed required reading for the preparation of the UPSC CSE Indian Polity Syllabus and well worth your time.
What Is Article 237 Of The Indian Constitution?
Article 237 discusses the applicability of Chapter VI contained in Part VI of the Constitution to a certain category or categories of Magistrates. Such authority was bestowed upon the State Governor. The provision of the Article mentioned above is as follows:
The Governor may, by public notification direct that the aforementioned provisions of Chapter VI and any rules adopted thereunder may, with effect from the date the Governor may fix in that regard, apply to any class or classes of state magistrates in the same manner as they apply to individuals appointed to the state judicial service, pursuant to any exceptions and changes that may be indicated in the notification, as of the date that may be fixed by him in that regard.
When Article 237 Came Into Existence?
On September 16th, 1949, a discussion was held over the draught of Article 209E, which is also known as Article 237. It was initially left out of the 1948 Draft Constitution. Instead, it was suggested to be added as Draft Article 209E by the Chairman of the Constitution Drafting Committee. The Governor was given the power to apply Chapter VI to any class or classes of magistrates under the Draft Article. The 16th of September, 1949 marked the day that Draft Article 209E was approved.
In A Nutshell
The applicability of Chapter VI, which is found in Part VI of the Constitution, to a particular type or categories of Magistrates, is covered in Article 237. The authority to do so was delegated to the Governor of the state. The provisions of Article stated before are mentioned on this page.
In the interest of further readings:
|Article 235 Of The Indian Constitution
|Article 236 Of The Indian Constitution: Interpretation
|Article 238 Of The Indian Constitution
|Article 242 Of The Indian Constitution
What Are The Constitutional Provisions Of Article 237?
With respect to any class or classes of magistrates in the State, the aforementioned provisions of Chapter VI and any rules made thereunder may, with effect from the date the Governor may fix in that regard, apply as they do in relation to persons appointed to the State’s judicial service, subject to any exceptions and modifications that may be specified in the notification.
What Chapter VI Deals With?
Chapter VI deals with “The Subordinate Courts”. The said Chapter belongs to Part VI of the Indian Constitution. Article 237 specifies the applicability of the provisions contained in the forenamed Chapter to a certain class/classes of the magistrates.