Have you ever wondered who holds power in the Legislative Council of the states of India, also known as Vidhan Parishad and what happens in their absence?
Article 182 of the Indian Constitution gives you a glimpse into the working of the Vidhan Parishad with respect to the Chairman and Deputy Chairman. Read on to learn what this article of the Indian Constitution talks about in details.
- What Does Article 182 Of The Indian Constitution Talk About?
- Digging Deeper Into Article 182 Of The Indian Constitution
- Summing Up
What Does Article 182 Of The Indian Constitution Talk About?
Article 182 as mentioned in the Constitution of India is as follows:
“182. The Chairman and Deputy Chairman of the Legislative Council The Legislative Council of every State having such Council shall, as soon as may be, choose two members of the Council to be respectively Chairman and Deputy Chairman thereof and, so often as the office of Chairman or Deputy Chairman becomes vacant, the Council shall choose another member to be Chairman or Deputy Chairman, as the case may be”
Digging Deeper Into Article 182 Of The Indian Constitution
To simply understand what Article 182 deals with, we must keep in mind that 6 states in India have their respective Legislative Councils as of 2022. It is also known as Vidhan Parishad.
Two members belonging to this body are appointed as the Chairman and Deputy Chairman. In any circumstance when these posts are left vacant, the Council must as soon as possible select other members to serve as the Chairman or Deputy Chairman, whichever seat is not presided.
Members of this body serve a tenure of six years. Every two years, one-third of the existing members retire from their positions. The Upper House of the Indian Parliament, or the Rajya Sabha has a similar sort of arrangement in terms of functioning.
The Legislative Councils in States must have a Chairman and a Deputy Chairman at all times. The appointment of the Chairman and Deputy Chairman of this body is the focal point of Article 182 of the Indian Constitution.
The article lays down the special procedure in respect to these offices in case they are not presided at any point of time. In short, it defines the legislative procedures to be followed in the state of vacancy of the office of either the Chairman or the Deputy Chairman.
Related Articles: Article 120 Of The Indian Constitution
How Many States In India Have State Legislative Council?
In India, there are a total of 28 states. Out of these, 6 states have a State Legislative Council, as of 2022.
Which Indian States Have A Vidhan Parishad?
Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Telangana, Maharashtra, Bihar, and Uttar Pradesh have a Vidhan Parishad of their own.
What Is The State Legislative Council Also Known As?
The State Legislative Council is also known as Vidhan Parishad or Saasana Mandali.
Which Was The Draft Article For Article 182 Of The Indian Constitution?
Article 182 was finalised from Draft Article 160. Its purpose was the appointment of the Chairman and Deputy Chairman of the Vidhan Parishad.
When Was Draft Article 160 Debated And Adopted?
In the Constituent Assembly, Draft Article 160 was discussed and adopted on June 2, 1949.