Article 159 Of The Indian Constitution

article 159 of indian constitution

As required by Article 159 of the Indian Constitution, the governor must swear an oath and make an affirmation before taking office.

Article 159 is a part of Chapter II of Part VI of the Constitution.

This page will provide you with important insight into the oath taken by the governor, what pledges the governor makes, and the person who administers the governor’s oath.

What Is Article 159 Of The Indian Constitution?

Before taking office, every Governor and everyone carrying out the duties of the Governor must take an oath or affirmation in front of the High Court Chief Justice with jurisdiction over the State, or, in his absence, the senior-most judge of that Court available.

Note: Additionally, the article provides the wording of the oath (or the format of oath) the governor takes to “preserve, protect, and defend the Constitution and the law.” The Governor must carry out his duties with the assistance and counsel of the Council of Ministers unless they are clearly stated in the Constitution as subjects to be handled at the Governor’s discretion. All laws bind the Governor in addition to the stipulations of the Constitution.

Oath Taken By Governor

The following promises are made here by the governor of any State:

  1. He will faithfully carry out the responsibilities of the Governor.
  2. He will do everything in his power to uphold, defend, and maintain the law and the Constitution.
  3. He will dedicate himself to serving and promoting the interests of the populace.

Who Administers The Oath?

The Governor must swear or affirm before the High Court Chief Justice who has jurisdiction over the State. However, if the Chief Justice of the HC is not present, the senior-most judge who is available on that Court will administer the oath.


The Governor serves as the State’s nominal head.

In conformity with the constitutional provisions of Article 159, the Governor must take an oath and affirmation before taking office so that they can express a commitment to faithfully carry out their duties in front of the Chief Justice of the Indian High Court of that State.

FAQs On Article 159

Who Gave The Oath To The Governor?

The oath of office is administered to the Governor by the Chief Justice of the relevant State High Court. In his absence, the oath is administered by the High Court’s senior-most judge.

What Does Oath Mean In Government?

An oath of office is a pledge taken by a person to uphold and carry out the commitments and responsibilities of a position to which they were either elected or appointed.

Which Article Deals With The Oath Of Governor?

Article 159 deals with the oath and affirmation that the Governor of the State will take.

What Is The Significance Of The Oath?

The oath is a significant ceremonial gesture that marks the commencement of one’s term in office. Importantly, it allows the official to publicly commit to the duties, accountabilities, and obligations that come with holding public office.

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