83rd Amendment Of Indian Constitution

83rd amendment of indian constitution

The 83rd Amendment of Indian Constitution makes no reservation for Arunachal Pradesh for SC and ST people in Panchayat. The state is a tribal state with 100 percent of the tribal population. Therefore, there is no need to make reservations for SCs and STs in the state.

Read this article to know more about the 83rd Amendment of Indian Constitution. This article will help you in your UPSC Preparation.

What Is The 83rd Amendment Of Indian Constitution?

In 2000, the 83rd Amendment to the Indian Constitution was passed, amending Article 243M of the constitution of India to say that Arunachal Pradesh, where the entire population is a tribal society, did not require reservation of seats for SC/ST to be made in Panchayats.

Key Points

  1. On December 16, 1999, Sunder Lal Patwa put up this legislation.
  2. The Constitution (Eighty-third Amendment) Act of 2000 is an official term for this legislation.
  3. In the fifty-first year of the Indian Republic, Assembly adopted the 83rd amendment.
  4. This amendment was enacted on 8th September 2000.

Objects And Reasons

The Constitution (Seventy-third Amendment) Act of 1992 went into effect on April 24, 1993. As per the aforementioned Act, all States were required to update their local legislation to comply with the new Constitutional provisions within a year of the Act’s implementation date. The deadline for finishing this practice is April 23, 1994.

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The Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes are given representation in each Panchayat through reservations under Article 243D. The population of the state of Arunachal Pradesh consists of native tribal folks. The state is devoid of Scheduled Castes. The State Legislative Assembly does not have set-aside seats for the Scheduled Castes members, and no relevant legal requirements exist. The Scheduled Castes are also not subject to any reservations in state government jobs.

The peaceful existence of the native tribal inhabitants of Arunachal Pradesh is given specific protection and safeguards by the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation of 1873 and the Chin Hill Regulations of 1896. These regulations forbid the entry of outsiders into the tribal territory without an “Inner Line Permit.” The democratic process is solely open to the native tribal people.

The tribal community of Arunachal Pradesh is casteless and has long upheld social equality for both men and women. It is suggested to add a new clause (3A) to article 243M of the Indian Constitution to exclude the State of Arunachal Pradesh from the application of article 243D, which deals with the seat reservation in Panchayats for the Scheduled Castes. This is because there are no Scheduled Castes in the State and the State of Arunachal Pradesh is the only one without a caste system.

In conformity with the socio-political spirit of the State, this will give Panchayat Raj Entities in Arunachal Pradesh a constitutional basis and legal foundation. The purpose of the Bill is to accomplish the aforesaid objective.

Constitutional Amendment To Article 243M

Article 243M now contains a new clause (3A), thanks to the 83rd Amendment. Nothing in article 243D, which deals with reserving seats for Scheduled Castes, shall be applicable to the State of Arunachal Pradesh, according to the amended version.

Conclusion

The government realized there was no need for reservations because Arunachal Pradesh is populated entirely by indigenous tribal people, thus they made modifications to article 243M, thereby inserting a new clause (3A) into it.

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